In the capital of the Republic of Cameroon - Yaounde - there are many favorite places for tourists, most of which are museums and temples. Particularly famous is the Cameroonian Museum of Art, located next to the Catholic Monastery of Benedictines. The Museum of Art is located in the center of Yaounde. It occupies a small space, but at the same time it contains a lot of interesting exhibits that give an idea of the culture and life of Cameroon.
Of particular interest to tourists are masks used by tribes during hunting, religious and marital rituals. Africans believed that the mask helps to drive away the evil spirit, to call on the divine powers for help. Masks delight in shapes and colors. Many visitors, after visiting the museum, buy a mask as a souvenir and decoration for the home. Here are collections of masks, cult attributes, dishes, clay and wooden figurines, jewelry and weapons used by local tribes. The museum contains items from different eras. It is very easy to get confused at what time this or that artifact was created. To understand the features of the life and work of Cameroonians helps the guide.
Pottery is also interesting. The stuck together human figures attract attention. Some African tribes believed that after death, the soul of the deceased can find refuge in such a figurine. Therefore, after the death of a person created such a miniature receptacle for his spirit. This belief is rooted in the voodoo religion. Some other items in the museum have similar specifics: talismans, charms, etc.
The Cameroon Museum of Art will be interesting to those who are passionate about studying the religions and history of the people of Africa. No wonder they say that Cameroon is a small Africa. Having visited Cameroon, recognizing it, we can say that they recognized all of Africa.
Population, language, religion
The population of Yaounde is 3,412,000 people (2018). Representatives of the Bamileke ethnic groups (about a quarter of all city residents), Fulani (about 10%), as well as Fang, Dual, Fulbe live in the city. The official languages are English and French, a number of African dialects are distributed (mainly Bantu groups). Half of the believers in the capital are Catholics, the rest are adherents of Islam and local traditional beliefs.
History of development
Yaoundé was founded in 1888 and for a long time was the center of the colonial administration of Germany. In 1916 during the First World War, troops of France, Britain and Belgium entered the city and occupied its territory. In 1919, Cameroon was divided into zones of influence of Britain and France, and in 1922, when the eastern regions of the country became part of the French protectorate, the city became the capital of French Cameroon. Important railways built during the German colonization passed through Yaounde. After the declaration of independence of the state in 1960, Yaounde received the status of the capital of Eastern Cameroon. In 1972, the city was declared the capital of the United Republic of Cameroon. In 1984, after the suppression of the coup attempt prepared by the troops of the northern part of the country, the Republic of Cameroon was proclaimed with its capital in Yaoundé. Subsequently, the city developed as part of the structural adjustment program of the economy; currently the main sectors of the economy are: cigarette, sugar and logging, and metallurgical industries.
Almost the entire territory of the capital is occupied by areas located along the main street - Kennedy Avenue, as well as on the hills adjacent to it. The famous temple building is the Paruisse de Njong Melen Church. In the center of Yaounde is a Benedictine monastery - one of the main attractions of the city. A little north of the monastery is the Cameroon Museum of Art. Its exposition contains rare examples of art from Cameroon and Western European countries. Of particular interest is the exposition of the Museum of Black Art. By visiting the Center for Crafts, you can get comprehensive information about the development of handicrafts and decorative and applied art of Cameroon. Since 1962, a university was opened in Yaoundé. There are other higher educational institutions in the city: the Higher Agricultural School, the Higher National Polytechnic School, the Higher Pedagogical School, and the National School of Administration. The largest public libraries are the National and University Library.