The Incagliahta complex is one of the main places that have preserved the spirit of the Inca settlement.
Incallajta literally translates to "Inca city." The totality of structures really constitute a small city. The complex has about 40 different buildings, which are fenced with a stone wall.
Most of the buildings were erected at the end of the 15th century. Initially, the total area of the settlement was 80 hectares. Later, the city was reconstructed and the area decreased to 67 hectares.
On the territory of the complex you can see military installations, defensive structures and residential structures.
Of particular interest is the Kalanka building - at the time of construction, it was the largest building with a roof, which rested on 24 columns.
In the distance from all the buildings, you can see the stone walls, made in the form of vertical stairs - this is an astronomical observatory of the ancient Incas.
The village of Inkalyahta is open for scientific research and tourist trips all year round.
Location: Incallajta, de Bolivia
Coordinates: N -17.60500000, east -65.41583300
Interesting places Cochabamba
The site contains attractions of Cochabamba - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Cochabamba, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Cochabamba.
Christ statue "Cristo de la Concordia"
Cristo de la Concordia is the highest statue of Christ in the Southern Hemisphere, 34.2 meters high. It is a symbol of the city of Cochabamba in Bolivia, located on Mount San Pedro in the eastern part of the city. The construction of the monument lasted 8 years and was completed in November 1994. Architects Cesar and Walter Terrasas Pardo actually made a copy of the famous statue of Christ in Rio de Janeiro, but exceeding it by almost 4.2 meters. Therefore, the Bolivian statue of Christ has long been considered the tallest statue in the world. Only in 2010, in Poland, in the city of Swiebodzin, on the border with Germany, an even higher statue of Jesus Christ, 35 meters high, was erected.
The height of the statue along with the pedestal is 40.4 meters, and, given the height of the mountain, the statue rises 256 meters above the city. There is a cable car to Mount San Pedro. To climb to the observation deck inside the statue made a staircase with 1399 steps. Above sea level, the monument rises to 2840 meters. The weight of the monument is 2200 tons.
Jorge Wilsterman International Airport
Jorge Wilsterman International Airport is located in Cochabamba at an altitude of 2548 meters above sea level. The airport serves international and domestic flights of three airlines, has 2 runways with a length of 3798 meters and 2649 meters. The airport in Cochabamba is one of three airports operated by the Bolivian company SABSA. The passenger traffic of the airport is about 700,000 people per year. There are flights from the airport to Buenos Aires and the cities of Bolivia - La Paz, Trinidad, Santa Cruz, Sucre and others.
The airport is 3 km from the city center, has a modern infrastructure for passenger service: several cafes and souvenir shops, a travel agency, ATMs and currency exchange, kiosks where you can buy local phone cards. Passengers are provided with 24-hour medical service, a VIP lounge, and Wi-Fi in all lounges.
Jorge Wilsterman - the first to qualify as a commercial pilot in Bolivia. He died at the age of 26 during the accident of the Cochabamba-Oruro plane.
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Saint Sebastian Cathedral
Saint Sebastian Cathedral is located on the main square on September 14 in Cochabamba. Nowadays, the existing cathedral was built at the beginning of the XVIII century on the site of the temple of the XVI century, from which only the East Gate has survived today. The building was recognized as a national monument of history and architecture on December 7, 1967.
The architectural composition of the cathedral is a mixture of eclectic style and baroque. According to the report of the governor of the city of Francisco Viedma in 1788, the longitudinal and transverse naves of the temple form a Latin cross, which is especially clearly visible from a bird's eye view.
The whiteness of the interior of the cathedral creates a feeling of airiness and saturation with light, the unusual ceiling painting is solemn and multicolored. In the cathedral you can see art paintings and sculptures, the gilded altar and grotto of Inmaculada - the Holy Virgin of the Immaculate Conception. In 1902, a giant clock was installed on the tower of the cathedral.
The most popular attractions in Cochabamba with descriptions and photos for every taste. Choose the best places to visit famous places of Cochabamba on our website.
Photo and description
Incagliakta (translated from Quechua - “the place of the Incas”) is a large city in the Andes since the Inca state Tauantinsuyu. Once it was the administrative-political and military center of one of the parts of the state - Kolasuy. And now it is an important archaeological site of Bolivia. The settlement is located at an altitude of 2950 m above sea level, 130 km from the city of Cochabamba.
In the 1470s, the city was founded by the Inca emperor Tupac Yupanqui as a fortress and settlement that served the military. In addition, it served as an outpost in campaigns of conquest. Incagliakta was the base in the wars with the Guarani tribes, however, the latter managed to defeat the Incas and burn the village.
Incagliakta actually turns into a city thanks to the activities of Sapa Inca Winey Kapaka, who not only restored the village, but also significantly rebuilt the city, ordering the construction of numerous buildings. At the same time, a significant number of settlers from the Quechua indigenous lands were moved here. At the same time, the emperor strengthened his defense against attacks by the Chirigua tribe. With the fall of the Inca state, the city was deserted, because at first the soldiers left here, and then the forcibly displaced people.
According to researchers, Incagliakta was an exact copy of the Inca capital of Cuzco. On the territory of this archaeological complex there are about 40 different buildings that are fenced with a stone wall. Most of the buildings were erected at the end of the 15th century. Initially, the total area of the settlement was 80 ha. Later the city was reconstructed, the area decreased to 67 hectares.
At one time, military installations were located here (a wall with 10 niches and 4 loopholes), defensive structures and residential structures, which are currently excavated and investigated by archaeologists.
In Incalyaht, the largest (for its time) indoor building of the Western Hemisphere was built - Kalanka (Assembly House). The rectangular building, erected around 1500, was 78 m long and 25 m wide, the roof was located on 24 huge columns that were 2 m across. The remains of the walls, according to scientists, make it possible to assume the height of the building, which was higher 12 m
In the western part of the city are located: a ritual platform in the form of a hexagonal gear structure, which was intended for calendar years and astronomical calculations, as well as the outer walls of the city.
In 2003, Incagliakt was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The historical significance of Inkalyahta
The fortress was built back in the 15th century, when the country was ruled by Inca Yupanka. The area of the settlement on which Inkalyahta was located was about 80 hectares. Under the next ruler, Wine Kapake, the village was reconstructed. Inkalyahta itself at that time served as a military fortress and a defensive line. It was also the political and administrative center of Kolasuyu.
Architectural features of the fortress
The main building of Inkalyahta is the Hookah building. The building, reaching a length of 25 m and a height of 78 m, during the time of pre-Columbian America was considered the largest building under the roof. Previously, the roof was supported by columns, which were 24. The diameter of the columns at their base reached 2 m. For a long time, the territory of Inkalyahta was abandoned, and the first excavations here were carried out by a group from the University of Pennsylvania under the direction of Lawrence Coben at the beginning of the 21st century.
How to get to the ruins?
From the Bolivian city of Cochabamba to the ruins of Incagliahta can be reached in two ways. The easiest: catch a taxi in the city. In this way, you will reach directly to the archaeological site. Two hours on an asphalt road will cost about $ 20. Another way: a walking tour as part of a tourist group. Tourists gather from nearby cities and follow to Inkalyahta. Such a walk costs about a lot cheaper, moreover, it will be more informative for you.