We arrived in Minsk separately - I hitchhiked, very successfully, and the guys - with transfers on trains and trains. How to get civilian ways from Moscow to Minsk, I described in a previous article. It is based on the experience of the guys. Moreover, the hitchhiking was faster, although the route to Minsk came out very confusing! In the morning I went to the Belarusian highway, and in the evening, as soon as it got dark, I rang the doorbell of Cyril, whose address was sent to me via SMS. Neither he knew me, nor I did him) Such a Couchsurfing based on word of mouth.
What to do, met, sat down to drink tea and wait for the guys! I remind you that by that time there were three of us, not counting the guitars and clarinet :) Ilyukha had long stayed in Krasnodar on business, and Anyuta straight from the capital went home to Omsk to study.
Cyril is one of the founders of the Papa Mogoy family center, in which he actively develops the ideas of conscious parenting and alternative education. We found a lot of common topics for communication), there was something to talk about.
It should be said many thanks to Roma Vysotsky, whom we met in Moscow a few days earlier. It was he who found us all, drew up a route to the sights of Minsk, arranged an excellent tour of the city center, showed interesting places in Minsk, and also talked about the pedestrian street of Karl Marx, where people walk on weekends and you can go outside for a walk.
Minsk as a whole leaves a pleasant impression of itself: it is clean on the streets, everywhere there are gas fields, flowers, a lot of parks, there is a metro (here I convey greetings to the Omsk authorities and metro builders!). Only sometimes it seems that time has stopped here. Here and there, Soviet symbols and Soviet architecture are found (which, incidentally, is also enough in Russia), there is practically no advertising on the streets. Frankly speaking, there are few people either. But after the anthill of Moscow, any city will be underpopulated =).
We were told that some time ago it was forbidden to clap your hands in the streets during public events! It’s just that in recent times peculiar silent events have become popular in Belarus, during which they do not shout slogans and do not carry banners, and the participants only applaud. The laws in the country are actually quite tough. And Alexander Lukashenko holds everything in his master's hands!
The Belarusians who drove me to the city are very proud of their own production in the country, especially MAZ vehicles. They laughed many times at the Russian auto industry (although they themselves rode the Volga ...), and generally expressed the view that their country is much more civilized than a large neighbor. In my reference to the devastation in the eastern part of Belarus, they replied that, they say, the influence of Russia, and they have more salaries and a calmer life. And last year Belarusian truckers described to us the exact opposite situation. How many people, so many opinions.
In Minsk, an unusually large number of second-hand stores, with clothes from Europe. And there are a lot of people in these stores. There is even a huge market for second-hand items, where I purchased an excellent waterproof bright orange windbreaker for ridiculous money by our standards - 80,000 bel. rubles or 300 rubles. The market is called "Zhdanovichi" - a very popular place among local residents.
Speaking of money. It is easy to become a millionaire in Belarus, in the sense that salaries are in millions. One Russian ruble is approximately 270 Belarusian. So in the market it’s difficult to handle all this pile of money out of habit.
Now I’ll tell you directly about the route to the sights of Minsk. Imagine that you are walking around the city with us.
If you walk along Independence Avenue from the center, you will meet pretty Botanical garden and park Chelyuskintsev. This is the largest plant biodiversity conservation center in the country, by the way!
The route to the sights of Minsk is easy to compose, everything is compactly located in the city center, you can easily get around on foot.
Square of victory, in the center of which a 38-meter granite obelisk is installed, was built in memory of Soviet soldiers during the Great Patriotic War.
We move on ... towards the center.
Opposite the Circus is located Square them. Y. Kupala and the river Svisloch. Previously, wooden buildings were located on this place, but in the early days of the war all this was destroyed. The photo also shows the Minsk TV tower - the tallest building in the city.
Independence Avenue - one of the main streets of Minsk, it is here that October Square and the Palace of the Republic are located - a strict building in the form of a sarcophagus.
The so-called “zero kilometer” is also located there - a small memorial sign. It shows the distances to all regional centers of the country, as well as to the capitals of neighboring states.
I really like the Belarusian language, as well as Ukrainian. Belarusians themselves say that their language is a mixture of Russian, Ukrainian and other East European languages. Next up is the bookstore.
The next Stalinist building - KGB building, rebuilt in 1945-47, when the rest of the city lay in ruins. Nearby is the Post Office building.
So we came to the very center of Minsk, on Independence Square. Here is the Government House, in front of which comrade Lenin flaunts.
Opposite is located perhaps the most famous attraction of Minsk - church of st. Simeon and Elena. Under the rule of the Bolsheviks, a movie theater settled here, and later a movie studio. And only recently, in 1990, the church was returned to its former status. The people call the "Red Church".
A service was just taking place inside the church, of course we went to see it. Under the benches, scaffolds are made so that you can kneel during prayer. Silence inside ... while we examined the interior and watched the process, the service was over. Then for the first time I saw and heard the confession chamber, or what to call it ... In general, a place where people pour out their soul to the holy father, and he calls to repent of sins.
Another interesting district of Minsk is Nemiga. The street is named after the river that once flowed in this place. Then the river was sent into pipes underground, but during heavy rains the water level rises and floods all the surrounding areas.
View of Nemiga from the Upper City. The Upper Town is a site of old buildings where you can see the Holy Spirit Cathedral, the complex of the Bernardine monastery, the Church of the Virgin Mary.
We go a little in the opposite direction, as if looping our route through the sights of Minsk. Very soon we are approaching Opera Housethat looks beautiful in the rays of the setting sun.
The already mentioned square to them. Y. Kupala is very close, we only approached him from the other side, along the promenade Svisloch River.
From here you can see the Ferris wheel in Gorky Park.
But the beautiful Svisloch, chained to concrete shores ...
This is how we saw Minsk at the very end of the summer, when every day the autumn makes itself felt stronger and stronger, and there are more and more yellow and orange colors on the street.
Come to the capital of Belarus, look at the interesting places of this city with your own eyes, make up your mind about everything, do not listen to others =).
Sights of Minsk route, photo, walk around the city
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What are the capitals of the world famous for? You know about the monument to Washington, the Eiffel Tower, the Leaning Tower of Pisa and other famous sights. But what do you know about Minsk? Here the Red Church, the library, the Trinity Suburb, and dozens of other places come to mind. Mini Country Team presents you top 20 sights of Minsk!
The first answer to the question “What to see in Minsk?” Will be the Upper Town. The historical center, the heart of the architectural ensemble of the city and the place from which you can reach anywhere in the capital, are all about the Upper Town. When you are in Nemiga, you will first of all see Freedom Square (under which, by the way, according to legend, there are underground passages connecting all the monasteries of Minsk), the city hall, the church of St. Cyril of Turov and much more. In addition to history buffs, the Upper Town attracts young people as well: festivals of cultures of Belarus and other countries of the world are regularly held here.
The red church is actually called the Church of Saints Simeon and Elena (the building received the local nickname due to the color of the facade). The legend of the most famous Catholic church in Minsk is very touching, and you will definitely be told more about it on an excursion to the Country Mini Museum. Now the church holds masses in Belarusian and Polish and can be visited as part of the tour. On Independence Square, where the Red Church is located, you can also stroll through the underground shopping center.
The diamond of knowledge - this is the name of the famous Minsk library for its unusual appearance by local standards - was built in 2006. At the entrance to the building, you are greeted by Francis Skorina, the first Belarus printer. Inside the library, 10 million copies are available to readers and ordinary tourists in the form of manuscripts, books, newspapers and other paper media. After relaxing in a cafe right in the heart rhombocuboctahedron (this is the name of the unusual figure in which the library is made) visit the observation platform at an altitude of 73 meters to see Minsk at a glance.
Do not know where to go with children in Minsk? Gorky Park is the most family-owned attraction in Minsk. 28 hectares of green spaces, water, metal structures (in the form of attractions and carcasses of street cafes), stone steps and laughter are presented to your attention. Gorky Park has existed since 1805. This is the most comfortable vacation spot for families and couples in love, meetings of sunsets and sunrises and walks along the promenade, for lovers of the smell of barbecue and popcorn.
If you want to visit interesting places in Minsk for people not like everyone, go to the back street on Komsomolskaya. A few years ago, everyone just passed this lane: behind the forged gate was an ordinary well-yard, more typical for St. Petersburg than for Minsk. But today, the Red Courtyard has become the object of attention of graffiti artists, and then hunters for interesting photographs and lovers of non-standard pastimes. Here is a couple of cafes with very specific names (as youBlue goat"?), Film and music evenings, creative meetings and other" not for everyone "events are held.
What would be so original and unusual to see in Minsk? "Vulica brazil"- a festival of graffiti culture," gave the city not only a couple of memorable evenings of music and South American culture. He left the residents a whole street dotted with incredibly vivid drawings: images of historical figures, animals, mysterious landscapes. In addition to a gorgeous backdrop for selfie lovers, Oktyabrskaya Street offers a bite to eat street food, listen to music in a local cafe and visit the gallery of modern art, which is called simply and concisely - “Ў».
Gate of Minsk
The twin towers - another iconic landmark of Minsk - can be seen as soon as you exit through the main entrance of the railway station to the street. These are two symmetrical buildings on 11 floors, built in 1952 in the style of Stalinist architecture, decorated with captured watches, the coat of arms of the BSSR and marble statues. It was from here that Independence Avenue was to begin. As a rule, this is the first attraction that all visitors take pictures of.
Opera and Ballet Theatre
Want to know where to go with your family in Minsk and relax culturally? This theater is a kind of monopolist from the world of art: the only opera house in Belarus and, concurrently, the largest in the country. Founded in 1933, it occupies an honorable place as an architectural monument and every day impresses passers-by with snow-white domes and columns, and visitors with a symphony orchestra, a children's choir, and performances by the opera and ballet troupe.
National Museum of Art
The classic attraction of Minsk, in which you will definitely stay for a few hours. Since 1939, the halls of the museum are replenished with the works of Aivazovsky, Repin, Khrutsky, Levitan and other art classics. Separate halls are devoted to the ancient history and mythology of different countries, they are each decorated in their own style, and the general fund of the museum is more than 27,000 exhibits.
If you ask the Minsker where you can have a cool rest and have a drink nearby, he will send you to Zybitskaya (even if you are at the other end of the city this moment). "Swell», As the locals call it, famous for its bars for every taste and color. Everything is served here: from simple shots to designer cocktails with Tabasco sauce. Each bar has its own atmosphere, music and menu, so one evening you definitely won’t close the column for studying the drinking culture of Minsk.
Where to go for a walk and where to get inspiration in Minsk? There is only one answer: Loshitsky park! This island of greenery on the city map is loved by everyone, without exception: families with children - for wide benches and beautiful views, athletes - for convenient tracks and bike rental. History connoisseurs come to the Lyubansky estate with its centuries-old transformation from an ordinary house into a conditional center of the park. Photographers here are looking for sunsets and landscapes. A quiet and comfortable neighborhood attracts tourists and residents of the city for a relaxing holiday.
Trinity and Rakovsky suburbs
We will return to the historical center of the city - Nemigu. Troitskoye and Rakovskoye suburbs are known to everyone from postcards of the city and textbooks: even in the lower grades on their pages children of Belarusian schools are greeted with images of this region. In addition to the architectural style (the foundations of some houses have reached the age of 400 years) and obvious sights, such as the Peter and Paul Church, the Museum of Art and the Literature Center, there are many authentic cafes and souvenir shops. And from here you can enjoy a wonderful view of the Svisloch embankment, where you can ride a boat and a catamaran.
Another interesting attraction and the greenest point of Minsk is by no means a park: the garden of the Academy of Sciences is proud of its collection of ornamental and economically useful plants. 15,000 species feel great in the created climatic conditions and delight visitors for many years. There are regular excursions for children and adults who can observe the flora of different climatic zones: from the taiga to the subtropics.
Museum of the Great Patriotic War
What to see in Minsk to plunge into history? Of course the museum! The building, which is extremely unusual for the museum, a dome-shaped building with “sunbeams” along the edge, opened in 2014 and has already managed to impress more than one tourist. 143 thousand exhibits, 10 halls devoted to different periods of the war, and the real square of memory under a glass roof, where the names of the heroes of the battles are inscribed in golden letters. The modern approach to conducting excursions and the multimedia equipment of the museum are perfectly combined with memorabilia of soldiers and found relics. At the entrance to the museum you can see the stela "Minsk is a hero city", And right behind it is Victory Park and the island of birds.
If the street with the same name conquers the hearts of modern youth, then the views of this square in Minsk are more traditional in terms of attractions. October Square is the largest in the country, and its history is associated with a lot of mysterious events: for example, here once stood a monument to Joseph Stalin, which was not just sawn, but walled directly under the square. There is also the Zero Kilometer, the Palaces of the Republic and the Trade Unions, and on New Year's Eve they put the main Christmas tree in Minsk.
Museum of Money
Tourists love good excursions and money (in terms of savings, of course). Well, why not combine these two points? Museum "Groshi", Of course, not the largest in the world, but the collection of coins, bonds, banknotes and bills here is really impressive. It’s not even necessary to study the history of Belarus separately: everything can be learned through the prism of money changing over centuries. And do not refuse to be accompanied by a guide: experienced and inspired people work here who will tell you a whole bunch of entertaining stories.
Do you want to have lunch, take a walk, listen to music and buy at the same time? You should walk along Independence Avenue. The longest street in Belarus is a real storehouse of everything that travelers love: history and modernity are literally inseparable here. The classic Stalinist empire in every building and lane, the most important points of the city, such as the Central Post Office, GUM, the Central Bookstore and, in contrast, bars, restaurants and cafes for every taste and budget. Begin your journey from Independence Square and onward to Victory Square itself. Believe me, there is something to see.
Square of victory
Minsk is a storehouse of historical sites and attractions, and in the center of the city is another significant place. "The feat of the people is immortal"- says the inscription on the houses around Victory Square. In honor of the valiant defense of Soviet soldiers, it was founded: now eternal flame burns here and capsules with the ground of the hero city, including Moscow, Kiev and many others, are laid. And the houses around the square are known for other reasons: in addition to a couple of cafes, here is the apartment of that same Lee Harvey Oswald.
Where to go in Minsk in search of healthy food and Belarusian color? Definitely on Komarovka. The main market of Minsk was founded in 1979, and from that moment on, all Minsk dwellers know: only here for fresh products. All days except Monday, of course. Although at the beginning of the week you can see something interesting here. Here is a whole collection: bronze statues: a lady with a dog, a grandmother with seeds, a photographer and others. By the way, a mobile menagerie was located in the building before the market, until a permanent place appeared at the Minsk Zoo.
So, we walked around the main attractions of Minsk, but what if we tell you that all this can be seen in less than 2 hours? The Museum of Miniatures is a unique place for Belarus, in which there are exact copies of the country's most famous places, reduced by tens and hundreds of times. As part of an unusual excursion to a non-standard museum, you will get acquainted with the history of the Brest Fortress, the Bolshoi Theater, uncover the secrets of castles and palaces in Belarus and much more. Ready to learn all in one visit?
Top 20 sights of Minsk: the capital of history
There are so many historic buildings, unusual museums, parks, authentic cafes and just streets in Minsk that you just won’t be able to see everything in one day. And although the Mini Country team will be able to introduce you to many of Minsk's sights in one sitting, you will have to search for the rest, including unique streets and houses.
View miniatures of famous Belarusian sights with the help of the Mini Country guides on iOS and Android, or get a tour right on the spot, and then go conquer the most interesting places in Minsk and the whole country.
The tourist sightseeing route can be started by visiting the main part of the city. Its main infrastructure is concentrated here, you can see many architectural structures. Minsk is rich not only in beautiful buildings and historical monuments. Due to the large number of park areas, lush landscaping, you can enjoy walks in nature. For example, you can take a walk along the embankment of the Svisloch River, where everything is adapted for a pleasant walk. The streets can boast of their cleanliness, so even in the most populous part you can enjoy walking along the alleys and the promenade in the fresh air.
You can find many attractive addresses in the center, but in order to get the most complete impression of the city, you should start the tourist route from Independence Avenue.
Yakub Kolas Square
In 1972, a monument was erected to one of the most famous and revered folk writers of Belarus Yakub Kolas in the square named after him.
It consists of three parts: a sculpture depicting the poet himself and two other sculptures depicting the figures of his literary heroes.
In the square in the square grow birch and blue spruce. Thanks to this, the architectural monument and square look excellent both in winter and in summer.
Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary
One of the most beautiful buildings on Freedom Square is the Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The cathedral was erected in the 18th century in the Baroque style characteristic of that era. After the war, he lost the status of a religious shrine and was used for various worldly purposes, but at the end of the 20th century the cathedral was reconstructed and consecrated.
Now its external and internal design perfectly recreates the atmosphere of the Baroque era. The cathedral is one of the most beautiful buildings in the capital.
On the map of Minsk, sights can be found both in the center and on the outskirts of the city and its environs.
After sightseeing in the central regions, it is worth paying due attention to old Minsk. It is here that you can see the ancient architecture, walk along the old streets and immerse yourself in the atmosphere of the Belarusian traditions of the past.
The heart of the old city can rightly be considered the Trinity Suburb. Here, the atmosphere and spirit of the XIX century are perfectly preserved. Cozy cobblestone streets are rich in historical monuments. In old Minsk there are a large number of cozy restaurants, shops and cafes where you can order national dishes, buy souvenirs and just immerse yourself in the atmosphere of antiquity.
It also houses one of the most significant cultural buildings - the Bolshoi Opera and Ballet Theater.
Parks and squares
At the disposal of residents and guests of Minsk there is a huge variety of squares and alleys, fully equipped for a comfortable stay. You can have a wonderful time in them, just walking, having fun, playing sports, participating in excursions. Among the variety, the following most significant and popular parks can be distinguished:
- Square "Trinity Mountain". The most beautiful square of Trinity suburb. It is here, in the center of the square, the Bolshoi Opera and Ballet Theater is located. The square is equipped with fountains, cozy walkways. All kinds of vegetation grows around, beautiful lanterns and sculptures are installed.
- Gorky Park. Gorky Central Children's Park is located in the city center near Victory Square. It occupies almost thirty hectares of area. The park is a real monument of landscape gardening art. Century trees and rare plants grow on its territory. The park has attractions, there are many attractions for adults and children.
- Victory Park. The park occupies about 150 hectares of land and water. The picturesque nature of Komsomolsky Lake, the Bird Island Natural Reserve and Komsomolsky Island are harmoniously combined with the developed infrastructure of the park. There are beaches, sports fields, the park is perfect for outdoor activities and entertainment, as well as for hiking.
- Park Kurasovshchina and the ski center "Sunny Valley". A great place for walking, recreation and active pastime at any time of the year. In summer you can visit the well-maintained beaches, and in winter a ski center. Even fairly warm winters allow you to enjoy skiing due to the fact that the park is equipped with installations for artificial snow cover of slopes.
- Central Botanical Garden National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. The garden is of particular importance and significance for the whole country. A huge number of beautiful plants from around the world are gathered in the greenhouses of the garden. In a pond in the garden, aquatic plants are grown. The territory is equipped for a comfortable stay, arbors, benches are installed. The garden is open to visitors all year round; tours for adults and children can be booked.
The outskirts of Minsk deserve no less attention than the city itself. Here you can visit attractions such as museum complexes, relax in nature. Interesting projects among travelers are no less popular than masterpieces of building art and natural landscapes.
The open-air museum complex in vivo preserves many historical exhibits. The world of ancient crafts and technologies, ancient household items and even national dishes that can be tasted open for visitors.
A fascinating journey through the complex will not leave indifferent neither adults nor children.
The Zaslavsky reservoir for its scale is called the Minsk Sea. This is a great place to spend any company. The reservoir is located near Minsk and is at the same time a picturesque corner of nature and a terrain with developed infrastructure.
The pond is great for summer and winter fishing. The infrastructure is developed for the convenience of vacationers: you can ride a boat, visit a cafe, cozy public gardens, have fun and just have a good rest.
Museum of Aviation Engineering
An interesting open-air museum. Here are more than thirty different models of aircraft and helicopters. The exposition can not only be viewed, but also entered inside any exhibit, sit in it, consider all the internal details of aircraft.
Both children and adults can get a lot of impressions by sitting in the pilot's seat and examining in detail the technique and design of the flying devices.
Museum of Boulders
Very unusual and peculiar composition in a park recreation area. It is a map of Belarus, on which the main cities are marked with boulders, the rivers and main roads are marked with paths. The stones that make up the composition were brought from the regions of the country that they designate. Also, with the help of artificial elevations and depressions, the terrain is recreated.
Where to relax with children?
The city is well suited for family spending. All conditions for a fascinating and informative leisure are created here.
Perhaps one of the most exciting trips for the child will be the children's railway. 4 kilometers of railway tracks with small wagons, which are miniature copies of real trains. These trains are operated by students of the school of young drivers.
You can also visit the zoo or take the children to a performance at the Belarusian State Circus.
The Nemo Dolphinarium operates in Minsk, where you can see spectacular shows, listen to informative lectures on the behavior and physiology of marine animals, and swim with dolphins under the supervision of an instructor.
In the center of oceanography "Open Ocean", visitors will find five rooms, each of which is dedicated to one of the oceans of the planet. Here you can see representatives of marine fauna from around the world.
Choosing the best route
Depending on what time of the year the trip takes place, you can choose different places to visit. In summer and autumn, the most picturesque alleys and squares, many of which are also beautiful in winter. In cold weather, you can walk along the picturesque streets or visit the ski center.
A variety of excursions can be held in interesting places of Minsk, participating in which you can familiarize yourself with the history and culture of the area, walk through the most significant places of the capital. If you are interested in the question of what you can see in Minsk on your own, you can easily find a lot of interesting places that you can visit without guides. To do this, walks or trips by public or private transport are suitable.
If desired, you can view photos describing the sights of Minsk and its environs, choose the most interesting and picturesque places.
Navigate in Minsk is not difficult. All major attractions are easily accessible by metro or bus. The suburbs can be reached by train. Many metro stations and public transport stops have the same name with cultural monuments and attractions, which will also help you navigate the route and easily reach the desired address.
What to see in Minsk. Where to go
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Sights of Minsk and its environs
Staying in Minsk is very convenient, because you can get out of it for almost any region of the country for a day. Sights of Minsk suburbs are mostly accessible for independent tourists: there is a bus service with the suburbs, and there are flights during the day.
The roads chosen by travelers inevitably lead to sad monuments of military history: to the "Mound of Glory" on the 21st km of the M2 highway and the Khatyn memorial complex, created in memory of hundreds of Belarusian villages destroyed during the Great Patriotic War.
The exposition of the museum complex “Dudutki”, which is located 40 kilometers from the capital, is dedicated to Belarusian culture and folk crafts. On its rather vast territory there are workshops, a poultry yard, a playground, souvenir shops. During festivities, festivities and even theatrical performances are certainly held here.
You can include a trip to the Museum of Aviation Technology in the village of Borovaya in the tourist route for the sights of Minsk. Since it is outdoors, choose clear weather.
It will be interesting and tireless for half a day to go to the museum-castle in Nesvizh or Mir or even dare to take a one-day excursion to the Brest Fortress, on the way visiting the Belovezhskaya Pushcha Reserve.
What to see in Minsk in 1 day
The only day in Minsk is a walk through the city center, along Independence Avenue and wide squares, the Trinity Suburb, with an overview of the sights and buying souvenirs at TSUM. In order not to walk with luggage, you should immediately pass it into the left luggage room of the railway station - the prices for this service are surprisingly low.
If your stay in Minsk is limited to several hours (for those who are in transit in the city), it will be convenient to order a sightseeing tour of Minsk from local guides - such routes allow you to see the main attractions of the center in 3-4 hours. Search for similar offers - on the website Experts.Turister.ru.
An indispensable point of a one-day express acquaintance with the city is the ascent to the observation platform. There are several such “high-rise” places in Minsk, but the site of the National Library is the most famous and popular. Alternative points to take a look at the city are the observation deck on the 22nd floor of the Belarus Hotel, the panoramic restaurant The View at an altitude of 100 meters and the classic Ferris wheel in Gorky Park.
What to see in Minsk in 2 days
For a two-day trip to Minsk, the ideal end to the first day full of walks can be a good theater performance or a circus performance - there are always a lot of events in the city poster.
On the second day, tourists will have to cover the remaining key attractions from their own list, prioritizing. You can set aside time for individual museums, for example, the Military History and the Art Museum, relax in the Botanical Garden and the Chelyuskintsev Park nearest to it, and visit military monuments and memorials in Minsk.
A non-standard mini-route of the second day - a walk along Oktyabrskaya Street, ten minutes walk from the city center. This street is known as the largest street art space in Minsk, the heart of vibrant urban art.
Bolshoi Opera and Ballet Theater of the Republic of Belarus © Anna Kudryavtseva
What to see in Minsk in 3 days
A three-day stay in Minsk conveniently fits a walking tour of the center and city parks, visits to memorable places, a bicycle route along the banks of the Nemiga, entertainment for children and shopping.
Often, tourists prefer to devote one of the days of an out-of-town excursion: to independently go to Mir Castle (it is closest to the capital - about 90-100 km) or even manage to combine an excursion to Nesvizh Castle with it (another 30 km from the World). A significant suburban route is a trip to the memorial complexes Kurgan of Glory and Khatyn.
Where to go in Minsk for the weekend
Over the weekend in Minsk, it will be possible to compose a very dense tourist and entertainment route, having studied the city poster and noting the sights along the way.
On Saturday and Sunday, most museum and private workshops are held on clay modeling, soap making, dancing and other events interesting as a family holiday.
On Friday and Saturday evenings in Minsk it will be possible to plan a trip to a concert or a premiere performance in one of the theaters, but tickets for such events must be bought in advance.
Finally, on weekends, outdoor recreation is especially relevant: in Minsk there are many parks with shady walking paths and attractions. For example, in the Loshitsky park you can see the manor complex, take a picture on an island surrounded by ducks, ride a bike and spend time with children in a wooden town.
Where to go with a child in Minsk: attractions and entertainment
Minsk is a very clean and spacious city where families with children can rest comfortably: it will be possible to paint a busy route for several days at once.
The first day you can traditionally start with a walk along Independence Avenue, but shorten the route to Gorky Park and the Minsk Planetarium located on its territory. In the summer season, when all the attractions work in the park, this will be enough for the first day.
The next day, in addition to exploring the main attractions, you can plan a visit to the Botanical Garden (pay attention to its specific work schedule) and rest in the Chelyuskintsev park, and in the evening see a performance in the Minsk Circus.
The National Library of Belarus will become perhaps the most memorable and by no means a boring object of the children's program. It will be interesting to visit her observation deck on any day of rest in Minsk. And if you have already had enough time to walk around Independence Avenue, it will be doubly curious to look at already familiar places from a height, simultaneously recognizing and naming the sights of Minsk seen. The building has a Museum of books, temporary exhibitions, and near the library you can ride a Segway.
In the hot season, a full-day holiday option is to visit the Lebyazhy water park on the outskirts of the city. An additional bonus to water rides is the picturesque nature of the biological reserve.
At the opposite end of the city are the Minsk Zoo and the Dolphinarium, where theatrical shows and thematic events are often held.
In general, there are a lot of options for families with children: you can see a poster and choose children's performances - there are certainly several times a week, go to one of the parks (and in Minsk there are many, and they are all wonderful) and rent a bike to ride all day along the smooth bike paths of the park or along the river Svisloch.
Catholic church of St. Simeon and St. Helena
Catholic church of St. Simeon and St. Helena
This red brick Catholic church is often called the “Red Church”. In honor of Saints Simeon and Helena, he was named for a reason, and in memory of the two children who died early, Edward Voinilovich, who donated a large sum to the construction of the church and led the process.
The church was erected from 1905 to 1910. During its existence, it ceased several times and again resumed work. In some periods, it housed either a theater, a film studio, or a museum. In the post-war period, there was a risk that the building would be demolished, but this was avoided. The church was reconstructed and underwent a small reconstruction, today it fully operates and is included in the list of historical and cultural values of Belarus.
The building, which now houses the Gorky Theater, was a choral synagogue before the revolution. However, starting from the 1920s, at different times it was used as the National Jewish Theater, the house of culture, a cinema, and a venue for official events. The house was transferred to the Gorky Theater in the post-war period.
However, the activity of the Russian drama theater itself began back in 1932 in Bobruisk. In 1940, it was decided to transfer it to Minsk, but the war began, and the theater’s base was moved to Moscow, then to Mogilev, Grodno. Only in 1947 the theater finally ended up in Minsk. For a long time, most of his repertoire was made by Russian classics, however today you can see modern productions here.
Opposite the Gorky Theater is the legendary 4-star hotel Minsk:
- Hotel Minsk. Rating - 8.7 based on 4,069 reviews. The price is 65 euros.
For over 200 years Pishchalovsky Castle has been serving as a city prison. It was built in 1825 on Romanovsky Hill, which at that time was on the outskirts of Minsk. Today it is almost the center of the city. The first prisoners were the participants in the uprising of 1831.
Despite the 200-year history of its existence, the castle almost completely retained its original appearance, it has never been rebuilt or repaired. However, the condition of the building is deteriorating, and now the question is about moving the prison to a new place.
Archcathedral Church of the Virgin Mary
Archcathedral Church of the Virgin Mary
The Archcathedral, also known as the “Jesuit Church,” was built in 1700-1710, but initially it did not look like it is today. For several decades after the opening and consecration of the temple was completed, in 1732 the work on two towers was completed. However, after that, restoration work and perestroika were carried out more than once in the church. For example, in 1951 it was decided to close the church, and demolish the towers. Those towers that we see today are the result of a thorough reconstruction of the 1990-2000s. Today the church operates and is the main Catholic church of the city and a monument of architecture.
Minsk City Hall
Minsk City Hall
The City Hall is a symbol of Minsk receiving Magdeburg Law. The building that you will see today is a copy built in 2002-2004, but it is located in a historically reliable place. For various reasons, the town hall was rebuilt several times, and in 1857 it was completely demolished so that the main square of the city could be expanded.
Today the town hall is not only an administrative building, it is an important historical and cultural place in Minsk. Inside there are guided tours (there are two permanent exhibits), and special events, nearby on the street are music evenings.
Minsk Gostiny Dvor
Minsk Gostiny Dvor
Gostiny Dvor in Minsk is a complex of several low buildings, founded in the 16th century as a trading place for visitors and local merchants, although the oldest buildings that can be seen now date back to the 18th century. However, there were not always shopping malls and restaurants: at different times, the Gostiny Dvor housed a bank, a hospital, a theater, the executive committee was located here in the 1920s and 1930s, and meetings later took place. Today it is a significant part of the architectural complex of the Upper City.
Cathedral of the Descent of the Holy Spirit
Cathedral of the Descent of the Holy Spirit
In the 1630s, a Bernardine monastery was located on the site of the cathedral. It was wooden and burned out in the middle of the 18th century. The monastery was moved to Nesvizh, and the building was reconstructed. The church became an Orthodox church, operated until 1922 and was closed with the advent of Soviet power. During the war, the church was reopened and did not cease its activities. Today, services are regularly held in the Cathedral of the Descent of the Holy Spirit, many valuable icons are stored here, among them the Miraculous Icon of the Mother of God, which has been located in Minsk since 1500.
Bernardine Monastery was founded in 1624, but 20 years later the entire complex burned down. It was rebuilt again only in 1652. In 1863 the temple was closed, as among the participants in the Polish uprising were its parishioners. Since then, the temple was not used for its intended purpose, but was transferred to the state under the archive.
Now there is a hotel complex in the building, however, during the reconstruction many historical information about the interiors of the monastery was taken into account. Therefore, even today the floors in it are tiled with a unique shape, on the walls you can see the ennobled parts of the frescoes, etc.
St. Peter and Paul Cathedral
Peter and Paul Cathedral was founded in 1612 with donations, after several times it was rebuilt and restored, in 1870 a rich painting was made inside. The temple operated until 1933, and then during the war, but after it was again closed and transferred to the state under archives.
A new phase of the cathedral's activities began in 1991, services were resumed. They are held to this day, and the temple itself is included in the list of historical and cultural values of Belarus
This ancient district is one of the most recognizable symbols of Minsk. Cottages of pastel colors with tiled roofs on the banks of the Svisloch can often be seen on postcards and souvenirs. There are several versions of the origin of the name, but most likely it is associated with the Trinity Church or the Church of the Holy Trinity.
In the 12-13th century there were wooden buildings. The suburb was the main trading place of the city, which later became the Trinity Market. Over the following centuries, the area was badly damaged twice. The first time - at the beginning of the 19th century, the reason was a big fire, after which the buildings were built in stone. After, in the middle of the 20th century, a significant part was again destroyed, but in the 80s a complete reconstruction was carried out. Nevertheless, today you can see here the buildings of the beginning of the 19th century, look into antique shops and coffee houses, and feel the atmosphere of the old city.
For those who wish to stay in the heart of the Old Town, we suggest you look at these housing options:
- Hostel Trinity. Rating - 8.6 based on 984 reviews. The price is 10 euros.
- Apartments on Storozhevskaya. Rating - 9.3 based on 115 reviews. The price is 25 euros.
Island of tears
The Island of Tears (or the Island of Courage and Sorrow) is a memorial complex on the Svisloch River dedicated to those who died during the war in Afghanistan. It was officially opened in 1996, it took 8 years to create it. You can get to the island by the bridge, next to which you will see a stone with a bronze icon of the Mother of God. Also on the island is a chapel-monument, on which are written more than 700 names of the dead, and a sculpture of a crying guardian angel. Today the island is a place of memory of all those Belarusians who died in battles away from their homeland.
The Yama memorial was founded on the site of the Minsk ghetto in memory of 5,000 Jews killed on March 2, 1942. All work was carried out exclusively by hand, without excavation. For a long time it was the only memorial in the USSR dedicated to the victims of the Holocaust.
The obelisk, installed in 1947, has an inscription in Yiddish (despite the permission to use Yiddish, and not Russian, the creators of the monument were later arrested). In 2000, a sculptural composition called “The Last Way” was added to the complex. A visit to this place is in memory of the victims and of those who, due to their capabilities, tried to protect them.
This is the oldest cemetery in Minsk, it was founded in 1808 and until the 1830s was exclusively Catholic. On the territory of the cemetery is the Calvary Church, which operated until 1930, and then resumed work in 1980.
In the 1960s, the cemetery was saved from demolition, which was planned in connection with the construction of a new road, and since 1967 it has been closed to new graves. Here are buried soldiers who died in the First World War, the Soviet-Polish and Great Patriotic War, about 3,000 Jews from the Minsk ghetto, cultural figures and others.
House of Vankovichi
The Vankovich house was built at the end of the 18th century; several generations of the family lived here. Visitors will be able to learn a lot about the life of people of the past and the century before last thanks to archival photographs and objects: the atmosphere of several rooms and the outbuilding have been restored.
In 2000, on the occasion of the 200th anniversary of the artist Valentin Vankovich, in addition to the historical exposition, a branch of the National Art Museum was opened here. The house also hosts musical evenings.
Here is the hotel, which is very popular among visitors to the city. Here he is:
- Hotel "Monastic Minsk" 3 *. Rating - 8.9 based on 1,408 reviews. The price is 55 euros.
Church of St. Roch
Church of St. Roch
The Church of St. Roch (or, as it is also called, the Church of the Holy Trinity) was built in 1861–1864. Prior to this, the community of the Holy Trinity acted in a church on Trinity Mountain, but it was wooden and was completely destroyed twice by fires. The current temple was built instead of the old chapel in the cemetery on the Golden Hill and until the 1930s. had a rather rich decoration.
In the post-war period, the church was not used for its intended purpose, and in 1980 it was transferred to the Philharmonic. Until now, many Minskers know the temple as a venue for impressive concerts of chamber and organ music. Since 1991, services have resumed in the church, and in 2006 he was again fully returned to the parish of the Most Holy Trinity.
Parish of Prince Alexander Nevsky
Parish of Prince Alexander Nevsky
The parish was built at the end of the 19th century in memory of those killed during the Russo-Turkish war, funds for the construction were donated by the military and relatives of the soldiers. In 1915, the church passed to the diocese and the state. Like many other churches, it was closed in 1938, again services began to be held only in 1941. An interesting fact about the temple is that it practically did not suffer during the hostilities, although it came under bombardment. One of the bombs even pierced the roof, but, once inside, did not burst.
In the 1960s, there were plans to close and reorganize the church, but this was prevented, since then services have been regularly carried out here.In 1985, the parish was restored, today there is also a Sunday school, baptismal rites and conversations with parishioners are held.
Manor of Vankovichi
The estate was built in the 16th century, and at that time it was still made of wood - in stone it was rebuilt only in the 19th century. Her story is quite rich. Initially, the building belonged to the Radziwills, who after sold it to the Vankovichi, cultural figures often visited here. In the 1920s, the estate was transferred to the state, at different times there was an administrative building, a research institute, a club, etc. However, since the 1980s it has been a monument of history and culture of republican significance.
From 2011 to 2013, a large-scale and high-quality reconstruction was carried out in the building: most of the interiors are decorated in accordance with historical data. It was possible to restore even the part of the house that was in disrepair. Today there is an expensive restaurant "Manor".
The zoo was opened in 1984 as the zoo of one of the plants. Only in 1997 did it become a separate state zoo. Since 1998, reconstruction has been carried out here, which took place in stages and was completed only after 10 years. Today, more than 400 species of animals are represented here, 226 of which are listed in the Red Book.
In the Minsk Zoo you can spend several hours, it will be interesting for both adults and children. There are not only standard enclosures with animals, but also a terrarium, aquarium, dolphinarium and exotarium, a small part of the territory is reserved for a contact zoo.
Dinopark is a great place for leisure with children. You will see figures of dinosaurs on a 1: 1 scale and you can briefly feel like a traveler to the prehistoric world. The figures look quite realistic: they move and are equipped with sound. The most curious visitors can book a guided tour.
Loshitsky estate and park complex
Loshitsky estate and park complex
Loshitsky Park occupies a rather large area and is known for its linden alley, along which the Belarusian writer and playwright Dunin-Martsinkevich once walked. Also in the park there is an estate of the 18th century and even its legends and ghosts. The history of the park itself also begins in the 18th century, when Count Prushinsky was engaged in its arrangement.
Many types of plants grow in the park, there are exotic ones among them - one of the estate owners was engaged in their breeding. In Loshitsky Park it is pleasant to walk at any time of the year, although it is especially good here in summer. You can walk by the pond, relax in the gazebo, look into the estate and look at other buildings, which, unfortunately, have not yet been reconstructed. The park also hosts cultural events and festivals.
The Pruszinski Manor is located in Loshitsky Park, in 2014 it was completely renovated. Not only were the basic structures updated, but various architectural elements and decorations were restored.
Today it is an architectural monument of the 18-19th centuries; the house houses a museum. Here you can see examples of interiors of the late 18th - early 20th centuries, learn interesting facts about the Loshitsky estate and park complex, get acquainted with works of art from the funds of historical and art museums, etc. Also, exhibitions are held in the estate and outbuilding.
This is perhaps the most mysterious Minsk estate, since the history of its origin is still not known for certain. It was built in the second half of the 19th century, but as for the one who was its first owner, opinions differ. Since 1900, the center of Belarusian folklore has been located in Belaya Dacha, but today the building is empty. The estate was restored and put up for auction, but so far there is no news about its future use.
Minsk children's railway
Minsk children's railway
This is a real railway, which differs from the main one only in the gauge and age of the “workers,” or rather, students. Since 1955, it is a full-fledged complex, which includes the functions of both the railway and vocational training institutions.
The route is about 4 km. From May 1 until the last Sunday of September, trains leave the station regularly (on Sundays and public holidays in May and September, daily, except Mondays and Tuesdays, in the summer). Please note that trains leave at around 4 p.m., so it’s worthwhile to calculate the time to visit previous attractions.
By children's rail you can reach the stopping point “Sosnovy Bor”, take a walk in the fresh air and return to the city to continue our tour of Minsk.
The Botanical Garden in Minsk is one of the largest botanical gardens in Europe. It is recognized as a monument of nature and landscape architecture, there is a scientific activity. In 2007, a greenhouse was opened, there is also a lake.
The territory of the botanical garden is conveniently zoned, there are maps, so it is difficult to get lost or miss something here. At different times of the year, you can see the flowering of various plants, a pharmacy garden and much more.
Fans of unusual museums and excursions may be interested in the Alivaria Museum. It is located in the factory of the same name, and a historical tour with tasting takes place along the old part of the existing production. You can also order excursions without access to the production facilities: “Style Guide”, “Aroma Guide” and “Brewing Course”.
House with a spire
This elegant house is part of a complex of buildings on the street. Communist, built in the neoclassical style in the 1950s for officer families - next to the Ministry of Defense, which was formerly called the Belarusian Military District. The whole communist street has a special atmosphere of the past era.
The building has several features. For example, the stucco molding here is not gypsum, but concrete - that is why it is so well preserved to this day, and the spire with a star and laurel branches was made in Moscow (the height from the ground to the top of the spire is almost 43 meters). By the way, at one time there was a reconnaissance point in the tower, but today it is just one of the architectural sights of the city.
The Minsk planetarium was opened in 1965, at which time space exploration became increasingly popular. The building is located at the highest point in the park. Gorky, here is an observatory.
In the planetarium, you can watch unusual spherical films for children and adults. Since 2013, after a technical update, the proposed films have reached a new level and are popular. The schedule of films can be found in advance on the planetarium website. Also, open door days, lectures on astronomy and astronautics are periodically held here, on some unusual astronomical events you can visit the observatory for free.
"Country Mini" Museum of Architectural Miniatures
"Country Mini" Museum of Architectural Miniatures
This private museum was opened recently, in 2016, but it definitely deserves your attention. Here you will see architectural miniatures, you can see from all angles both the main and less well-known sights of Belarus. During the inspection of miniatures, you can take an audio guide, or you can use the services of a guide.
In addition to the exposition, the museum has an event-space, a souvenir shop, a recreation area and a children's creative studio.
Yanka Kupala Theater
Yanka Kupala Theater
The building of the theater (then provincial) was opened in 1890, however it was the Kupalovsky Theater that began to operate in 1920 and already in 1921 received the title of academic. The theater’s repertoire periodically included productions based on the works of progressive contemporaries. One of the performances - "Paўlіnka" by Yanka Kupala - was first shown back in 1944, you can watch it to this day.
Today, the Yanka Kupala Theater is one of the key and modern cultural institutions of the capital. A barrier-free environment for people with disabilities is organized here, there is infrastructure in the form of a coffee shop, a buffet and a souvenir shop. The theater hosts productions of various genres, so that everyone will find something to their liking.
The Cat Museum is not an ordinary and, rather, an interactive museum with lively purring exhibits. Here you can "chat" with friendly cats and cats, sit in a kotokafe, play games. Also presented here are works of art (of course, related to cats) and the work of museum visitors, exhibitions are periodically held.
Most of the cats in the museum used to be homeless, they were given help, and now they are either constantly in the museum, or after a while they are sent to the new owners (with whom a preliminary interview is conducted). Museum staff also help homeless animals: part of the proceeds from the sale of tickets goes to charity, there is a catalog of animals looking for a new home.
Bolshoi Theater of Belarus
Bolshoi Theater of Belarus
The construction of the modern theater building began in the 1930s, before that, activities were carried out on the basis of the Belarusian Drama Theater. In 1940, the Opera and Ballet Theater received the title of Bolshoi, and after 24 years - the academic. At the beginning of World War II, the building was badly damaged: the auditorium was almost completely destroyed, and the decoration was looted, but after the liberation of Minsk, a large-scale reconstruction began. The second reconstruction took place recently and was completed in 2009.
Over the 80-year history of the theater, about 20 thousand performances, including more than 200 premieres, have passed on its stage. Nearby is a park and square, there is a large fountain and many interesting sculptures. For example, go around the building and you will see silhouettes of ballerinas resting near the service entrance. It’s good to come here and just take a walk, but if you manage to get tickets for any production, be sure to take this opportunity.
You might think that this is the most ordinary park, and the arrangement of stones and plantings is arbitrary, but it's not so simple. This park is a projection of the Republic of Belarus on a scale of 1: 2000 in width and 1: 100 in height. Shrubs indicate boundaries, clusters of stones - settlements, and paths - rivers. You will also see the Cross of Stephen Batory, stones in the form of millstones and many other interesting natural exhibits.
This peculiar geographical museum was created not so long ago - in 1985 - at the initiative of Belarusian academics. The territory was swampy, so it had to be drained. Some of the stones were already in place of the current museum, but most of them had to be brought. Already in 1989, the park became a natural monument of national importance. It is good to stroll away from city noise and feel the unity with nature.
In this forest tract not far from the border of Minsk there is a mass grave of executed victims of political repressions of the 30-40s of the last century. The exact number of deaths has not been established, according to various estimates, it ranges from 30 to 250 thousand. In 1994, Bill Clinton visited the tract, and other politicians came here.
About what is located on the territory of Kurapat, it became known only in 1988, after which an investigation began. Today, this national memorial is included in the list of historical and cultural values of Belarus, and gatherings and prayers are regularly held here for Belarus and for victims of political repressions. Direct transport does not work to Kurapat, but the journey from the nearest stop will take no more than 15 minutes.
Dudutki is a museum complex, operating since 1994, in which you can learn more about ancient folk crafts. The first mention of Dudutki dates back to the 11th century, however, more accurate information about the estate, its owners and their activities include the period from the beginning of the 17th century.
In Dudutki you can take a walk on your own, or you can take a tour and explore the estate, mill, workshops, cheese factory and other places of this museum in the open. At the same time, people come here not only for visiting the museum, but also just to relax. Also in Dudutki, holidays and thematic events are held.
Museum of Folk Architecture and Life
Museum of Folk Architecture and Life
This is another open-air museum, work on it began in 1976. At that time, the improvement of cities and villages was actively underway, and there was a threat of the gradual disappearance of wooden architecture monuments and the cultural characteristics of small towns. To create the museum, scientific expeditions were conducted across the country, historians and other specialists studied life in different regions of Belarus in order to accurately convey their flavor.
The museum has 3 main expositions: "Central Belarus", "Dnieper" and "Lakeland", you can use the services of a guide. Ritual and traditional holidays are also held on the territory of the museum, and outdoor enthusiasts can go on an air walk.
This architectural complex of 16-20 centuries is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The construction of the Mir Castle began in 1520, and not only the aesthetic, but also the defensive qualities of the structure were taken into account, which helped him survive several wars without significant reconstructions and reconstructions. That castle, which you will see, looked almost the same several centuries ago.
The castle was owned by the Radziwills, Wittgenstein, then Svyatopolk-Mirsky, and after them the structure passed into the ownership of the state and since 2011 it has become a museum. During the tour you can see the exposition not only in the halls, but also in the towers. And if you decide not to leave that day, but to stay longer, there is a hotel in the castle.
Those who like measured travels, we recommend staying overnight in the World. Here are some great options for hotels and estates:
- Hotel "Mir Posad" 3 *. Rating - 9.2 based on 256 reviews. The price is 35 euros.
- The estate "Castle suburb." Rating - 9.0 based on 272 reviews. The price is 15 euros.
The second popular Belarusian castle on the UNESCO list is Nesvizh, an architectural monument of the 16-18th centuries. It was built by the Radziwills in the late 16th century on the site of an old wooden castle and at the time of construction was the most fortified in the country. In its appearance, you will notice a mixture of different architectural styles and a desire for symmetry.
During its existence, the castle fell into decay several times and was restored again. In 2002, there was a fire in it, and significant repairs were required, which took 10 years. But since then, the castle has been confidently holding on to the top positions in the list of the most popular attractions in Belarus. Indeed, in addition to the building itself and beautiful interiors, there are several parks with which many stories are associated, and the whole complex is striking in its scale and ability to come into contact with the life of the nobility of the 16-19 centuries.
Nesvizh also has several excellent overnight options, within walking distance of the castle:
- Agriturismo Nesvizh. Rating - 8.6 based on 296 reviews. The price is 20 euros.
- The estate "Tsarskoye Selo". Rating - 9.5 based on 92 reviews. The price is 18 euros.
Sights of Minsk on the map
Having familiarized yourself with the above route, you can go through it all in order, adjust or select the most interesting places for you to visit them in the first place. In any case, a map can be useful to you, on which we marked all the sights of Minsk, which were described in this article.
Now you are a little familiar with the main sights of Minsk and, if you wish, you can adjust the route we proposed in accordance with your preferences.
Sincerely, BlogTravel authors Vitaliy and Anna!