Photo: Barcomi's Deli
American Cynthia Barkomi has been serving the breakfast in Berlin since 1994: here are the best coffee, yoghurts and pastries. On Sundays, the cafe opens at 10:00, and after half an hour there are no more empty seats there. Barcomi's Deli is located in the cozy Sofia courtyards near Alexanderplatz, after breakfast you can go for a walk in the neighboring quarters: look at art galleries, a synagogue, a wind instrument shop and take a look at city street art.
Gardens of the World in Marzahn
Photo: Shutterstock.com Photo: Shutterstock.com
Several dozens of national parks in a large territory: Chinese, Korean, Italian, all with fountains, playgrounds and ice cream parlors. In the green maze you can get lost, and if you are less than 10 years old, then scream with delight. There is free parking. Admission from April to October for adults is five euros, for children under 14 years and a half.
Museum of Musical Instruments at the Cultural Forum
Photo: Frank Haase Photo: Benjamin Asmussen Photo: Thomas Quine
Almost always a half-empty museum, where, taking an audio guide, you can hear and see how the horn and harpsichord sound, dance to Neapolitan polka and study the organ structure. Children from three years are guaranteed to be interested. Knowledge of German is not required.
Snack Bar Heno Heno
Photo: "> Vilimblog
A microscopic Japanese diner in Charlottenburg, where you need to order the entire menu right away, because it's cheap and tasty. It is better to come after lunch or in the evening, although Heno Heno is open from 12:00 to 22:00. There is no alcohol on the menu, but if you're lucky, you can catch a delicious Japanese beer.
Children's Educational Museum MACHmit!
Photo: Peter Rukavina Photo: Peter Rukavina Photo: Thomas Angermann
Three-dimensional labyrinth, thematic exhibitions, master classes, puppet theater and a mirror room. If you are unlucky with the weather, and the child needs to let off steam - you are here. Children themselves will figure out how to have fun - even without knowledge of German or English.
Park on the Tempelhof Airport Field
Photo: Tempelhoferfeld.info Photo: Klaus-Dietmar Gabbert / news-brothers.com Photo: Klaus-Dietmar Gabbert / news-brothers.com
The oldest airport in Germany was closed in 2008. Now there is a huge park on its field where you can ride a bicycle, take a walk or have a picnic - there are places for grilling (though you need to bring it with you). Scooters, segways and bicycles are available on site. Fans of a military theme should go on an excursion: visit bunkers, a chemical protection unit, a power station and an arrivals hall.
Greendoor Cocktail Bar
Photo: diephotodesigner Photo: diephotodesigner Photo: diephotodesigner
A secret cocktail place in Schöneberg for middle-aged freaks. The door is really green, metal, like the ones that we put in the porches for reliability. By default it is closed, you need to ring the bell. Usually an extravagant lady opens and lets in if she thinks that there is a place for you. The work of bartenders, constantly preparing cocktails, is mesmerizing (however, like the cocktails themselves).
Arminius Markthalle Market
Photo: Arminius Markthalle Photo: Arminius Markthalle Photo: Arminius Markthalle
The covered market of the 19th century is an alternative to the tourist Markthalle IX in Kreuzberg, only without street onlookers and tourists. In addition to food stands, Germans, Vietnamese, Italians are here with their cuisine, but we recommend Fish and Chips, which can be ordered at the Brewbaker bar, taking Kreuzberger Tag, Bellevue Pils or IPA brewed in Berlin for them. Right behind the bar is a cozy room with draped sofas and a floor lamp.
Photo: Crafty Ramblings
A brewery startup in red Wedding, the owner of which does not tire of repeating that he does not need tourists here, but in practice he is friendly and glad to everyone. The beer is dark, light, seasonal, schnapps and juice from Brandenburg apples, and for appetizer - pretzel or Alsatian flammkuchen (pie with onions, bacon and cheese). By the way, you can bring food with you. It is good in the summer when the beer garden is open in the yard. The pub owner is Markus, a graduate of the Technical University of Berlin, who often works at the counter himself. He will be happy to talk about his path to success, if a minute of time stands out.
Ziervogels Kult Curry
Photo: Ziervogels Kult Curry
Do not think that popular national dishes are offered only in tourist restaurants. Berliners love curry sausages, and Kult Curry offers to eat them in the relaxed atmosphere of a cafe where a varied audience gathers for dinner - from installation painters to programmers and marketers from the surrounding offices. Pay attention to Menu 2, scharf zwei (medium spiciness) - two sausages with potatoes, ketchup, mayonnaise and a drink. If you have lunch like this, it will be very easy to refuse dinner.
Where to dance, eat, walk and drink in Berlin, we were told by city insiders and residents!
Pavel Vardishvili, editor-observer of L’Officiel Russia:
Fly to the city on the first flight of Air Berlin on Thursday, meet the dawn on the TXL bus, which smoothly carries on all the main attractions. Exit at the Brandenburg Gate, on Unter den Linden, Friedrichstrasse or Alexanderplatz, check into a hotel, a rented apartment or friends, hang out things, have coffee on duty and start the most exciting weekend in your life.
A typical scenario for Berlin, which at any time of the year or day is a good idea. In five days (return tickets are best taken at least on Tuesday) you can have time to get drunk several times, spend a couple of nights without sleep, watch an exhibition about Fassbinder, try any of the cuisines of the peoples of the world, have the best sex in life, buy clothes for all times, drive off to nature and just drive off.
Poster attractions, trendy restaurants, bars with sophisticated cocktails of ten euros and night clubs in their usual sense in Berlin are more than enough. All of them are similar to the same places in any other city in the world, and information about them can easily be found in ordinary guides or the TripAdvisor app. Most of the tips below relate more to the so-called underground side of the city, the one without which Berlin would never have become so outstanding.
Pavel Vardishvili, editor-observer of L’Officiel Russia:
In Mitte, Kreuzberg, Neukölln, Friedrichshain or Prenzlauer Berge - these are the main areas of the city, if not psychotypes. Mitte and Prenzlauer Berg are the main ones in the bourgeoisie.
The first is that the Patriarch's Ponds, but at times more, more interesting and exciting. In the second, ten years ago, the wives of local DJs left to give birth, now there is the exemplary spirit of a family suburb and the smells of numerous expensive restaurants.
Kreuzberg - the former Turkish quarter in which Bohemia began to settle in the 60s of the last century due to low housing prices, the further history is more or less known: the district serves as a creative visiting card of the city.
Neukölln is the new Kreuzberg, more impudent, creative, even cheaper and more interesting.
Finally, Friedrichshain is the most rave and youth district of Berlin, taking the most important of rave culture, with an eye to the tourist attraction of the place. And yes, it’s true that techno-tourists in Friedrichshain are many times more than locals. On the same Airbnb, you can find housing options for every taste and need, whether it be a studio for ten people, a separate house for two or a boat on the shore of Spree.
Design and ordinary hotels, chain hotels and hostels Berlin is fully equipped. Many of them offer discounts, or online reservation services do it.
Most of all, we love living in two districts of Berlin: in Kreuzberg and Schöneberg. If in the first life is in full swing, and adventures await around every corner, then the second is an ideal choice for a calm and measured weekend. It is in this part of Berlin that our favorite bars, second-hand shops and cafes are located. The first impression of Schöneberg was the prosperous regularity of West Berlin, quiet boulevards and small cafes. But if you go deeper, you will realize that you are in the main LGBT district of Berlin. It is for this contrast that we love him so much. Noisy streets with trendy bars are replaced by quiet streets with boulevards and old houses.
Our two favorite hotels in Berlin: the Ellington Hotel and the 25hours Hotel Bikini Berlin.
Ellington Hotel is impressive even on the street - a huge building of the 20s of the last century, built in the style of German functionalism. The corridors extending into the horizon, huge windows, strict design and the feeling that you were in the frames of an anti-utopian film did not leave us all three days. Attached to all this: good service, a hearty breakfast that will cure any hangover, and a great price.
25hours Hotel Bikini Berlin is a trendy Berlin hotel in the Charlottenburg area. Great design, windows on the floor, a gorgeous view of the zoo, a rooftop bar and very beautiful people around. The coolest rooms are those with a hammock opposite a huge window.
Among the attractions that we will discuss in this article will be the famous Brandenburg Gate, and the Reichstag, and palaces, and historical memorial complexes. However, we decided to pay attention to other equally interesting places. You will visit the famous squares and alleys, explore the city from the Berlin TV tower and ancient bridges, see the canvases of world famous artists, and we will also show you where to find unusual art spaces and bars for an evening vacation in Berlin.
- Reichstag, Brandenburg Gate and Holocaust Memorial,
- Greater Tiergarten, Memorial to the Fallen Soviet Soldiers in Tiergarten and Victory Column,
- Berlin Zoo, Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church and Potsdamer Platz,
- Martin-Gropius-Bau, Topography of Terror and the Jewish Museum in Berlin,
- Friedrichstrasse, Berlin Wall Museum and Checkpoint Charlie,
- German Cathedral, Gendarmenmarkt and French Cathedral,
- Unter den Linden, Berlin Cathedral and Museum Island,
- East Side Gallery, Oberbaumbrucke and Alexanderplatz,
- World Time Clock, Berlin TV Tower and Red Town Hall,
- Nikolaiviertel, Sea Life Centers and Museum of the German Democratic Republic,
- Lustgarten Park, Old Museum and German Historical Museum,
- German State Opera, Bebelplatz and the New Museum,
- Old National Gallery, Pergamon Museum and Bode Museum,
- Oranienburger Strasse, Hack Courtyards and Gedenkstett Berliner Mauer,
- Bernauer Strasse, Mauerpark and Kulturbrauray,
- Charlottenburg Castle, Kurfürstendamm and German Technical Museum,
- Victoria Park, Botanical Garden and Karl Marx Strasse,
- Treptower Park, Stasi and Gertin der Welt Museum,
- Spandau Citadel, Toyfelsberg, Glienicki Bridge and Sanssouci.
In order to make it easier to navigate where all these sights are located and how to get to them more conveniently, at the bottom of the article is a map with the sights of Berlin in Russian, which are marked with a description.
What to see in Berlin - 1st day
We recommend starting the tour of Berlin with the most famous sights of the city: the Reichstag and the Brandenburg Gate, after which you will see the Great Tiergarten with nearby memorials. Also on the first day you can see the cathedrals, several squares and museums, and complete a walk in the East Side Gallery and enjoy the sunset from the Oberbaumbrucke Bridge.
We recommend starting a trip to Berlin from here. The Reichstag - one of the main symbols of the city, was originally called the parliament itself, and then the name passed to the building. The construction of the Reichstag began in 1884 and took more than 10 years. However, from 1933 until the 1990s, the building was not used for its intended purpose: after the fire, meetings were held in another building, and then completely moved to Bonn for many years.
After the reconstruction carried out in the 1990s, the parliament is again located here, and today it is one of the most visited parliament buildings in the world. However, you must book an excursion in advance on the official website of the Bundestag. During the tour, you can visit several parliament buildings (and even see specially preserved bullet traces and inscriptions left by Soviet soldiers), as well as a dome with an observation deck. A guide will guide you through the building, and if you only choose to climb to the observation deck on the dome, you can also use the audio guide (including in Russian).
The Brandenburg Gate is probably Berlin's most recognizable landmark. The gate was built in 1791. Their second name was “The Gates of the World,” and this idea is visible in architecture. In the sculptural composition above, there is the goddess of peace Irena, in a chariot, although it is worth noting that now in her hands is a cross, not an olive branch, and the sculpture itself was called the goddess of victory Victoria.
For some time, the gates were a symbol of the power of the Nazi party, and then became a symbol of the reunification of Germany after the fall of the Berlin Wall. Today, the Brandenburg Gate is not only a tourist attraction, but also an important historical place in Berlin, popular with the townspeople themselves.
Not far from the Brandenburg Gate is the Holocaust Memorial - a vast territory with more than 2,200 unmarked concrete slabs. Plates are arranged in rows along which you can walk and feel the tragedy of the events. In addition, the atmosphere is conveyed by the uniformity and purity of the blocks: thanks to the special coating, neither dirt nor the paint of rare graffitists adheres to them - all this is washed off even by simple rain. Also within the framework of the memorial there is an information center with information about the victims of the Holocaust and a small museum that collects photographs, diaries and personal items of several dead Jewish families.
The next point of our trip to Berlin is the Great Tiergarten Park. This is one of the largest parks in the country, loved not only by tourists, but also by local residents. Previously, hunting grounds were located here, which ceased to exist during the reign of Frederick the Great, who did not like hunting and decided to establish a city park here. Today in the Greater Tiergarten you can just walk and have a picnic, as well as see many monuments and the English garden, visit the zoo and the palace of the late 18th century.
Memorial to the Fallen Soviet Soldiers in Tiergarten
Memorial to the Fallen Soviet Soldiers in Tiergarten
One of the monuments located in the Greater Tiergarten is the Memorial to the Fallen Soviet Soldiers. It was built immediately after the war, in 1945, by order of the Red Army. Here you will see two tanks that were the first to enter the city, and the cannons with which the end of the battle was announced. The main part of the memorial is a colonnade with the names of soldiers and two sarcophagi with the names of officers on the columns. A separate part is reserved for more than 2000 graves of Soviet soldiers.
The Victory Column in the Great Tiergarten was erected in 1873 as a symbol of Prussia's victory in wars, sometimes it is called the Golden Elsa. The column stands on a pedestal of red granite, and at the top you can see the gilded figure of the goddess of victory Victoria. The column is also decorated with bas-reliefs, re-installed in 1987. In addition to inspecting the column from the side, you can climb to its observation platform.
The Berlin Zoo is one of the places to see in Berlin with children. Here you will see many species of animals, among which there are even polar bears and pandas. Animals live in free equipped enclosures, which at the same time allow visitors to examine the inhabitants of the zoo well. You can also visit the aquarium and take part in the events held here.
Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church
Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church
This church was built in 1895, was severely destroyed during the war and was restored only in 1961. Today it differs from many other churches in that it combines both the new structure and the part that it was decided to leave in the form of ruins. Also, the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church is called the Blue Church due to the fact that there are several blue stained glass windows that surround the altar. In addition to stained glass, in the church you can see the “Stalingrad Madonna” and visit the museum of church history.
Potsdamer Platz was formed on the site of the old city gates and has always been a busy place. It was here that the first station for long-distance trains in Germany was built, and the first traffic light in Europe was installed at the intersection on this square. However, in the post-war period, Potsdamer Platz was destroyed, and plus everything else, it was the border between the division of the territory into three sectors of occupation. A little later, the Berlin Wall passed through the square, and just after its fall, the revival of the square began. Today it is a modern quarter where you can visit the theater, exhibitions, shops, cafes and a viewing platform.
There are several budget housing options near Potsdamer Platz. Here they are:
- Hotel Ibis Berlin City Potsdamer Platz 2 *. Rating - 8.2 based on 2,670 reviews. The price is 55 euros.
- Alper Hotel am Potsdamer Platz 3 *. Rating - 8.1 based on 1,492 reviews. The price is 50 euros.
- Hotel Potsdamer Hof Berlin. Rating - 8.1 based on 1,664 reviews. The price is 45 euros.
Martin Gropius Bau
Martin Gropius House is an exhibition complex built in the second half of the 19th century; it got its name from one of the architects. Outside, the building is decorated with mosaics and coats of arms of German lands, and inside, in addition to exhibition halls. there is a small courtyard. Since its opening, museums have been located in this house. During the war, it was partially destroyed, but then received the status of a monument of architecture, which helped to carry out restoration work. Today, a variety of permanent and temporary exhibitions are held here, as well as a museum of the history of Berlin.
Topography of Terror
Topography of Terror is a documentation center with an exhibition and a preserved element of the Berlin Wall. From 1933 to 1945, the headquarters of the secret police of the Gestapo was located at this place, the history and activities of which can be found in the exposition.
Jewish Museum in Berlin
Jewish Museum in Berlin
The Jewish Museum in Berlin is the first museum in Germany to provide information on the history of the Jewish community. Here you can find out about businessmen, cultural figures and industrialists who have made a significant contribution to the development of society. However, there is also a part devoted to the Holocaust and Jewish exile: it is worth bearing in mind that too impressionable people can hardly perceive the presented part of the exposition. At the same time, the guides of this museum are trained to provide first aid in such cases.
You can walk to the next attraction of Berlin from our list along Friedrichstrasse, the capital’s most famous street leading to the center. The street has always been a busy shopping place and remains so until now. However, now cultural, fashionable and entertaining places have also been added here, it is on Friedrichstrasse that there are several theaters and a philharmonic building. Here you can feel the atmosphere of old and modern Berlin.
Want to stay on Berlin's main street, here are the budget hotel options:
- Maritim proArte Hotel Berlin 4 *. Rating - 8.5 based on 3,589 reviews. The price is 75 euros.
- Hotel ARCOTEL Velvet Berlin 4 *. Rating - 8.5 based on 2,300 reviews. The price is 70 euros.
- Hotel Leonardo Berlin Mitte 4 *. Rating - 8.6 based on 7,726 reviews. The price is 65 euros.
Berlin Wall Museum
Berlin Wall Museum
Continuing the history of Friedrichstrasse, it is worth noting that it was divided into two parts by the Berlin Wall and it was on it that the famous Checkpoint Charlie was located. Therefore, today you can visit the Berlin Wall Museum - to learn about the history of shoots, both successful and unsuccessful, to see the personal belongings of the people who made the escape, and works of art dedicated to this period of history. The museum also has information that relates generally to the topic of human freedom.
Checkpoint or Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin - a reconstructed border booth, which can be called one of the symbols of the Cold War. It was the only legal checkpoint, but not everyone could pass through it from one part of the country to another. The restored paragraph is intended to show how expensive freedom of choice was at that time.
The German Cathedral in Berlin is a grandiose but elegant building that was erected in the 18th century in several stages. It got its name from the language spoken by the parishioners: Calvinists and Lutherans. The church that we can see today is the result of a large-scale reconstruction that was required after the destruction of World War II. Currently, the temple is not used for its intended purpose, but remains a popular tourist destination. Here you can visit the historical museum, mostly devoted to the history of parliament, and various temporary exhibitions.
The German Cathedral and several other buildings are located on Gendarmenmarkt Square. The square received the name “Gendarme Market” from the French regiment stationed here, although the market itself appeared much earlier - back in the 17th century. Today it is an important cultural place. Here are the German and French churches, the National Theater, a monument to Friedrich Schiller. And if you go to Berlin in winter, then you can visit the large-scale Christmas market just at the Gendarmenmarkt.
The French Cathedral in Berlin was built in 1701–1705 and got its name from its own parishioners - refugees from France. Interestingly, there is a second name, less known - the church of Friedrichstadt. Previously, it was a separate city, which later became part of Berlin. During the war, the cathedral was badly damaged, and its restoration took place only in the 80s of the last century. Today it is a functioning church, but it is open for tourists, including the opportunity to climb to the observation deck.
Unter den Linden
Unter den Linden is one of the most famous streets not only in Berlin, but throughout Germany. It has many architectural monuments and attractions: palaces, museums, etc. The street received its name from the linden alley, which was planted back in the mid 17th century. Today, here you can take a walk, sightseeing, and go to a cafe with traditional cuisine.
Berlin Cathedral can often be seen on postcards and souvenirs; this is really one of the most recognizable sights of the city. This cathedral was built at the junction of the late 19th and early 20th centuries; its construction took more than 10 years. Outside, you can see a lot of jewelry: sculptures, stucco, however it is worth looking inside. Stained-glass windows, paintings, wooden decorations - all this complements the atmosphere of pacification prevailing here.
Museum Island in Berlin is a complex of museums, which, since 1999, is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Here you can learn about the culture and history of different states, as well as the history and development of architecture. The main building has been destroyed and restored more than once, today there is a large exhibition center. You can return to the examination of many individual museums in the following days, and if you arrived in the warm season, you can get to open-air exhibitions on the territory of Museum Island.
East side gallery
East Side Gallery is a must-see place in Berlin, although it is located a short distance from the center. This gallery is part of the Berlin Wall, the "painting" of which began illegally. There were more and more such “free artists”, and instead of prohibitions, government officials decided to give the wall to a kind of gallery and creative place of the city.
Not far from the Eastside Gallery is Oberbaumbrucke - a bridge over the Spree River, which was built in the first half of the 18th century. Today it is known as a place of intense nightlife, but it is more interesting for its design. The first floor of the bridge is designed for cars, cyclists and pedestrians. And the upper one is reserved for the metro (which, by the way, began in the city from here). Near the bridge you can visit numerous nightclubs and bars, as well as watch from an unusual angle on the sights of Berlin.
Alexanderplatz is one of the most famous squares in Berlin. Until the mid-19th century, it was used both as a farmers market and as a venue for military parades. And it got its name in honor of the arrival of Alexander I in the city. Today, the square combines historical and modern buildings, popular attractions, and is simply a great place for walking.
There are good housing options near the main square of Berlin. Here they are:
- Hotel Mercure Berlin Alexanderplatz 3 *. Rating - 8.4 based on 1 856 reviews. The price is 50 euros.
- Hotel ibis budget Berlin Alexanderplatz. Rating - 8.9 based on 524 reviews. The price is 40 euros.
- The Student Hotel Berlin 4 *. Rating - 8.6 based on 1,133 reviews. The price is 55 euros.
World time clock
World time clock
Also at Alexanderplatz you can see the so-called World Clock. Here at the same time you can see what time it is in the largest cities of the planet. The clock was opened in 1989 when the Berlin Wall “fell”. So the column is crowned with the inscription: "Time will destroy all the walls." So the watch adds a twist to the idea of the whole area - the peaceful coexistence of different peoples.
Berlin TV Tower
The Berlin TV Tower was built in 1969 and at that time was the second tallest in Europe, second only to the Ostankino Tower. Today she became the fifth in the list, but this does not make her less interesting. Here, from a height of 200 meters, you can explore the city and visit the revolving restaurant.
Red Town Hall
The Red Town Hall is a historic building in Berlin, however today we are already seeing the third version of this structure. Twice the town hall was destroyed, but each time it was possible to restore it taking into account the original features. Today you can visit the columned hall, the Great Hall, where ceremonial receptions, the Stamp Hall and a gallery with portraits of honorary citizens of the city are still periodically held.
Nikolaiviertel translates as “Nikolai’s quarter”, it was one of the first districts of Berlin. In the Middle Ages, many trade routes passed on this territory, and churches and residential buildings were gradually built. Most of the Nikolaivirtel today is the result of restoration work, since during the war most of the quarter was destroyed. Nevertheless, the restoration was carried out according to numerous documents that have been preserved, so you can still see the area almost as it was before.
There are budget hotels near this quarter. Here they are:
- Hotel Nikolai Residence 3 *. Rating - 9.1 based on 729 reviews. The price is 65 euros.
- B&B Hotel Berlin. Rating - 8.7 based on 2,833 reviews. The price is 45 euros.
Sea Life Centers
Sea Life Centers
Sea Life Centers are the largest separate aquarium in the world, which also has the name AquaDom. This place will be most interesting for children, but adults will also get a lot of impressions. In an aquarium with a height of 16 meters and a volume of 2000 tons of water, there are not only fish, but also sea horses, corals and other unusual creatures. Of course, it will be interesting to look at the aquarium from the outside, but if possible, it is worth taking a ride on the elevator, which is located in a special passage inside the aquarium, to observe the life of marine life from the inside in a panoramic format.
The GDR Museum is quite modern - it was opened in 2006. But at the same time, it is already considered one of the largest and most unusual museums in Germany. Here you can learn about how people lived in the eastern part of the country, separated from the western part by a wall. The exposition includes more than 10 thousand exhibits, including household items, furniture, personal belongings of people living in the GDR. Here you can also learn about the activities of the Stasi, watch television programs of that time, you can touch many exhibits, which even better allows you to immerse yourself in the atmosphere of life in the GDR.
Lustgarten Park is located on Museum Island. Despite the fact that it is a city park, for some time it was used as a parade ground and square for public events. The history of the park dates back to the 16th century, when it was a palace garden. The park has been changed and reconstructed more than once; today you can just walk around here, visit museums and see statues and fountains.
The Old Museum in Berlin was opened in 1830 by order of Frederick William III. The first collection for the exposition was a collection of works of art that belonged to the Prussian kings. Today the museum presents collections reflecting the era of classical antiquity, here you can learn in detail about the history of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, as well as get acquainted with works of Etruscan art.
German Historical Museum
German Historical Museum
The German Historical Museum presents materials on the history of the country lasting more than 2000 years. Its exposition is extensive, and today the museum occupies two buildings, the old Zeichhaus and the modern. The Zeichhaus was built at the beginning of the 18th century, the arsenal was located here, however, from the mid-20th century the building was used to house various museums, today there is the main exhibition. As for the new building, it was built in 2003, today there are historical exhibitions on various topics. The museum works seven days a week, so you can visit it any day.
German State Opera
German State Opera
The building of the German State Opera in Berlin was built in 1912 and originally belonged to a separate town Charlottenburg. Now, after the city joined Berlin in 1925, the theater belongs to the capital. Due to wars, the theater was not in demand, and during the reign of the National Socialists the theater’s repertoire was greatly changed in accordance with censorship. During the Second World War, the building was damaged by a bomb, a long reconstruction was required. Today you can visit here not only a variety of productions, but also an excursion dedicated to the history of the theater. This is an amazing opportunity to plunge into the theater world, go backstage, in dressing rooms, workshops and learn interesting facts about the life and work of famous theater artists and conductors.
Bebelplatz is another famous square in Berlin; it was created as a square in front of the opera house. Local buildings were often rebuilt, and now it is a fairly modern quarter, but it also retains its unusual history. In 1933, it was here that the burning of books that were considered “anti-German” was carried out, they included the works of Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud and others. Today you can see a kind of memorial dedicated to these events: under a large glass plate there are empty book shelves that go away underground.
The new museum was built in 1855 in a classicist style at a really high level - now the building is included in the UNESCO heritage list.Here you can see collections dedicated to Ancient Egypt and the history of Germany, as well as casts of ancient sculptures, prints and other works of art. Recently, the exposition includes an extensive collection of papyri. The new museum also works seven days a week, a full inspection will take several hours, but you can always choose the most interesting parts of the exhibition.
Old National Gallery
Old National Gallery
Unlike the Old and New Museums, the Old National Gallery has gathered under one roof a large collection of exclusively works of art from the 19th and 20th centuries. Here you can see the canvases of Monet, Renoir and other famous artists, however, the museum funds include works of completely different directions, from classicism to early modernism. The building was badly damaged during the war, so restoration was carried out at the end of the 20th century. During it, the appearance was reduced to the original version, but the interior design was made simpler so that all attention could be paid to the submitted works.
The Pergamon Museum is one of the most visited in Berlin, annually it receives more than a million people. As in the case of many other museums in the city, it began with the royal collection, which over time it was decided to present to the public. Funds were replenished not only thanks to purchases of artifacts, but also during various excavations. Today you can see the Antique Collection (which also includes the main exhibit - the Pergamon Altar), collections of the Asian Museum, the Museum of Islamic Art. You can also visit the recently opened Panorama of Pergamum and feel like a resident of Ancient Rome for a short while.
The Bode Museum in Berlin was opened in 1904, it got its name in honor of Wilhelm von Bode, who runs the art gallery and the creation of this museum, including financing the purchase of many exhibits. He paid a lot of attention not only to the collection, but also to the design of the halls: each of them had to reflect the features of a particular era, the works of which will be in it. Today, here you can see not only paintings, but also many sculptures of various periods of creation, Byzantine icons and excavated objects, the Coin Office, as well as several temporary exhibitions devoted to the art of a particular locality or historical era.
Oranienburger Strasse is one of the few historical streets of Berlin that have been so well preserved to this day, without becoming very modernized. Until the 19th century, it was not a significant historical place, but today it is a center of alternative art. Most of the street is connected with the history of the Jewish community: there is a synagogue and other institutions. However, the street is also known in a tragic sense - from here during the war, captured Jews were taken to camps. Today, the Oranienburger Strasse is worth a visit to the new synagogue, the exposition at the Center for Jewish Culture, as well as the Hack Courtyards.
Khaki courtyards are a complex of combined houses built in the 18th century. The area in which the Khaki yards are located was conceived as a place of residence for workers, since many enterprises were located here. The development was cramped, and the social environment was rather complicated, therefore epidemics often occurred in the quarter at that time. However, with the advent of the 20th century, the situation began to improve: in 1906 the idea came to build a separate complex of buildings, which would include residential buildings, shops and some industrial premises (at that time - the textile industry). Today you can visit a variety of cafes and bars, theaters and art galleries, part of the premises are given for offices. Also, there are several unusual museums in the Khaki yards: the Anne Frank Museum (a branch of the museum in Amsterdam), the Museum of the workshop of the blind, etc.
Gedenkstett Berliner Mauer
Gedenkstett Berliner Mauer
Gedenksstette Berliner Mauer is a memorial complex dedicated to the Berlin Wall, here is its best preserved site, designed in such a way as to convey the atmosphere of the Cold War. Part of the “wall” is presented in the form of high metal pipes, through the distances between which you can safely pass to the previously protected territory. The second part is left concrete - the difference between freedom and non-freedom of choice of one’s location in one’s native country is really clearly visible.
The wall section described above refers to the Bernauer Strasse complex, which also includes border towers, the remains of the fence, a chapel, crosses and a wall with photographs of people who died while trying to escape. Walking along the Bernauer Strasse, you can observe how the wall gradually improved: first the building material changed, then a second fence and various barriers and obstacles were added. One of the place’s impressive attractions is the Reunion sculpture. There is also a research center in the complex, which collects documents and other information and studies the stories of people who are somehow connected with the Berlin Wall.
Mauerpark is a city vacation spot. This is a vast territory, which includes places for amateur performances, picnics and a flea market with unusual things. Here you can visit the food court and relax on the lawn, listen to street musicians and gain strength after a long walk.
Kulturbrauray - an art space for representatives of modern art and all those who are interested in this direction. It is located in the building of the former brewery, today there are cafes and bars, rooms for exhibitions and presentations, a concert venue.
What to see in the vicinity of Berlin
On the third and subsequent days, you can see the sights of Berlin, the inspection of which is worth a little more time. The places below are located at some distance from the center, you will also find out what you can see in the vicinity of Berlin. For example, you can go to Potsdam to see the ancient Glienicki bridge and the Sanssouci palace and park complex. However, there are still interesting places in the city itself.
Charlottenburg Castle is definitely worth the time, it is one of the most important architectural monuments in Berlin. The castle was built in the 17th century by order of King Frederick I as a gift for his wife Sophia Charlotte, where the name came from. During the war, the castle was significantly destroyed, and its restoration took more than a decade. However, today it is an impressive and popular attraction for both tourists and locals. Here you can stroll through the park and visit the palace itself.
The Kurfürstendamm in Berlin is a historic boulevard, which, despite the destruction during the war, has now become a gastronomic and fashionable center. Sam Boulevard has existed since the 16th century, then it was a pedestrian but officially its modern history begins in 1886, when the first tram was launched along the street. Around the same time, the street began to be filled with cafes and nightclubs, and only wealthy citizens could afford housing nearby. Today, you can just walk and dine in any of the many cafes, or visit the largest shopping center in Western Europe.
The historic Kurfürstendamm Blvd has some of the best-priced housing options in the city. Here they are:
- Hotel guest house Xantener Eck. Rating - 8.0 based on 1,226 reviews. The price is 35 euros.
- Amadeus Hotel 3 *. Rating - 8.3 based on 1,008 reviews. The price is 30 euros.
- Hotelpension Margrit 2 *. Rating - 8.9 based on 1,406 reviews. The price is 35 euros.
German Technical Museum
German Technical Museum
The German Technical Museum will be interesting to both adults and children, regardless of their knowledge of technology. Some of the exhibits are interactive, but the rest are quite interesting due to the well-thought-out composition of the halls and the order of viewing the exposition. Here you can visit old trains, cars and steamboats, as well as learn about modern technologies and equipment and independently conduct some unusual physical experiments.
Victoria Park really can be called an oasis. It is located on Mount Kreuzerberg, there is a waterfall, an observation deck, the spire of the Catholic Church and a vineyard. In the park you can take many great photos, feed the squirrels, visit the contact zoo and cafe, and in winter in Victoria Park you can ski, sled and skate. It is best to come to the park during the day so as to stay until the evening and watch the sunset from the height of the observation deck of the park.
Another natural attraction of Berlin is the Botanical Garden. It was founded in the 17th century and is one of the three most important gardens in the world. There are more than 22 thousand species of plants, and the territory is equipped not only with alleys and flower beds: there is also a greenhouse and a lake. Plants in the greenhouse are distributed by climatic zones and species, there are compositions that convey the flora of Australia, the Caucasus Mountains, the Canary Islands, etc.
Karl Marx Strasse
The construction of Karl Marx Alley in Berlin began in 1949 for marches and parades. People who were involved in the design and construction of the alley were sent to study in the USSR, so the street was erected in the style of socialist classicism. Today you can spend a little free time exploring impressive buildings, visit cafes and souvenir shops.
Treptow Park was planned as an urban recreation area, but in the postwar period it became a large-scale monument to Soviet soldiers. There is a memorial to Soviet soldiers, and the complex itself also includes the sculpture “The Grieving Mother”, a statue of the liberating warrior, an alley of sarcophagi, an avenue of birches and symbolic gates. However, there is also a recreation area with children, as well as an observatory. In addition to the monuments, in the park you can see fountains and a large rose garden, ride a boat on the river Spree.
The Stasi Museum in Berlin will be most interesting to those who are already familiar with the topic, but the exposition also provides for acquaintance from scratch. In this museum you will learn about the activities of the Stasi, investigations, unfair stories of prisoners, the possibilities of organizing and how to collect information. Very impressionable people should weigh the decision to visit the museum, since in addition to the restored offices of investigators, interrogation rooms and things of prisoners, torture devices and isolation wards are presented here. The museum exposition can be viewed both independently and as part of a group - such excursions start at a fixed time.
Gerten der Welt
Gerten der Welt
Gerten der Welt, or Gardens of the World, is a modern leisure park, which was opened in 1987. Today, its area is more than 100 hectares, which include not only the park area itself, but also playgrounds, places for recreation and, of course, the most interesting - garden sections decorated in accordance with the traditions of different countries. During the walk, you can visit China, Japan, Italy and other countries, as well as go through the maze and explore the so-called Garden Cabinets - not such vast spaces as gardens decorated in the style of the USA, Great Britain, Lebanon, etc.
The Spandau Citadel is a castle of the second half of the 16th century, built on the site of an ancient fortress, which has been well preserved to this day. During the war, there was a laboratory, whose workers surrendered, and the building was not destroyed. However, he needed a restoration, which ended in 1992. Today there is an archive and a museum, exhibitions and concerts are also regularly held.
Teufelsberg, which translates from German as “Devil’s Mountain”, is an artificial elevation created during the Cold War. On the mountain was a U.S. intelligence station, which was closed in the 1990s and became a tourist attraction. Also, Toyfelsberg is often used when shooting films and TV shows, and a center of contemporary art is gradually being formed here.
During the Cold War, the Glienicki Bridge served as the border between East and West Germany. On this bridge more than once there was an exchange of spies and various reconnaissance operations, therefore the bridge also has historical value. Also from the bridge you can see the panorama of Berlin and Potsdam, and most picturesque on the bridge in the evenings.
The most distant attraction from the city in the vicinity of Berlin from our list is Sanssouci Park in Potsdam. Here you can visit 18th-century palaces, temples, a Chinese tea courtyard and a greenhouse. Inspection of the entire territory and buildings will easily take you several hours. The most interesting of the palaces is the one that was the residence of Frederick the Great - the ruler himself designed the building and thought over its design. However, there is something to see here in terms of nature: alleys, fountains, flower beds and vineyards make the park a great place to relax.
Excursions in Berlin in Russian
Most of the attractions on our list can be explored on their own and get a lot of impressions. However, you will learn much more about the historical and modern sights of Berlin, if at least some of them are examined with a guide. On our site you can choose a suitable tour of Berlin in Russian and learn more about the city.