The Mediterranean city of Marseille is one of the most visited places in France. Its huge port, magnificent basilica on the top of the hill, narrow and winding streets and the castle of If shrouded in legends - all this attracts more and more tourists to the city. So what to see in Marseille?
Marseille is impossible to imagine without its famous port. Now this city is the largest port in the whole country. The coastal zone is now almost completely pedestrian, and on the street connecting the harbor with the city center, there are many boutiques, restaurants and architectural monuments. Opposite the port is the Old Town with a magnificent cathedral and archaeological museum.
In this city, one of the most ancient monasteries in all of France has been preserved - the abbey of Saint-Victor, founded in the 5th century. And Marseille's “calling card” is its huge Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde basilica, built on a mountain in the neo-Byzantine style.
The infamous If castle, located on an island four kilometers from the city, brought immense popularity to Marcel. It was here that the famous Count of Monte Cristo, nee Edmon Dantes, languished in a prison cell. Another mysterious prisoner, the Iron Mask, was hiding in the same castle. Now in the castle of If opened a museum dedicated to these two legendary characters.
Basilica of Notre Dame de la Garde
The huge basilica of Notre Dame de la Garde rises above Marseille from a height of 150-meter hill. It is considered a symbol of the city and its most frequently visited attraction.
The basilica consists of a lower chapel, preserved from the 13th century, and a luxuriously decorated upper church, made in the Neo-Byzantine style. Since the XVI century, this place has been a fortress built simultaneously with the famous If Castle. At the end of the 18th century, it was transformed into a prison, and after the revolution, some members of the royal family were kept in captivity here.
In the appearance of the Basilica of Notre Dame de la Garde, its bell tower, crowned with a golden statue of the Madonna and Child, stands out especially. The height of this tower along with the sculpture reaches 65 meters. The architectural complex itself is made of white stone with black stripes. Its construction was completed only in the second half of the XIX century.
The interior design of the basilica is amazing - its mosaic ceiling is supported by elegant columns of striped red and white marble. The dome is also decorated with religious mosaics - Noah's Ark is presented here, as well as receiving the tablets by Moses, and many other Bible stories. Both in the upper church and in the lower - Roman crypt, miraculous statues of the Virgin Mary were preserved, which are especially respected by believers.
Address: Rue Fort du Sanctuaire
The port was the heart of Marseilles in ancient times. It was founded by the ancient Greeks in the VI century BC. During the turbulent 17th century, the famous sun king Louis XIV ordered the strengthening of the port of Marseille - then small defensive forts and an arsenal appeared here.
In the middle of the XIX century, the Port of Marseille accommodated about 2000 ships and received about 18 thousand merchant ships per year. Now, here, mainly small yachts and pleasure boats are located, and a noisy fish market takes place daily. Also in the port is the picturesque snow-white lighthouse of Santa Maria, built back in 1855.
The old port was converted into a pedestrian zone in 2013. Now this place is very popular among tourists. From here boats depart in the direction of the famous If Castle.
The old port is connected to the city center by La Canbier street, where many buildings of the XIX century have been preserved. Now there are many museums, shops and restaurants. And on the other hand lies the Old Town, better known as the Le Pannier quarter.
Address: Prom. Robert Laffont
La Canbier street
La Canbier street is considered the main street of Marseille. Its length is 1 kilometer - it starts back in the Old Port, and ends with the magnificent neo-Gothic Cathedral of Saint Vincent de Paul. The history of its name is curious, which literally translates as “hemp street” - many centuries ago, hemp fields spread on this place. The street itself was laid by Louis XIV in 1666. Now there are many restaurants, fashion stores, as well as museums and other interesting sights:
- The luxurious fashion museum is housed in an elegant four-story mansion of the late XIX century. This house was designed by the famous Baron Osman, who modernized the whole of Paris. The museum itself covers an area of 600 square meters and talks about modern fashion since the 20th century. In the neighboring buildings, which is not surprising, boutiques and fashion salons are located.
- The monumental building of the exchange, made in the neoclassical style, was inaugurated in 1860, the ceremony was attended by Emperor Napoleon III. Its main facade is luxuriously decorated with sculptural reliefs and stucco molding, and on the second floor there is a luxurious balcony with columns. Among the interior rooms, the main hall, consisting of arcade galleries, stands out especially. Its floor is made of black and white marble, and the ceiling is elaborately painted. Now in the former building of the exchange is the Marseille Maritime Museum.
- The church of Saint Vincent de Paul is located at the end of La Canbier street. This magnificent cathedral was built in the years 1855-1886 and is considered a masterpiece of neo-Gothic architecture. The height of its two symmetrical spiers is 70 meters. Inside the church, bright stained glass windows and an ancient organ of the beginning of the 20th century have been preserved.
Fort St. John
In the middle of the XVII century, King Louis XIV ordered to surround the Old Port of Marseille with two defensive forts. The powerful walls of both buildings are made of curious pink stone. Fort St. Nicholas, located near the abbey of San Victor, is now partially open for tourist visits - it houses a memorial in memory of the victims of the wars.
Fort St. John is located on the opposite side, next to the Museum of Roman Docks. This place used to be the hospital of the Order of the 12th-century St. John’s and the watch tower of King Rene I, built in the 15th century. Both of these structures were included in the modern fort. Interestingly, during the French Revolution, St. John's Fort served as a prison for royalists and members of the royal family.
Now the fort of St. John belongs to the Museum of Mediterranean Civilizations inaugurated in 2013. Its main building in the harbor is connected to the fort by a suspension bridge, the same bridge connects the fort with the church of St. Lawrence near the Museum of Roman Docks.
The main expositions of the Museum of Mediterranean Civilizations are housed in a modern cubic building. It tells about the history of this region: a variety of artifacts, objects of religious worship and everyday life are presented, dating back to ancient times. On the second floor of the museum is a restaurant with an outdoor terrace.
Address: 7 Prom. Robert Laffont
Quarter Le Pannier
The Le Pannier quarter is also known as the Old Town. It was here that the ancient Greeks founded their first settlements, and it was here that the center of medieval Marseille was located with a cathedral and town hall. Now this area is a labyrinth of winding streets with ancient buildings, museums and churches. By the way, it is in this quarter that the oldest residential building in Marseille is located - the Hôtel de Cabre mansion, built back in 1535.
The Museum of Roman Docks was opened directly at the archaeological site of the ancient Roman trading post. Antique artifacts are presented here, dating back to the 5th century BC, including amphorae and coins. Also in the museum you can see the remains of colored mosaics of the III century.
The Diamond Dock Museum adjoins the Roman Dock Museum, completed at the end of the 16th century. Its curious name is due to the fact that it is built of originally processed stones resembling faceted diamonds. Now this building houses the museum of old Marseille, which tells about the daily life of citizens. Here you can see the traditional Marseille costume and masterpieces of folk arts and crafts.
The building of the Town Hall was built a little later than the Diamond House - in 1673. This baroque building resembles a typical Italian palazzo. There are shops on its ground floor, and the city administration itself occupies the upper floors. The main facade of the town hall is decorated with luxurious stucco, bas-reliefs with symbols of the Bourbon dynasty and an elegant balustrade. Surprisingly, the first and second floors of the building are not connected by a single staircase, you can only go upstairs through a special passage leading from the neighboring house.
The Cathedral of Saint-Marie-Majeure rises on the promenade of the Le Pannier quarter.
The Cathedral of Saint-Marie-Major was founded by Emperor Napoleon III. Construction was completed only in 1896. Surprisingly, it was possible to partially preserve the original cathedral, built on this site in the XII century.
The modern temple is made in a luxurious neo-Byzantine style using marble and onyx. The cathedral is also decorated with a curious Venetian mosaic. In the appearance of the temple stands out a funny striped portal with two symmetrical towers and a huge dome surrounded by two of the same, but smaller in size. The Cathedral of Saint-Marie-Major is considered one of the most spacious - more than three thousand people can be here at the same time.
By the way, a tiny church of St. Lawrence, preserved from the XII century, is located near the cathedral on the embankment. It is connected by a suspension bridge to Fort St. John and the Museum of Mediterranean Civilizations.
Address: Place de la Major
Lonsham Palace is located near the Gothic Cathedral of Saint-Vincent-de-Paul. This luxurious building is actually erected around an old water tower. Moreover, its construction was timed to coincide with the opening of the Marseille Canal, excavated specifically to supply the city with clean water.
Now in this magnificent palace, completed in 1869, two museums are located at once - natural history and fine arts. The Museum of Fine Arts was opened much earlier than the palace - in 1801 by a decree of Napoleon Bonaparte. The museum's collection consisted of expensive paintings and sculptures of the XVI-XVIII centuries, seized from the higher nobility and members of the royal family. Now in the museum you can see the works of such great painters as Peter Paul Rubens, Jan Brueghel, Pietro Perugino, Luca Giordano and Jose de Ribera. The pearl of the collection is a small sculpture by Auguste Rodin, donated to the museum by himself. The museum is located in the left wing of the building.
The Natural History Museum was also founded much earlier than Lonsham Palace itself in 1819. Its exposition is dedicated to the evolution of the animal and plant world. Here you can see the skeletons of prehistoric animals, ancient fossils and fossils, as well as embalmed stuffed representatives of the fauna that previously lived in the Mediterranean.
Lonsham Park, which is open at the same time as the palace, also deserves special attention. It is famous for its luxurious cascading fountain called "Water Castle", recognized as one of the best in the world. The fountain is decorated with curious sculptures symbolizing the deities of water, and behind it is an artificial grotto. And the park itself has preserved many trees planted in the middle of the XIX century, and unusual pavilions in the oriental style.
Address: Palais Longchamp, 7 Rue Edouard Stephan
Abbey of Saint Victor
Abbey of Saint-Victor is considered one of the oldest in all of France - it was founded in the V century. The monastery is located on the site of an ancient Greek cemetery on a hill. In the XIV century, the abbey was further strengthened - powerful fortified walls with battlements on the peaks still surround the monastery building. After the French Revolution, only the old church of St. Victor, dating back to 1200, remained from the rich complex.
Now in the temple and in the crypt of the cathedral, unique ancient sarcophagi dating back to the Early Middle Ages are exhibited. The relics of the founder of the monastery, John Cassian, St. Mauritius and many other saints and martyrs of the Roman Empire, are stored here. The main shrine of the monastery is the miraculous figurine of the Black Madonna, stored in the crypt. You should also pay attention to the luxurious old altar made of white marble and a variety of sculptures of the Middle Ages.
Address: Place Saint-Victor
The palace and park ensemble of the Borelles castle is the pearl of Marseille. It is only a couple of kilometers from the Old Port and adjoins the Botanical Garden. The Boreli castle itself now houses a museum of arts and crafts. It is worth noting, however, that another museum dedicated directly to earthenware was housed in the remote Pastra Palace.
The palace itself is made in the style of the era of classicism. It was completed at the end of the 18th century. An exquisite portal stands out in its appearance, on the second floor of which there is a balcony with columns. It was possible to preserve the interior design of some of the premises of the palace - the dining room, bedroom, several salons, they are open for tourist visits as part of the museum of decorative art.
Among the most outstanding exhibits of the museum, it is worth noting pottery of the XVII-XVIII centuries, decorated with a painting typical of Marseille on a marine theme. You can also see luxurious paintings, masterpieces of Chinese art, as well as ceramics and furniture of the early XX century in the style of art nouveau.
Boreli Park was equipped in the XVII century. It consists of two parts - a strict regular French park and an English landscaped garden with a lake, fountains and graceful statues. By the way, it was in this part of the park that a copy of the famous Basilica of Notre Dame de la Garde was located.
The boardwalk connects Boreli Park with the sea. And on the opposite side adjoins it the city botanical garden, famous for its palm alley, Japanese garden and funny cacti.
Address: Château de Borely, Parc de Borély, 132 Avenue Clot Bey
If Castle was built on an island four kilometers from Marseilles in the twenties of the XVI century. Initially, he was supposed to perform defensive functions, but soon turned into a famous prison for especially dangerous criminals. It is believed that it was here that the famous prisoner in the iron mask, the alleged brother of King Louis XIV, was kept.
However, the most famous prisoner of If Castle is the Count of Monte Cristo, invented by Alexander Dumas. The popularity of this literary hero brought glory to the island of If. Already in 1890 a museum was opened here. On the ground floor of the fortress is the very cell of Edmond Dantes, connected by a manhole to the dungeon where another character of the novel lived - Abbot Faria.
If Castle hosts screenings of films about the famous Count of Monte Cristo, here you can also buy souvenirs related to the work of Alexander Dumas. You can get to the island by boat from Marseille.
Address: Embarcadère Frioul If, 1 Quai de la Fraternité
1. Lonshan Palace
The graceful and original Lonshan Palace is a magnificent decoration of Marseille, which is a true masterpiece of architectural art. The construction was built in the 19th century, and the reason was the completion of the construction of a water channel, which saved the population of the city from problems with a lack of water.
Lonshan is a whole complex of unique architectural objects. The wonderful ensemble of the building consists of a facade with a triumphal arch, a neat symmetrical and lovely fountain in the foreground.
2. If Castle
To protect Marseilles from attacks from the sea in 1524-1531, a fortress was erected on a small island, which was subsequently destined to become a prison for several centuries. If castle became famous all over the world thanks to the pen of the famous writer A. Dumas, who used the romantic image of a gloomy and impregnable fortress in his famous novel “The Count of Monte Cristo”. One of the real, not fictional, prisoners of the castle was the hero of the Great French Revolution Mirabeau.
5. Notre Dame de la Garde Cathedral
A 19th-century landmark rises from the highest hill of Marseille south of the old port. The Catholic Cathedral attracts hundreds of pilgrims from all over the globe on the day of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which is celebrated on August 15.
The building was designed by A.Zh. Esperandier in neo-Byzantine style. At the top of the bell tower is a statue of the Virgin Mary, covered with a neat layer of gilding, which is a unique decoration of the architectural composition of the cathedral. On the territory of the basilica there are several sites for inspection, which offer an amazing panorama of the city and its surroundings.
8. Marseille Maritime Museum
The Maritime Museum, the opening of which was timed to visit the city of Napoleon III in 1860, is located in the premises of the Exchange. Permanent and temporary exhibitions illustrate the entire maritime life of Marseille, from the foundation of the port by the ancient Greeks to modernity.
9. Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilizations
An interesting unique museum dedicated to the civilizational development and history of the peoples inhabiting the Mediterranean, opened in 2013. The museum complex consists of three objects. The main part of the museum collection is located in the building of the rebuilt pier for ships, while the lower part is under water. The second part of the exposition is located in the ancient Fort Saint Jean, surrounded by a lovely green park. And the last part of the unique collection is placed in a new ultramodern building of the research center, the design of which harmoniously combines history and modernity.
10. Museum of Mediterranean Archeology
The museum opened in 1863. At first, the exposition was located in the exquisite and luxurious palace of Borel, however, in connection with its reconstruction, it was moved to the premises of the old Almshouse. The entire collection was divided into 3 large sections: Egyptian, classical antiquity and an exposition compiled by their finds found in the vicinity of Marseille. Fans of history will be curious about household items, figurines, decorations of the Romans and Greeks, Egyptian sarcophagi, dishes and cosmetics, as well as decorative products created by the Etruscans.
11. The Arc de Triomphe of Port d’Ex
The majestic and beautiful triumphal arch of Port d'Ex was erected on the site of an old antique gate. Previously, the road running from the arch connected Marseille and the city of Aix-en-Provence. The arch was built in 1839 and symbolized the victories of the French army. The architect Michel-Robert Penshaw preferred the classical style, guided by the creation of the project with the ancient arches of the Roman rulers Titus, Trajan and Constantine.
The Arc de Triomphe is adorned with lovely bas-reliefs depicting the great battles in which the French army of Napoleon had the opportunity to take part. And the upper facade of the object is crowned with sculptural groups, which should depict allegorical figures.
12. Marseille Town Hall
The elegant and graceful city hall of Marseille is made in accordance with all the architectural techniques of the Baroque style. This small luxurious mansion had a chance to survive the Great French Revolution and the Second World War. Work on the construction of the building was completed in 1673, and as many as 3 architects worked on its design. Excellent decorative moldings and balustrades in the Corinthian style give special solemnity and showiness. Today, the city hall of Marseille continues its work on the upper two floors. But the lower floor is occupied by various shopping stalls offering tourists intricate souvenirs that will remind every tourist of an unforgettable and interesting trip to Marseille.
13. Fort Saint Nicolas
Fort Saint-Nicolas is located at the entrance to the Old Port, which at the end of the XVII century ordered the construction of Louis, popularly referred to as the “King of the Sun” in order to intimidate the rebellious inhabitants of the city. This event was associated with the revolt of the Marseilles, who previously dared to speak out against the governor of Provence.
Over the course of its long history, the walls of this landmark of Marseille have survived the destruction associated with the French Revolution and even served as a prison for some time. Today, St. Nicholas Fort is considered a historical monument, while the Foreign Legion is located in part of the fortress, and another branch is open for tourists.
What do we know about Marseille?
Marseilles was founded by the ancient Greeks in 600 BC It stands on the shores of the Gulf of Lyon (the largest commercial port in France), and is part of the so-called Cote d'Azur. Schematically, Marseille is divided into 16 quarters, each of which is distinguished by its architecture, population and traditions. The prosperous bourgeois has been living in the south of the resort for many years, and the north has been “reserved” for the no less famous Marseille ghettos. If you want to see a vibrant vibrant city, the movement in which never stops - you are in French Marseille!
Quarter Pannier - the oldest in Marseille
Very interesting design of one of the shops (or workshop?)
The next attraction is the oldest area of Pannier. Look for him north of the port. The quarter was built from the XVI to the XVII century. Translated from French, the name means "basket". Indeed, the narrow streets are ornately intertwined, which resembles a large basket. In Pannier, there is the Cathedral of St. Mary Major, the Museum of Old Marseille, cozy cafes and shops.
The 13 Corners Bar is a historic place in Marseille. He is over 200 years old
What else to see in Marseille? Museum complex in the Pannier quarter - Viel Charite. The name translated from French means "almshouse." Date of construction - XVII century. The Baroque-style building was once a haven for the poorest inhabitants of Marseille. Today the complex consists of a central building, a picturesque courtyard with arcades and a neoclassical chapel. It hosts temporary exhibitions, various seminars and festivals. Activities are paid, and admission to the territory is free.
Museum of the History of Civilization
Do not ignore the collection, which is dedicated to the life and culture of the peoples of the Mediterranean. It covers the period from the Neolithic to the 21st century. The exhibits are the most diverse: clothing, household items, tools, etc. You can see all this in the museum of the history of civilization. He, by the way, has the status of the first national museum of France, which is not in Paris. Opening date - 2013. Entrance ticket - € 9.50. Schedule: daily, except Tuesday, from 11:00 to 19:00.
Notre Dame de la Garde
The magnificent 19th-century basilica occupied the highest point in Marseille. Built on a hill with a gorgeous view of the city.
This is a must see in Marseille for 1 day. The architectural style is Romano-Byzantine. Notre Dame de la Garde is decorated with multi-colored marble, frescoes. Locals call the cathedral La Bonne Mère ("Kind Mother"). On the 41-meter tower you can see the bell tower, whose height is 12 m. On the bell tower stands a 9.7-meter sculpture of the Virgin Mary with the Baby in gilding. It looks, of course, impressive. The crypt of the temple is made in the Romanesque style, generously decorated with bright patterns. In the early 2000s, the cathedral was reconstructed, and today it is the most visited tourist place.
Getting to Notre-Dame de la Garde is easy. A bus number 60 goes right from the center of Marseille (travel - € 2), a stop Notre Dame de la Garde, the bus has a sign, but in fact, this is the final stop of this route. Schedule of the basilica: daily, from 7:15 to 18:15 in the winter and an hour longer in the summer. Entrance to the temple is free. Remember to dress appropriately. Short shorts and skirts, blouses and dresses with bare shoulders are unacceptable. There are souvenir shops and cafes next to the basilica. Prices are above average.
Remember Alexander Dumas novel about the Count of Monte Cristo, which dealt with the mysterious and impregnable fortress-prison? This is If castle. He is the next attraction of Marseille. On the map is 4 km from the coast. You can see the castle from the Basilica of Notre Dame, and even from an airplane on approach to Marseille.
View of If Castle from Notre Dame Cathedral
The fortification was erected in the middle of the 16th century in order to protect Marseille from attacks from the sea. For many years it was a prison in which especially dangerous criminals were isolated: the Huguenots, the leaders of the French commune. In the XIX century, the castle became a museum, and in 1926 received the honorary status of a French architectural monument. Entrance fee is € 6 (buy online). Schedule: from 10:00 to 17:00. Boats run regularly from the Old Port to the castle. In the summer - every 15 minutes, in the winter between flights it takes about an hour. Round-trip fares will cost you € 10.80.
The main attraction of Marseille is the city hall, built in 1653. The three-story building looks elegant, even pompous, as befits baroque monuments. The second and third floors are reserved for the work of city officials. An interesting detail: the staircase leading from the first to the second floor is not provided for indoors. If you need to go to the city hall (well, suddenly!), First go to the building located behind the town hall, then you will go up to the second floor by a special passage.
The building of the Marseille Exchange is located on the main street of Canebière (the beginning of construction - 1852, the end - 1860). It was designed by the chief city architect Pascal Coast. Very beautiful building! The facade is decorated with five monumental arches. Above them are ten exquisite columns. In the center are antique clocks. The names of the great explorers are engraved on the decorative wall: Cook, Columbus, Vasco da Gama and others. At the top - a spectacular sculpture, which depicts the coat of arms of Marseille and figures symbolizing the Mediterranean Sea and the ocean. Today the building houses the Provence Chamber of Commerce, a branch of the Maritime Museum and a library with an excellent collection of books.
Serving Bouillabaisse Soup at Miramar Restaurant
Marseille is a port city, which means that fish dishes are incomparably prepared here. You can try the freshest seafood in the cafe, which are compactly located in the northern part of the Old Port. The culinary symbol of the city is bouillabaisse fish soup. It is very common in Marseille and, in principle, in Provence. They say that the ancient Greek goddess Aphrodite often made bouillabaisse for her beloved Hephaestus. The technology for making soup is simple. A strong broth is made from water and several varieties of sea fish. Shredded tomatoes, fennel, onions, garlic are separately fried. Vegetables are seasoned with saffron, wine, orange zest. Then it is all mixed and served hot along with garlic bread. Often, expensive seafood, caviar is added to the soup, the taste of the dish becomes more refined. The cost of the dish can reach € 200 per serving! In the restaurant Restaurant Miramar the price of bouillabaisse is 70 euros per person.
Snacks - a compliment from the restaurant
It is impossible to overpower such a plate to one person
I could not get:)
They say that the best bouillabaisse in Marseille is at Chez Fonfon, you can book at least a couple of days through thefork.com
Museum of Fine Arts
You will find the oldest museum in the city of Lonshan at the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Marseille, Rue Edouard Stephan. In it you can see the work of talented, but little-known masters in Russia (D. Buren, H. Ben, Arman and others). In total - 47 thousand exhibits, most of which belong to representatives of France. Also there are works of Italians, Spaniards. Separately, it is worth highlighting the collection of paintings by artists from the Provencal school of painting (one of the best in all of France). A distinctive feature of the museum is sculptures, drawings, paintings by the French painter Pierre Puget, who lived a significant part of his life in Marseille. On the territory of the complex there is not only a museum, but also a library, a cinema hall, a chic park.
The museum’s official website says that from September 23 to December 12, 2019 the building will be closed to prepare for a large-scale exhibition. Standard work schedule: 10: 00-18: 00 every day except Monday. For admission, pay € 6.
Marseille History Museum
Where do history buffs go in Marseille? Remember this address: Marseille, rue Henri Barbusse, 2. An interesting museum with a total area of 15 thousand m² is located on it. Here is a collection of 13 chronological expositions telling about the founding of Marseille to the present day. You can follow several stages of the development of the city: the foundation by the Greeks, the city under the rule of the Romans, the Middle Ages, the entry into France, etc. Visitors are offered to inspect a variety of objects - religious, domestic, construction, marine. There are a lot of bright clothes, jewelry, jewelry, so, I think, beautiful women will not get bored in the museum either. You are expected from Tuesday to Sunday, from 9:30 to 18:00. Permanent exhibition admission ticket - € 6. Entrance is free every first Sunday of the month.
This elegant palace Napoleon III dreamed of giving his wife Empress Eugenia. The construction began in 1852. The complex in classical style is surrounded by a picturesque garden, directly above the Old Port. For the construction of a three-story building they took pink stone, from the windows - a magnificent view of the sea. The total number of rooms is 500. All of them are decorated in an elegant Empire style. The emperor and his wife did not have time to settle here. By the time the construction was completed, Napoleon III was stripped of power, and the palace passed into the possession of the municipality. Today, there is an exhibition hall, conferences are held, a restaurant. In front of the palace, in a beautiful park, picnics are allowed.
Abbey Saint Victor
This monastery in Marseille was founded in the V century. It is schematically located in the VII city district. Tourists can visit the existing temple and crypt with sarcophagi, which are several centuries old. The main shrine is a figurine of the Black Madonna. Entrance ticket to the abbey - € 2. Open to visitors from 9:00 to 17:00. From the Old Port there are bus routes No. 82, 83.
Fort Saint Jean
Emperor Louis XIV, in response to numerous uprisings by local residents, gave the order to build a fort at the entrance to the Old Port. The guns in it were aimed at the city. The complex consisted of towers, defensive and utility rooms. For many years there was a military garrison in it to maintain order in Marseille and protect the imperial power. In 1964, Fort Saint Jean became an architectural monument. In its eastern part, a memorial was erected in honor of the victims of Nazism, and a museum was opened in the east. Here you can see the ruins of the barracks, chapel, lighthouse. Opening hours: from 10:00 to 18:00 every day, except Tuesday. Free admission.
Fort St. Nicholas
Another interesting fort and landmark of Marseille is the Fort of St. Nicholas. Opening - 1660. It stands opposite Fort Saint-Jean. From 1823 until the end of World War II, the complex was used as a prison. Tourists can enter the citadel through the east gate for free. The central part of the fortress is closed to the public. The schedule is the same as in Fort Saint-Jean.
This is a public municipal park in the south of the city with an area of 17 hectares (the largest park in Marseille). Open for visits daily, from 6:00 to 21:00. It is divided into 3 zones: French garden, English garden, hippodrome. There is a lake, a rose garden, a children's playground, many sculptures and fountains. Free admission.
9.6 km from the center of Marseille you will find a network of free pebble beaches under the same name - Prado. They were created artificially in the middle of the 20th century. The coastline stretches for 4 km. The water is not very clean, although water sports are developed on the beaches of Prado. There are many volleyball and soccer courts along the coast. The infrastructure as a whole is excellent: there are toilets, showers, changing rooms, a rescue tower and a medical aid station.
On Edmond Rostan Street there are a huge number of shops selling antiques. This is a paradise for lovers of antiquity. Here you can find furniture, books, coins, paintings and all sorts of other things at affordable prices. You can walk around the antique dealership all day long, and it’s not enough to go around all the shops!
What to see next to Marseille.
The French port city is a good start for short trips around the area. What to see next to Marseille? I tell you.
Kalanca is a large national park founded in 2012. The word translated from French means "bays." They occupy an area of 520 km². Marseille is about 14 km away. Kalanques are Provencal fjords, limestone cliffs, some of which reach a height of 400 m. Wild beaches with clear azure water, evergreen trees and huge fields of wild flowers. Mountains, cliffs, gorges, which are thousands of years old - all these are Marseille cannons. You can inspect them by ship or car, hiking trails are laid. I found information on cruises on the website https://www.calanques-if.com/ Their office is located in the Old Port, you can buy a ticket at their kiosk. You can also buy a cruise online.
Watch a very beautiful video:
This is a city in the south-east of France, 20 km from Marseille. Between them excellent transport links. From Marseille to Cassis, you can get by train (15 minutes on the way, travel - € 5.30), bus (90 minutes, € 2.10), by rented car or taxi.
Cassis is famous for its coastal cliffs and amazing tasting wines that are produced in its vicinity. In the center of the city is a castle built during the Middle Ages. Go inside does not work, but the photos on its background will be beautiful. Another attraction in Cassis is worth noting an art museum with a good collection of paintings, oratorios (houses of worship), two sandy beaches. Inspect all of this is real in one day.
Another city on the Cote d'Azur 21 km from Marseille. The headquarters of the French army of legionnaires is located in Aubagne, and they also produce magnificent colorful ceramic figures, traditionally based on Christmas themes. Here you can see the gate of the XIV century, the bell tower of a non-standard shape, the ancient chapel of the Penitent of sinners. All these attractions are not far from each other. The fastest way from Marseille to Aubagne is by train (direct flight, 10 minutes, € 4).
Aix-en-Provence is a cozy Provence town, which is, in combination, the university center of the entire Cote d'Azur. Paul Cezanne was born here - the famous expressionist artist. The city is 30 km north of Marseille (train ticket - € 7, travel time - 12 minutes). In Aix-en-Provence, you will certainly be interested in the Cathedral of St. Savior, built in the XII century. It is located on University Square. The architectural style is Romanesque and Gothic. The complex reaches a height of 46 m, a length of 70 m. Admission is free. Another interesting attraction is Mirabo Boulevard with a length of about 500 m. The busiest place in the city. Chestnuts grow along the boulevard, cafes and shops are located.
In the photo, the sights of Marseille look beautiful, but believe me, in life they are even better! I hope my review will help you spend a rich and vibrant vacation. Wishing you a good trip!
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