Uruguay is a country in the southeastern part of South America, located on the Atlantic coast. The state borders on Brazil and Argentina, so it is not surprising that the Latin American culture is particularly influential.
Most attractions are directly related to the Uruguayan city. Montevideowhich surprises with its history and impeccable ancient architecture. Tourists wishing to visit Uruguay can enjoy colonial-era buildings and picturesque nature. It is not surprising that Uruguay will give an unforgettable experience.
Salvo Palace is one of the most worthy buildings in Montevideo. The palace building was built in 1927 with the involvement of the talented Italian architect Mario Palanti.
After successful construction, the palace was redeemed the Salvo brothers. It was assumed that the building will be intended for the hotel, but this plan was unpromising. As a result, the premises were given for private apartments and office premises.
Salvo Palace is located in the old part of Montevideo, or rather - on Independence Square.
Solis is the oldest theater in Uruguay, which was built in 1856 and now belongs to the authorities of Montevideo. The theater regularly hosts opera and ballet performances.
It should be noted that the restoration of the building was carried out in 1998 - 2004. As a result, it was possible to improve the theater facilities and, of course, increase the comfort for visitors.
The Solis Theater in Uruguay is considered one of the best in South America. In addition, world stars performed here, including ballerina Anna Pavlova and tenor Enrique Caruso.
Cape Polonio Lighthouse
Cabo Polonio Lighthouse is located above the peninsula of Uruguay. This attraction is an important UNESCO cultural heritage site.
The lighthouse was built in 1881. It is believed that from the very beginning the object illuminates the way for ships that go to the capital of Uruguay across the Atlantic. It is not surprising that the Cabo Polonio lighthouse is one of the most famous symbols of Uruguay.
Currently, the lighthouse remains an important strategic object, but at the same time it is available for tourist visits in the mornings.
Casapueblo is a worthy attraction, which is located at a distance of 12 km from Punta del Este. The old house, which is one of the most famous symbols of Uruguay, is located directly on the shore of a picturesque bay.
Casapueblo has an unusual architectural style, which includes various bizarre elements. This architectural monument was created in the 1960s, and it was assumed that the attraction would serve the people of Uruguay.
Today, Casapueblo houses a museum center, art gallery and hotel.
Rodo Park is a truly beautiful and attractive corner of Montevideo. Despite the small size of the park, many tourists and locals enjoy local walks.
Attractiveness is given by green manicured lawns, palm trees, exotic plants. Moreover, the beautiful panoramas that open on the Rio de La Plata will certainly leave the best impressions. It should be noted that in the northern part there is an artificial lake, and in the western part regularly open-air exhibitions are held. Often, it is Rodo Park that turns out to be a place where you can fully enjoy the positive.
Anhoren Park, Colonia del Sacramento
Anhoren Park is truly amazing in its beauty, historical and cultural value. Tourists can enjoy the exotic flora and fauna, understanding how enchanting the environment is in this corner of Uruguay. Currently, hundreds of trees and shrubs grow in the park, among which are pine trees, Japanese maples, cypresses, eucalyptus trees.
The park also houses the presidential holiday home, which was built in 1911. Today, the building is used for important international meetings.
It is not surprising that this natural site is one of the most worthy sights of Uruguay.
Museum of Torres Garcia
Joaquin Torres Garcia is a well-known Uruguayan artist in whose honor a museum center in Montevideo has been created.
Museum exposition includes:
- Original works of the famous Uruguayan artist.
- Archival documents.
- Personal things.
- Items of antique furniture.
- Media publications.
Each exhibit is in one way or another associated with Joaquin Torres Garcia. It is not surprising that many tourists try to visit this museum and see numerous exhibits.
Museum of the History and Culture of the Romanticism
The museum center successfully operates in Montevideo under the auspices of the National History Museum. The building, which houses museum exhibits, was built in 1831, taking into account the best principles of neoclassicism.
Visitors can see objects related to the era of romanticism:
- Items of furniture.
- Newspapers and magazines.
- Mini-films about the era of romanticism at the national and international level.
All people who want to know more about the era of romanticism can visit the museum.
Estevez Palace is one of Montevideo's most interesting landmarks. The palace building was built in 1873. The architectural appearance of the Esteves palace in an interesting way includes elements of the Doric and colonial styles.
In 1880, the palace building was bought by the authorities of Uruguay. Ten years later, it was possible to create a residence for the Uruguayan president. Then in Uruguay, Lorenzo Latorre ruled. After the restoration of democracy in 1985, the place of executive power was transferred to the building where the residence of the Ministry of Defense was located. However, under the rule of Tabare Vazquez, the Estevez palace was again used as the president’s residence.
Winery of the Juanico family
The winery, owned by the Juanico family, is a well-known winery in Uruguay. In 1830, a wine cellar was created on this territory, with the help of which it is possible to produce high-quality Uruguayan wines and successfully store them. The development of the winery intensified in 1979, when the Juanico family was able to completely immerse themselves in wine. It was possible to prove that this region of Uruguay resembles the French region of Bordeaux in terms of climate. Due to the fact that French grape varieties are grown here, you can count on the successful production of impeccable wine.
Rally Museum, Punta del Este
The rally museum, which has existed since 1988, is dedicated to contemporary South American art. The museum center is located in a large building, which is surrounded by a worthy park.
The museum contains works by contemporary sculptors of South America and even several works by the Spaniard Salvador Dali. The picturesque part of the exposition reveals postmodern technique and surrealism.
Visitors can not only see worthy exhibits and appreciate the talent of sculptors of South America, but also make memorable photos.
In Uruguay, carnivals are a traditional form of entertainment. When you visit the Carnival Museum in the capital of the country you can learn a lot of new and interesting things. At the end of January, a carnival traditionally begins in Uruguay, which lasts a month and a half. Moreover, the features of the local carnival are unique, since they reflect the specifics of the people.
The museum exposition includes the following valuable exhibits:
- Musical instruments.
Each visitor to the Carnival Museum can appreciate the exposition revealing the culture of Uruguay.
Lekok is a famous nature reserve park located near the city of Santiago Vazquez.
Many mammals and birds live on the territory of the unique reserve, and the main task is to create full protection of the flora and conduct breeding programs. It should be noted that the park has wetlands, which are also under state protection.
Fortress of St. Theresa, Punta del Este
The fortress of St. Theresa was built in the XVIII century and is an echo of the conquest of the territory by the Portuguese and Spaniards, who had a special influence on the development of culture and traditions of Uruguay. It is located near the city of Chui (38 km).
Uruguay is an amazing country that deserves special attention from travelers.
The largest square in the center of Montevideo is dedicated to the hero of independence Jose Gervasio Artigas, with a 17-meter and 30-ton statue of the hero and an underground Mausoleum, where an honor guard watches over the remains of Artigas around the clock.
Other attractions of the square: the stone gates of Puerta de la Ciudadela - an artifact of the citadel of colonial times destroyed in 1833, the Palacio Esteves - the oldest residence of the President of the Republic of Uruguay of the 19th century, as well as the 26-story skyscraper Palacio Salvo "- the highest building of the continent, opened in 1927.
La Rambla Boulevard
La Rambla Boulevard is a long promenade in the prestigious Montevideo district, stretched for 20 km through the Gulf of La Plata. Here the most expensive real estate and all the "cream of society" live.
Morning and evening runs are always carried out along the Rambla, teenagers ride skateboards or roller skates, children fly kites, walk companies and family couples. This is the best place for an evening walk when a light breeze blows in the face from La Plata.
City Colonia del Sacramento
The historic coastal town of Colonia del Sacramento is a combination of Portuguese, Spanish and postcolonial styles. The architecture of the local buildings dates from the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries.
It will be interesting for you to take a look at the local museums and compare them with the museums of Uruguay, as well as evaluate the local architecture against a similar Uruguayan background. There really is a difference. For example, the street system here does not resemble a chessboard, as in other colonial cities in Latin America, including Montevideo.
The Executive Tower is a 56-meter building located opposite Independence Square in Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay. The building was opened in 2009, after a long and controversial construction process, which lasted 46 years and lasted more than $ 20 million.
The building includes 12 floors, of which the first nine are divided into two sectors: a hotel overlooking Independence Square and the office of the President of the Republic of Uruguay,
various departments and organizations. The remaining floors: the tenth, eleventh and twelfth, is occupied by the presidium and the office.
It is believed that this is the first church in Montevideo and the main city Catholic church in general. The first stone was laid in 1790, and its proclamation by the cathedral was announced in 1878. This is a prime example of Spanish neoclassicism with three naves, a transept and a dome supported by a cylindrical drum.
In addition to religious ceremonies, the Montevideo Cathedral hosts various cultural events and choral concerts. This is a very beautiful and historical place.
National Museum of Fine Arts
Created in December 1911 - under the name "Museum of Fine Arts" (Museo de Bellas Artes), and then renamed the "National Museum of Fine Arts" (Museo Nacional de Artes Visuales). A century later, he remains the keeper of the Uruguayan cultural heritage.
The museum exposition consists of more than 6,000 works, mainly represented by the works of Uruguayan national artists. But there are exhibitions and foreign authors.
Cabo Polonio National Park
Cabo Polonio National Park is one of the most interesting places in the Rocha department in eastern Uruguay. The fact is that this environment has a unique landscape, characterized by rock formations in long sand dunes. Landscapes in the form of desert dunes, hills and rocky formations form a great desire to photograph.
Seabirds live on deserted beaches, and if you go closer to the water, you can see a population of sea lions.
The Palacio Salvo is located on Independence Square Montevideo and is one of the most interesting architectural structures of the city. Initially, the building was built as a hotel, according to the project of the Italian architect Mario Palanti in 1928. But in the end, it has never been used this way, so today it is a platform for offices and private premises.
The building is closed to outsiders, but you can admire its interesting neo-Gothic design from the outside.
Solis Theater is Uruguay's oldest theater, located, like many attractions, on Independence Square. The facade and interior of the theater reflects the luxury and elegance of the Old World, since the building was restored in its original style.
In the theater you can go on an excursion with an English-speaking guide and go backstage. But it’s best to attend a live performance on your own. This is an interesting sight, because Uruguay's theater culture is at the highest level.
Plaza de la Constitucion
Constitution Square, also known as Plati Matriz, is located in the very center of the old city, not far from Revolution Square. This is a real historical monument of Uruguay as a country. Since its inception, this square has been the civic and social center of the city.
From a tourist point of view, the area is not particularly surprising: a cathedral nearby, several shops with souvenirs, restaurants and cafes. On Saturdays, you can stop by the flea market.
Museum of Fine Arts of Juan Manuel Blanes
The Montevideo Museum of Fine Arts is named after the Uruguayan painter Juan Manuel Blanes. The museum is a must for tourists if you want to better understand the culture of Uruguay, because its exposition includes the works of great Uruguayan artists such as Juan Manuel Blanes or Pedro Figari.
And besides, the Blanes Museum is just a beautiful 19th-century mansion with an authentic interior, where you can take beautiful photos if you are interested in architecture.
This is a tiny island with an area of about 4.58 km2. It is located northeast of the island of Fuerteventura. More than 130 species of plants grow here and several species of birds live, such as the Silver Gull, Bustard (at certain times of the year) and the Atlantic pied petrel.
Lobos can be reached by ferry from the port of Corralejo. Upon arrival you will find a tourist center. Lobos has several wonderful beaches, a chic climate and a sense of privacy.
Resort Punta del Este
A small seaside resort in southeast Uruguay. It is located on a peninsula overlooking the Atlantic Ocean east of Montevideo. In the summer, Punta del Este attracts a large number of tourists from Latin America and from around the world with its high-class service, shops, beaches and casinos.
To date, the resort is known internationally and may well compete with the status of European and Eastern resorts.
Hand of Punta del Este
The most famous attraction of the resort town of Punta del Este is a huge hand sculpture protruding from the sands of Playa Brava beach. Built from plastic-coated cement by the Chilean artist Mario Irarrasabal in 1982, she won an award at a sculpture competition.
Each year, the hand attracts thousands of tourists from all over the world, concentrating around itself the flows of people who want to take pictures and pose with fingers climbing out of the sand. It is a pity that there is no such excitement in museums.
As you know, Uruguay, like all Latin American countries, is a football country. And Uruguay’s football success has always been closely linked to the country's social life. Centenario Stadium is a large football arena built in 1930 specifically for the upcoming World Cup, which was then hosted by Uruguay.
Then, in the grand championship finals, Uruguay defeated Argentina with a score of 4: 2, and the arena became something like Mecca for thousands of fans around the world who want to visit this legendary place.
Montevideo Parliament Building
The building of the country's parliament, which is popularly called the Palace of the Law, is made in the neoclassical style. The building has a surprisingly beautiful architectural appearance: antique facades, harmoniously finished internal space and external rigor.
It is interesting that the building was built in 1923, when Uruguay was in a state of poverty and was not ready for such large-scale developments. However, the population approved the construction of the palace, showing how important the aesthetic component is for any city.
The largest river in Uruguay, 750 km long, originating in the south of Brazil. Rio Negro divides Uruguay into two shores: northern and southern.
What interesting sights to see in Montevideo in 1 day
If tourists in the city for a short time, travel and can not stay more than a day, then in this case you need to go to museums, palaces and cultural centers. So you can get the most information about the city for the shortest possible time, and then, in which case, you will come back again.
So, initially go to Independence Square and get acquainted with the holy-saints of the city. Then go to the National Museum of Fine Arts, then discover the Museum of Juan Manuel Blanes, learn more about Uruguayan literature, visit the Solis Theater, end the day by visiting the Executive Tower and the Cathedral.
In Montevideo, it's nice to just walk the streets
If you have the opportunity to stay for at least two days, then I recommend that you definitely add a visit to the Colonia del Sacramento to your route or drive along the Rio Negro River or visit one of the beaches. Let the process take you a lot of time, but comparing the culture of the historical quarter, especially after visiting museums, is very interesting.
Historic Quarter of the Colonia del Sacramento
Colonia del Sacramento, the oldest town in Uruguay, was founded in 1680 by the Portuguese. The Spaniards could not reconcile with the appearance on the opposite bank of La Plata other colonizers and captured the city in the same year. The colony several times passed from hand to hand, and all the historical ups and downs for the right to own the city could not but affect its architecture.
Today, UNESCO protects narrow cobbled streets with narrow cobblestones and multi-colored one-story houses that are closely adjacent to each other - a typical old quarter of the Latin American city. In the old part of the Colony del Sacramento, you can watch the familiar life of the townspeople, take colorful photos and drink coffee in one of the street cafes.
El Faro Lighthouse
Despite the high technology, mankind has not yet learned to manage the sea elements, and therefore the lighthouse in the Colony del Sacramento, first built on the shores of the Atlantic in the 17th century, continues to show the way for ships arriving at the city port.
In just half a dollar, you can watch from the viewing platforms of the lighthouse in Uruguay and the ocean. A spiral staircase leads upstairs, and you can climb up to the middle of the snow-white tower, and to the very top.
Basilica del Sanctísimo Sacramento
The Church of Santissima Sacramento in the Colony is one of the oldest temples in the country. The first basilica on this site was built in 1690, but did not last long. In 1808, the Portuguese, who owned these territories at that time, erected a new temple.
The construction is made of white stone. Its facade is decorated with two symmetrical towers with viewing platforms, where you can climb to look at the city and its surroundings. The interiors of the basilica look very modest and the only decoration is a golden sculpture in the altar niche.
Montevideo Old Town
The capital of the country was founded in the last third of the 17th century by the Portuguese, who built a fortress on the shore of the bay. For a long time, the fort served as smugglers, until the Spaniards, who took away the territory, did not establish another fortification base on the opposite side of La Plata.
Nowadays, the old city is the main square of Montevideo, a cathedral built in the best traditions of classicism with Baroque elements, and numerous colonial-type houses, which are characterized by large courtyards.
Fortaleza del cerro
The fort dominates the old town, which appeared on a high hill in Montevideo at the beginning of the 19th century. The project was developed by the famous fortification engineer Jose Dal Pozo. The fortress has repeatedly participated in military companies that were undertaken between the Spanish and Portuguese colonialists. Fortaleza del Cerro became the last Spanish fortress in Uruguay.
In 1931, the fort was called a national monument and a military museum was opened in it, where you can see Spanish and Portuguese weapons of the 18th-20th centuries, army ammunition, old maps and uniforms of soldiers taking part in conquests.
Parliament of Uruguay
In the capital, you can see another architectural monument, in which the legislative assembly of the country is sitting today. The construction of marble and granite appeared in the city in the first third of the last century. The palace was built by the Italian architect Vittorio Meano, who owns the idea of such a mansion in Buenos Aires.
The roof of the parliament is decorated with two symmetrical granite domes, and almost thirty varieties of marble of different shades were used to decorate the walls outside and inside.
Particularly noteworthy are the sculptural groups of Jose Belloni. The artist created bas-reliefs depicting both moments of the true history of Uruguay and allegorical characters.
Today, the parliament building of Uruguay is on the lists of national historical monuments.
Museum them. Juan Manuel Blanes
Another Montevideo art gallery specializes in Uruguayan art history. The museum, founded in 1930, exhibits the artist’s works, after which the exposition is named, as well as paintings by his colleague and contemporary Pedro Figari.
Among the exhibits belonging to the brush of artists with world famous names, you will find the masterpieces of Europeans. The halls of the museum exhibit paintings by Goya, Honore Daumier, Paul Gauguin, Albrecht Durer, Picasso and Rembrandt.
Another outstanding architectural monument of the Uruguayan capital, Palacio Piria, today serves as the seat of the country's Supreme Court. Its construction began in 1916. The architect Camille Gardell, who designed the palace, was initially given the task of constructing a private residence for Francisco Piria, who in those years was not only a businessman, but also an outstanding politician of Uruguay. In the 40s. of the last century, the mansion served as the residence of the president of the country, and a decade later the court moved there.
Piria Palace is an outstanding example of the architectural style, called eclecticism today. Its main feature is the use of several architectural and artistic techniques in one building. In the palace building, the features of baroque, classicism, rococo and even empire are easily discerned.
Residents of Montevideo, answering the question of what to see in Uruguay, will name Palacio Salvo among the first. This palace is often called the symbol of the capital, especially since its tower dominates the entire architectural composition of the old center.
The skyscraper was built in the first third of the twentieth century. commissioned by the Salvo brothers. Businessmen suggested opening a business center in it. For a long time, the Palacio Salva was one of the tallest structures in South America. The height of the building reaches 105 m. Together with the spire.
The architectural style in which the project was developed can be called the same eclecticism. The features of art deco, neoclassicism and even neo-Gothic are discerned in a skyscraper. As conceived by the author of the project, Mario Palanti, the skyscraper symbolizes the “Divine Comedy”. In full accordance with the work of Dante, the lower floors remind of the existence of hell, and the high tower embodies the dreams of paradise. There are many decorative sculptural elements on the facades that recreate excerpts from the work of Dante.
Mausoleum of Artigas
Jose Gervasio Artigas is one of the most prominent politicians in Uruguay, who headed in the XIX century. a local liberation movement whose members fought for independence from Portuguese and Spanish colonization.
In 1977, the remains of the hero were solemnly buried in a mausoleum on Independence Square in Montevideo. Today, Mausoleo de Artigas is one of the most significant sights of Uruguay for local residents. During an excursion to the mausoleum, you will be able to look at the change of the guard of honor - a bright and memorable ceremony.
Access to the hall where the urn with the ashes of the hero is located is open on weekends.
Mercado del puerto
The metropolitan indoor market of Mercado del Puerto is an ideal place not only for shopping, but also for exploring the local flavor. Look at the artisans of Uruguay, buy authentic souvenirs, they say, first-hand, taste South American cuisine in numerous street restaurants - an excellent plan for a few hours in Montevideo.
The private collection of the architect Artusio, which he has been collecting for 40 years and donated to Montevideo, includes about 5,000 samples of tiles and other products made in the Portuguese Azulejo technique. The exhibition presents ceramics in the styles of art nouveau and art deco, tiles from Seville, Neapolitan ceramic masterpieces, tiles from Delphi, glazed tiles from France and many more magnificent works of artists engaged in pottery.