Tryavna Bulgaria is a small town in Central Bulgaria


All tourist facilities of the city are concentrated in the old district. This is essentially one Grandfather Nikola Squareone Slaveykova street, and arch bridge Gorniyat between them. The area is designed in a single architectural style.

The most famous museums - Daskalov and Slaveykov House. The work of art here is everything, including the external and internal decoration of the estates.

Ancient churches of st. Archangel Michael and St. George harmoniously fit into the architectural ensemble of the city.

Countless shops of icon painting and wood carving, a large number of souvenir shops are located along the paved road.

We can say that the entire territory of the old district forms one big attraction.

How to get to Tryavna?

One railway and one bus station are located in the north of Tryavna, close to each other. The city is located on the Sofia-Burgas railway line, which is convenient.

In terms of bus services, Tryavna remains a provincial town - you need to get here through the regional center of Gabrovo. However, in the season additional flights from Sofia and other major administrative centers are sent here. This is a tribute to the popularity of the city among tourists.

For lovers of hiking - nearby Tryavna goes ecological trails coming from the Dryanovsky monastery, as well as other hiking trails.

Sights are Tryavna

Posted March 6, 2014 in: Cities

Clock Tower in Tryavna (1814)

Tryavna, an ancient city of artisans, is located 18 km east of Gabrovo. The city looks picturesque on the slopes. Everything here breathes antiquity. Houses, churches, palaces, streets with Czech fountains, a square with a tower have preserved the old look, as well as the spirit of the National Renaissance. For a long time you can walk along the streets and admire the carvings of wooden facades and ancient interiors of houses.

According to legend, fugitives from the old capital founded Tryavna after its capture. More than 140 city buildings are protected by the state. Craftsmanship flourished in the 18th century. At the beginning of the Bulgarian Renaissance - somewhere from the end of the 18th century until 1830 - art schools were created, named after the places where this school developed - Trevnenskaya, Debyrskaya, Samokovskaya, Banskaya and Kaloferskaya.

In the manner of carving folk artists Tryavna guessed the influence of the Renaissance, Rococo, Classicism and Baroque. The styles were freely interpreted by local carvers who created completely original, distinctive works.

Tryavna wood carvers

The founder of the Tryavna school (XVII century) is Vincent (Vitan) Karchev, who studied painting in the Athos monasteries. From him went a whole family of isographers, woodcarvers. For centuries, until the 19th century, they inherit and even perfect the art of painting, icon painting, wood carving, which are distinguished by great imagination, decorativeness and plasticity.

Motorcycle made of wood, the work of modern Tryavna masters

In 1798, Tryavna was almost completely destroyed after the Bashibuzuk attack, but the townspeople talentedly and lovingly rebuilt it again. Mainly in Tryavna, two-story houses decorated with large bay windows and openwork eaves. Outdoor terraces feature tall stone benches and sunbeds. Spacious courtyards are decorated with flowers and lush greenery. This is what Daskalov’s house built in 1804 by Dimitar Oshanets and Ivan Buchukavets looks like. These architects and talented carvers once made a bet on creating a beautiful carved ceiling. And after half a year, two rooms of the house received unprecedented ceilings - real masterpieces of the era.

Usually anxious masters included grapes in the ornament. Along with reproducing conditional or quite real vegetation, they carved small figures of people, animals, birds (even the symbol of Russia - a two-headed eagle) and entire plot scenes on biblical themes. Treven masters created not only iconostases, but analogs, icon cases and other interior details in churches. Residential houses were also decorated with carvings. Here the ceilings (tawans) were mainly covered with carvings. Usually, in the center of such a carved ceiling, a rosette was made depicting the sun, and rays spread from it. Thus, the living room, as it were, personified a unique world with its own sun. This idea dates back to Christian cult architecture, in which the dome of the church also depicts the sky, and often the stars and the sun.

The sun of the work of the old master in the Daskalovs

The works of anxious carvers are presented in the house of Daskalov - the city Museum of carving and icon painting. Museums are also located in the houses of famous figures of the Renaissance: Kincheva and Raikova. In the house of the Slaveikovs - father and son, personalities and poets known in the history of Bulgaria.

Ikosnostas in the city Museum of carving and icon painting

In Tryavna, many wonderful monuments have been preserved. In the center of the ancient city is an ensemble of ancient buildings. The stone church of St. Michael the Archangel is crowned with an exquisite wooden tower, which today houses an exhibition of icons. The iconostasis of the church was created in 1821 under the leadership of the outstanding master carver Pope Vitan (Jr.). In this remarkable iconostasis, elements of Renaissance architecture are combined with Rococo decorative techniques.

Church of St. Michael the Archangel

Another magnificent carved iconostasis is in the anxious church of St. George. Created it in 1848-1852. The iconostasis is decorated with floral ornaments, laurel leaves, garlands.

Church of St. George the Victorious

Opposite the church is the Clock Tower (XIX century). Near it is a restored school with a wonderful courtyard and a modest exhibition of folk art. The stone bridge behind the tower leads to workshops where tourists can watch craftsmen carve wood and other folk talents work.

Tryavna city in Bulgaria: photos

The fact is that the town is located in the mountains of the Gabrovo region, almost in the middle of the country and from any of its ends the way here will take no more than 5 hours by car. And the residents of Gabrovo, Veliko Tarnovo or Stara Zagora will have to overcome a very short distance to be here. Maybe because of its geographically correct location, Tryavna began to develop even from the most ancient times. As in many other places in Bulgaria, they found a lot of evidence of the life of ancient, developed civilizations, but in modern history, the first reliably confirmed mention of the city dates back to the 14th century AD. The need to protect an important mountain pass, the trade route, from the robbers, attracted brave warriors here, to whom the rulers in return gave tax benefits. Gradually, the settlement grew into a fairly large city, as far as it was possible in such a mountainous area. But it was not the mighty warriors who deserved long fame for this land, but talented architects, real folk craftsmen who created their own art school, a direction in applied art, which they called it - grassy.

It was during the period of the so-called Bulgarian Renaissance that the most famous in Tryavna, Bulgaria, attractions, which today distinguish the town from hundreds of others, similar in size, such as Sveti Vlas or Chepelare. It is a must to visit here if you have planned a car trip to Bulgaria or just turned out to be nearby.

Tryavna city in Bulgaria - what to see?

You should start the inspection from the main city square, the central element of which is the clock tower, an old one, towering a good twenty meters above the ground. Of course, in those days when the tower was built, the clock itself was an expensive acquisition for the city treasury, and therefore they required design accordingly. From here it is worth starting the route of your trip, since it was from these places that the city once began to develop. Walk along the stone vaulted bridge, which was built in the middle of the 19th century, along the cobbled streets, examining each house. In such a leisurely rhythm, you can soon see the entire historical center. But if time is running out, then choose among the three main areas for a cursory study of Tryavna - it can be museums, churches or objects of applied art, crafts, traditional for the city.

You will be surprised, but in such a small patch of mountainous terrain you will find a greater concentration of interesting places than all the attractions of Golden Sands. Ancient houses turned into museums of various subjects. Be sure to go to the house-museum of Daskalov, it is there that the real symbol of the city is located - skillful ceiling carving made of wood.

The second important point that is always indicated in guidebooks Tryavna in Bulgaria where to go - This is the church of the Archangel Michael, the oldest church in the entire district. The legend says that it was built in the XII century and it was done by the Tsar brothers Asenevtsi, thus, thanking God for their military victories. But that church was destroyed and burned, there was only a stone frame, on which it was rebuilt again already in the nineteenth century. Moreover, this story is connected with the already mentioned clock tower, from its construction there was material that was used by the townspeople for a charitable cause, inside it was decorated with carvings and icons of the best masters.

It is also worth visiting the church of St. George, which was built when the number of parishioners grew rapidly. The church building is decorated with magnificent frescoes by local artists.

Tryavna - photos and early history

However, some logic in the teaser of the translator can be traced: the name of the city is undoubtedly associated with grass, and who lives in this grass? Correctly.

However, Tryavna itself appeared much earlier than its environmentally correct name - the remains of the Thracian sanctuary were found next to it 4th century BC, as well as traces of various battles restless 800s.

In the second half 12th century the semi-legendary Bulgarian king Asen II defeated the troops of the Byzantine Empire in the Trevnensky mountain passage and built a summer residence nearby for joy.

The place was chosen wonderful, green, and the king let out horses plucking grass near the palace of numerous wives of horses. So two names of the settlement arose at once - Tsarev meadow and, officially, - Tarnava.

Bulgarian bonsai on the main square of Tryavna

In 1393, Tryavna fell under the onslaught of the Ottoman Empire and, like all the Balkans, was stuck for several centuries in viscous Turkish delight Turkish yoke. True, for the town it really gave a sweet aftertaste of tax evasion: the Turks estimated the location of Tryavna and suggested that residents filter the flows of mountain robbers trying to break into civilization through the pass.

Instead, the grasshoppers received all sorts of benefits, and therefore enthusiastically took up arms.

Tryavna crafts

In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries it became obvious to warlike grasshoppers: waving a sword, you won’t earn a living. The land in the mountains is not fertile, so it turned out to be quite reasonable to turn local people into merchants and artisans.

A whole galaxy of skilled craftsmen quickly became famous not only in Bulgaria, but also in the Ottoman Empire, Austria, Wallachia and Russia. Everyone wanted to buy goods from residents involved in weaving, leather dressing, jewelry, embroidery and ceramics. But hitherto unprecedented fame brought the "grasshoppers" iconography, wood carving and construction - Three areas, formed into a separate, Tryavna school of artistic activity.

"Street Masters" in Tryavna. Along it are workshops where old-style artisans still live.

In the 17th and 19th centuries, Tryavna flourished and became one of the most important cultural centers of Bulgaria. At that time, buildings and structures that were preserved to this day were built.

For example, old arched bridge Kivgiren project by Dimitar Sergiev and the Tryavna Sahat clock tower. According to legend, the Turks wanted to drive the arrogance of the proud residents of Tryavna, majestically pacing the streets, as though they were not languishing under the yoke, and gave permission to build a tower under the condition that women cease to wear traditional jewelry on their heads, giving them such a regal look.

In the XIX century it was rebuilt and Church of St. Michael the Archangel - on the site of an ancient, 12th century. All the same king Asen II with horses erected it in honor of another crushing military victory. Today you can’t even approach the reconstructed temple - cars are constantly parked near it.

The house of the rich Hristo Daskalov, turned into a unique one, has survived to this day. wood carving museum.

Drunk doors and windows

An amazing element of Tryavna architecture, to which I could not find an explanation, - “Drunk” doors and windowsleaning against the walls of buildings. From the side it seems that repairs are being carried out here, and someone dragged them here and dumped them in a heap, but when you approach, you notice that they are already installed - with some kind of intent.

So far, only one option has occurred to me: such constructions are an ideal means of weaning the hosts from alcohol. The master returns home in a darn, lifts his foot over the threshold, and there he is not there, and in general, the door is slanting, which is a porthole in a spaceship. What the…? - the owner manages to think before plowing the floor with his head, clinging to the boards. And the next morning, waking up, rubbing cones and promise to drink.

Liberation from the Turks and the New Time

In the second half of the 19th century, rebellions broke out all over Bulgaria against the Turks, Tryavna is no exception, and on May 17, 1876, a mess also begins here. After lengthy hostilities with varying success, in 1877 the Tryavnians celebrate the liberation.

The new time brings new challenges and the need for change: manual labor is replaced by factory labor, and artisan grasshoppers have to adapt. Now their piece goods can not afford ordinary citizens, they prefer cheap goods that came off the machine.

However, in addition to the industrial revolution, the world has in store for Bulgaria another new trend - tourism. First tourists appeared in Tryavna in 1896, and were met with some distrust: some strangers came, not to earn money, and not to capture the city, but ... to look at it. But soon the grasshoppers realized that tourists were just delighted with everything traditional, folk, primordially-pogo, and you could make money on it.

The town healed again, and the state began to invest in its development. In the 21st century, the European Union joined it, and now every second building in Tryavna has a blue “sticker” with asterisks - a sign of restoration and investment. Not all objects are still in good condition, but restoration is proceeding at a good pace.

It is simply amazing how detailed the interior and exterior of traditional Bulgarian buildings are recreated.

Particular attention is paid to the unity of style - even the garbage sorting tanks are made of wood. So touching.

Tryavna invites tourists to walk along the streets, exhaling antiquities right in the face of passers-by, buy the very products of artisans and sit in national restaurants. And also in pastry shops, coffee houses - shekherdzhinitsahwhere you can try real Turkish coffee.

Well, and where without seals? The ironing of the cats is included in the national tourism development program.A joke (although perhaps it is worth offering this to the Bulgarian government).

Tryavna - how to get, what to see nearby

If you decide to go to Tryavna for a day or two, I recommend doing it by car: buses and trains go there rarely and inexplicably.

In addition, by car you can explore all the environs of Tryavna, rich in sights: it is located near the town Dryanovo and villages Bozhentsialso cozy and pretty. In addition, a little far away and amazing Veliko Tarnovo, which is already worth a linger.

Well, while wandering around that district, just smile: the locals gave their villages such distinctive names as Voneshka Voda, Prdlevtsi, Zinga and Salasuk.