The first whites to penetrate the mountain plateau, where Curitiba is located today, were the Bandeirants who came here in search of gold. The Portuguese documents of the colonial times preserved information about the expedition led by Eleodoro Ibanes Pereira from Paranagua in 1650, but it also mentions that the territory has already been visited before, and the militancy of the Guarani Indians inhabiting the plateau is noted.
In 1668, seventeen colonists led by Gabriel Lara established a settlement here. Nose Senhora da Luz do Pinhais (port. Nossa Senhora da Luz do Pinhais), which was granted official status on March 29, 1693, which is considered the formal date of foundation of the city. Throughout the XVIII century, the village grew quite slowly, the main occupation of the inhabitants was agriculture. By the end of the century, cattle breeding in southern Brazil became very profitable, which attracted new residents to the region (and to Curitiba in particular).
In 1842, the village acquired a city status with the name Curitiba, and in 1853 the city became the capital of the newly formed state of Parana. The city's economy developed rapidly, relying on cattle breeding, timber harvesting, mining and growing mate. In 1880-1885, the Curitiba-Paranagua railway was built, which provided the city with a growing access to the sea. By 1893, the construction of the Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Neo-Gothic style was completed (in 1993 he was elevated to the rank of a small basilica).
Due to the rapid economic development in the second half of the XIX century, Curitiba was one of the places of resettlement of European immigrants, mainly Russian Germans, Italians, Poles and Ukrainians. Traces of these immigrant waves are still clearly visible in the faces, traditions, cuisine and architecture of the city.
In 1894, during the so-called. The “Federalist Revolution” of 1893–1895 saw street battles between supporters of the separation of the South and government forces, which ended in the victory of the rebels and the flight of the governor. The central government regained control of Curitiba only after the end of the war.
Thanks to a thriving economy, the Curitiba leadership was able to pay great attention to urban planning and city improvement, nowadays known to the whole world for its uniquely successful history of infrastructure development.
Geography and climate
The site contains Curitiba attractions - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Curitiba, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Curitiba.
Curitiba Botanical Garden
The Curitiba Botanical Garden (Jardim Bot & # 226 nico de Curitiba), named Fanshetta Rischiter, is located in the southern region of Brazil, the capital of Parana, at the Federal State University. This is the main attraction of the city and an unofficial symbol of Southern Brazil.
The French-style botanical garden opened in 1991. On a vast area of 240 thousand square meters, huge flower beds are laid out, beautiful fountains are installed, picturesque waterfalls and lakes are arranged. In the main garden conservatory with an area of 458 square meters, rare species of plants are collected. The orangery is housed in an Art Nouveau building in the image of the London Crystal Palace.
The Curitiba Botanical Museum features a national collection of the region’s flora. The exposition consists of unique herbariums that attract researchers from all over the planet. There are a large number of plant species that grow in the Atlantic forests of eastern Brazil.
Afonso Pena Airport
Its construction was carried out during the Second World War by the Brazilian Air Force Department in collaboration with the United States Army (construction was completed in 1945).
In 1996, the current passenger terminal was built, and in 2008, the cargo terminal was modernized and the main runway was extended.
The terminal area is 26,000 m & # 178, it has 6 telescopic ramps, the airport capacity is 4.5 million passengers per year. The main terminal has a museum, a game center, a shopping arcade with 60 shops, and parking. More than ten airlines cooperate with the airport.
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Panoramic tower of Curitiba
The panoramic tower (Torre Panor & # 226 mica de Curitiba) is part of the Curitiba television tower. The forty-story 109-meter building was erected in 1991. The Panoramic Tower offers a breathtaking all-round view of the city and its surroundings. The observation deck is located above the ground at an altitude of about 100 meters.
The ground floor of this grandiose building is occupied by the city Museum of Communications. Here is a rich collection of various antique telephones and other interesting exhibits. The site is open to visitors all days of the week, except Mondays, from 10.00 to 19.30 hours. You can get to the TV tower by contacting the City Tourism Secretariat.
In photo mode, you can view the sights in Curitiba only by photographs.
Opera House Opera de Arame
The famous Curitiba Opera House Opera de Arame is located in das Pedreiras Park. The grand theater building is surrounded by cliffs, flower beds and water. The construction is a glazed frame made from openwork weaving of tubular metal structures. This is one of the most striking sights of the city.
The theater was opened in 1992. The auditorium Opera de Arame is able to accommodate about 2 thousand people. The amazing and unique architecture of the transparent building is striking in its unusualness and grandeur. To get to the theater, you must go through a high bridge over a picturesque lake.
Opera de Arame is a traditional venue for concerts and theater performances.
Baishad Arena is located in Curitiba. The football stadium named after Joaquim Americo Guimaraes is one of the oldest and at the same time one of the most modern in Brazil. This fact is explained by the fact that the opening of the Arena took place in 1914, and in 1999 the stadium underwent a major modernization.
To date, the Baishad Arena, owned by the Atletico Paranaense club, can accommodate about 25,000 spectators. However, for the upcoming 2014 FIFA World Cup, the stadium expects a new large-scale reconstruction, thanks to which the capacity should increase to 47375 people.
Historic Center of Curitiba
The historical center of Curitiba is a combination of important historical and cultural buildings.
The most important historical buildings are located here - such as the Church of St. Rosary, the Cathedral of Romario Martins, the Presbyterian Church, the ruins of the Church of St. Francis, the Garibaldi Society, the Curitiba Memorial, the Museum of Sacred Art, a floral clock, and the Memory Fountain.
Also in this area there are a huge number of bars, pubs and restaurants. Every Sunday in the center of Curitiba there is a Sunday market. Previously, this square was the center of trade, and today it has not lost its former status.
There is no traffic here, as local authorities take great care of the square and try to preserve its architectural monuments as much as possible.
Tanguua Park is one of the main in Curitiba. It opened in 1996 and covers an area of 23.5 hectares. In the park there are 2 half-flooded old quarries, they are connected by a tunnel 45 meters long. Visitors ride a boat through the tunnel, and there are also pedestrian bridges. This is a favorite place for romantic dates and family vacations.
The top of the quarry is equipped with a huge multi-level viewing platform, on which cafeterias are located, fountains and lawns are arranged. Also in the Tangua park there are artificial waterfalls, illuminated in the evening by spotlights, and the Ukrainian immigration memorial, built in the form of the Church of St. Michael.
Parana Public Library
Parana Public Library is one of the largest in Brazil. It was founded on March 7, 1857 and since 1954 it has been located in the center of Curitiba, in a historic building.
The library fund has about 630 thousand volumes, including books, periodicals, photographs, posters, maps and multimedia materials. This public cultural institution covers an area of 852,896 square meters and is one of the busiest public libraries in the country. The library is visited daily by an average of 3,000 users, about 2,000 books are issued.
Library services are provided on the basis of equal access for all age groups to products that meet their needs. It also offers special services for children and the visually impaired. In addition to providing the public with access to reading, the library also has a cultural program that includes film screenings, art exhibitions, weekly meetings on poetry and prose, literary workshops, and monthly meetings with writers of adult and children's literature.
A curved island off the coast of Brazil is a deserted place and devoid of civilization. That’s why it’s beautiful. There are no cars, roads, often electricity and other benefits of a comfortable life. There is only the sea, the sun, the madness of wild beaches and everything that nature can give a person.
Life on the island is simple and cleared of false values. It is very nice to wander around the endless white sands of a long beach, walk in the bushy shade of the jungle and enjoy the ever-exciting ocean. The remains of an 18th-century fortress built to protect against English pirates remind of the presence of man on the island. And some very primitive hotels.
You can get to the island only by sea. It is a calm and beautiful place, but the access of tourists here is limited.
A rusty beach is located south of Garopaba town center. Despite such an unusual name, it is one of the most beautiful beaches of the resort. It is located in a small bay, the sea is crystal clear. And the beach got its name thanks to the canal located nearby - when the sand settles in the canal, it acquires a rusty hue.
Rusty beach is popular among young people, surfers also chose it.
Nightlife here is as lively as daytime. Discos and bars on the coast are open to visitors almost until the morning. One of the most popular beach destinations is the Zado Bar.
However, on the right edge of the beach there is a fairly calm atmosphere, the sounds of discos from here are barely audible and due to the silence and calm water this part of the beach is chosen for families with children to relax.
The most popular attractions in Curitiba with descriptions and photos for every taste. Choose the best places to visit the famous places of Curitiba on our website.
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Directly around the city it is best to travel by The Linha Turismo buses (R $ 15, 9-17: 30pm Tue-Sun), which make stops near the most popular tourist attractions. They depart from Praça Tiradentes every half hour, but you can get hooked at every stop along the route. You can sit down and get down again up to 4 times. Look for timetables at stops.
Attractions and attractions in Curitiba
While in Curitiba, you cannot walk past 24 Horas. This is one of the most famous streets in Brazil. One gets the impression that she never goes into sleep: for 24 hours a day, life is in full swing here. And this is no coincidence. This street is a favorite place for everyone who loves shopping. However, in addition to shops, various restaurants and cafes are constantly operating here, where you can eat or order a sumptuous dinner.
120 Horas Street, with a length of 120 meters, attracts pedestrians' attention with elegant metal arches, of which there are already 32 pieces.
Curitiba is ready to make an amazing gift for all lovers and connoisseurs of fairy tales. This is the German Forest, or a German park, which was dedicated to the tales of the Brothers Grimm, German philosophers and thinkers, as well as the work of Johann Bach. In the park you can find a copy of the old wooden church, a wooden observatory with which you can admire the cityscape, as well as the tower of philosophers. In addition, on the territory of the German Forest there is also the Oratory, which is currently used for various concerts. If you travel with children, then they should definitely show the children's library.
Oscar Niemeyer Museum
Museum of the greatest architect of our day and just a visiting card of Curitiba. The museum building was built in 2002 and was originally simply called the “New Museum”. Only in 2003, he received the name of his brilliant creator - Oscar Niemeyer. Even if you are far from architecture, this is a must-visit place in Curitiba, because the intricate and amazing creations of Niemeyer’s architectural fantasies can amaze even the most uninteresting tourist.
Opera de Arama
One of the main attractions is the Opera de Arama Opera House. In addition, this is a peculiar visiting card of Curitiba. First of all, he will amaze all tourists with his design of transparent polycarbonate plates, steel rods and metal pipes.
The uniqueness of this building lies in the fact that it was erected in just 75 days. Currently, the opera house can accommodate 1,648 people.
Curitiba - a large city in southern Brazil, located 95 kilometers from the coast of the Atlantic Ocean and 400 km from São Paulo, the administrative center of the state of Parana. The population is 1,764,540 people (2011).
The name "Curitiba" is translated from the language of local Indians as "pine place", as the pine "Parana" is widespread in the vicinity.
Curitiba is considered one of the most environmentally friendly cities in the world, as well as one of the best places for quality of life in Brazil. This was facilitated by unique solutions for urban planning and the environment (today it is one of the greenest cities in Brazil), the preservation of the historical layout and architectural heritage, as well as the most advanced garbage collection system.
The first environmental university of Brazil, the Open Environmental University, was created in the city, where researchers study the impact of city growth and its economy on the environment and the impact of industrialization factors on the health of residents.
In addition, Curitiba has one of the best urban public transport systems not only in the country, but also in the world.
Up Last changes: 04/08/2012
The city was founded in 1693.
Curitiba was one of the privileged places for European immigrants who arrived in Brazil in the 19th century - mainly Germans, Italians, Poles, and Ukrainians.
Since 1971, the city has become a living laboratory for the implementation of the creative ideas of the Institute of Research and Urban Planning of Curitiba. Thanks to the focused policy of Jaime Lerner, who spent a total of 12 years as mayor of the city (1971-75, 1979-84 and 1989-92), Curitiba is today one of the best places for quality of life in Brazil.
Up Last changes: 04/08/2012
It is believed that Curitiba has one of the best urban public transport systems (consists of only buses), which is the most unique, efficient and modern in the world and is called Metrobus.
Metrobus or High-speed bus (Bus rapid transit, BRT) - a method of organizing bus communication, characterized by higher operational characteristics compared to conventional buses (speed, reliability, carrying capacity).
From the usual bus transport systems, Metrobus has several features.
• Routes run along dedicated lanes (in whole or in part). Often, traffic lights switch directly from the bus, which provides them with priority in movement. At intersections, buses have advantages.
• Often used non-standard buses, such as articulated multi-section.
• On some systems, stops resemble light metro stations: they have ticket and information desks, are equipped with turnstiles (which contributes to a faster boarding of passengers, as tickets are checked and bought before boarding the bus).
The floors of the station and the bus are at the same height, which is very convenient for the disabled. Passengers get off the bus at one end of the station and land through the other.
Each express bus line carries up to 20,000 passengers per hour. This is similar to the usual metro, but differs from the latter in that it costs at least a hundred times cheaper and can be opened after six months, and not after 5-20 years.
Buses in Curitiba is the busiest bus system in Brazil, providing three quarters of all urban and suburban transportation - about 2 million passengers a day, more than in New York.
It was in Curitib that a completely new type of bus was introduced for the first time - comfortable, economical and fast. These special long buses consist of three sections connected to each other for cornering and have up to 5 wide doors. They can carry up to 270 passengers, use 40% less fuel and make the route 3 times faster than traditional buses.
In addition to buses and cars, more than 160 km of well-designed bicycle paths are laid in the city, separated from the roadway and connected into a single network with streets and parks. More than 30,000 bicycles are used daily in Curitiba.
Up Last changes: 04/08/2012
Iguazu Park and Curitiba Zoo
Iguazu Park and Curitiba Zoo (Parque do Iguaçu e Zoo de Curitiba) - founded in 1982, is considered the largest urban park in Brazil and covers an area of about 830 hectares in the southwestern part of Curitiba.
The park is divided into several seven sectors: sports - sports fields, including a baseball stadium, sea - numerous reservoirs with good conditions for rowing and canoeing, fishing, natural forests, public gardens, a nature reserve and a zoo.
The park has a grill and snack bars, as well as parking, locker rooms and toilets.
The zoo is spread over an area of 53 hectares; in total, more than 1,400 animals live here, including lions, tigers, chimpanzees, hippos, giraffes, zebras, camels and many other species (about 80 in total).
Up Last changes: 05/11/2012
Other Curitiba Attractions
Many of Curitiba's tourist attractions are closed on Monday. The city tourist sightseeing bus also does not work on this day.
Tiradentes Square - the main square of the city, it is believed that it was here that Curitiba was born. The architectural ensemble of the square is dominated by the Gothic Cathedral of Nossa Senor da Luz (Catedral Basílica Menor de Nossa Senhora da Luz).
Japan Square (Praça do Japão) or Japan square - A small area dedicated to the memory of the first Japanese immigrants who settled in these places. In the square there is a picturesque garden with 30 sakura trees (brought from Japan), with small artificial ponds, a traditional Japanese tea house and a cultural center.
Opera de Arame - A unique operating opera house, one of the main attractions and business cards of Curitiba.
The theater building is unique in that it was built in 75 days in 1992 in an abandoned quarry (now the territory of the Pedreiras city park), and the building material was metal pipes, steel structures and transparent polycarbonate plates.
The auditorium of the Opera de Arama is designed for 2100 people, but after the reconstruction of 2006, the capacity decreased to 1648 people.
Oscar Niemeyer Museum (Museu Oscar Niemeyer) - Curitiba's calling card and one of its main attractions.
It was built in 2002 and was originally called the “New Museum”, and in 2003 it received the name of its creator Oscar Niemeyer, one of the most prominent Brazilian architects of the 20th century, who designed all government buildings in the city of Brasilia.
The Oscar Niemeyer Museum consists of two buildings, in which there are exhibition halls, as well as modern audiovisual shows.
Thanks to the original design of the building, located in the center of an artificial reservoir and shaped like a huge, eyes hanging in the air, it is often called the “Museum of the Eye”.
Ukrainian Memorial (Memorial Ucraniano) - was opened in 1995 as a tribute to immigrants from Ukraine. It repeats the outlines of the ancient Ukrainian church of St. Michael, located in the city of Mallet in the state of Parana. Located in the city park of Tingui (Tingüi Park).
Arabic Memorial (Memorial Árabe) - Built as a tribute to Arab immigrants and the Middle East culture. The small building of the memorial has the shape of a cube, is surrounded by water and is made in the Moorish style, has a dome, columns, arches and stained glass windows.
A specialized library is located in the building of the Arabian Memorial.
Curitiba Panoramic Tower (Torre Panorâmica de Curitiba) - Telecommunication 109 meter tower in Curitiba, with an observation deck located at an altitude of 95 m, which offers stunning views of the city. Open to visitors from Tuesday to Sunday from 10 to 19 hours.
Rua 24 Horace (Rua 24 Horas) or 24 hours street - A popular place for recreation and shopping with tourism and local residents. It is a covered 120-meter street where a futuristic structure of metal and glass covers 34 shops, cafes and restaurants, working around the clock. Free Wi-Fi is available.
Rua das Flores or "Street of Flowers" - One of the main streets in the center of Curitiba, a popular tourist destination, with street performers, shops, bars and restaurants. It is the first pedestrian street in Brazil (became one in 1972).
Up Last changes: 05/12/2012
How to get to Curitiba
Curitiba is located 400 km from São Paulo and 840 km from Rio de Janeiro. From these cities you can get here by plane or bus (about 6 hours).
Afonso Pena International Airport (Aeroporto Internacional Afonso Pena) - the main air gate of Curitiba, is located 16 km from the city center.
Avianca Brazil - from Campo Grande, Cuiaba, Porto Alegre
Azul Brazilian Airlines - from Campinas, Foz do Iguacu, Salvador
Gol Airlines - from Belo Horizonte, Brasilia, Buenos Aires (Argentina), Campinas, Campo Grande, Cuiaba, Florianopolis, Foz do Iguaçu, Manaus, Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo
NHT Linhas Aéreas - Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo
PLUNA - from Montevideo (Uruguay)
TAM Airlines - from Belém, Belo Horizonte, Brasilia, Campinas, Fortaleza, Foz do Iguacu, Natal, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Sao Paulo
TRIP Linhas Aéreas - from Belo Horizonte, Campinas, Campo Grande, Cuiaba, Florianopolis, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo
Webjet - from Belo Horizonte, Brasilia, Fortaleza, Foz do Iguacu, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Sao Paulo