Attractions Hesse


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Attractions Hesse

The site contains the sights of Hesse - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Hesse, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Hesse.

Mouse tower

The mouse tower on Binger Island was built as a watchtower in the first half of the 14th century to protect Ehrenfels Castle, which served as a point of collection of trade duties for the electorate of Mainz.

In 1689, the tower was destroyed by French troops. It was restored between 1856 and 1858, with the personal participation of the Prussian emperor Friedrich Wilhelm IV and the architect of the Cologne Cathedral, Ernst Friedrich Zwinger. The Mouse Tower, recreated in the neo-Gothic style, again adorns the Rhine landscape.

There are several legends about the meaning of the name of the tower. One of them, recorded in 1516, says that the name comes from the medieval German word "m & # 251 sen", which means looking for a way out. It is believed that the customs of Ehrenfels Castle was connected to the tower by a secret passage. However, according to an ancient legend, there is another explanation for the choice of name. The heartless bishop Hatto allegedly tried to escape in a tower from a huge flock of mice. But his pursuers still managed to swim to the tower and devoured the bishop.

Wilhelmshoehe mountain park

Wilhelmshöhe Mountain Park - famous park in Kassel, Hesse, Germany. Included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Known for its beautiful waterfalls and Wilhelmshöhe Palace, located on a hilltop in the park. Also, one of the statues, the giant sculpture of Hercules, located here, has become a symbol of the city of Kassel.

The construction of the park in the Baroque style began in 1689 under Karl Kasselsky, and was completed only in the 19th century. First, water park cascades were erected, stretching from east to west. Canals and pools, which can be seen behind the famous statue of Hercules, are part of a complex hydropneumatic system that provides water movement for a whole complex of fountains and grottoes.

The second most popular attraction of the park (after the statue of Hercules) is the Big Fountain, which, like a geyser, throws water at 50 meters. A huge beautiful park, ponds and its hydraulic features - this is a clear evidence of the aesthetics of romanticism and Baroque.

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Museum of Science and Technology

Mathematikum - The Museum of Science and Technology, located at Gie & szlig en, offers a huge variety of mathematical practical exhibitions.

It was founded by Albrecht Boytelspacher, a German mathematician. Mathematikum opened its doors to visitors on November 19, 2002, by German President Johannes Rau. Since then, the museum has attracted more than 500,000 visitors.

More than 150,000 people visit the museum annually. The museum is open every day of the week, including Sunday.

In photo mode, you can view the sights in Hesse only by photographs.

Levenburg Castle

Levenburg is a fairly young building, erected in the XVII century, although many attribute it to a medieval castle. Near the palace there is an armory room where you can find weapons and armor of the XV-XVI centuries, and a chapel in which the grave of the founder of the castle is located.

Lowenburg Castle is often called a "fake castle." The ideological inspirer of the fake castle is William IX himself, who instructed the architect to erect a structure that could be compared with English medieval palaces. The castle looks like a real fortress, although in fact it is not a fortress.

To implement the ideas of William IX, the architect specifically had to go to England, to study in detail the ruins of the English fortresses, and to draw up a plan for the construction of the magnificent Levenberg and the adjacent garden. The whole complex is one beautiful garden in the English manner, with thematic branches. This is the first of such facilities in Europe. In the garden you can see fake palace ruins, fake aqueducts of Rome, and even Greek temples. Outside, the castle is surrounded by a moat, and you can get inside thanks to the drawbridge.

The interior atmosphere of the castle is also unique. Here you can find original medieval furniture, altar slabs, weapons and armor that adorn the walls, tables for games, bronze statues and stained-glass windows. The castle was intentionally built in such a way as if it took part in many battles and sieges. In fact, the effect of antiquity is artificial. Most of the halls and parts of Levenburg are freely accessible to tourists. Near the castle there is a weapons room with weapons and armor of the 16-17th centuries, as well as the founder's grave chapel.

Levenburg does not have such a history as the more eminent German castles, but it deservedly takes its place in the list of the most beautiful castles in Germany.

Forest Spiral

Forest Spiral is an unusual residential complex in Darmstadt. The author of the project is Friedensreich Hundertwasser, who was a supporter of the harmony of man with nature, so the house turned out to be of an extraordinary shape, without rectangular lines, with different windows and with trees on the roof.

The main idea of ​​the architect was to imitate nature - the building should fit into the surrounding landscape, be unlike the others and have a roof garden. There was also an idea to make the floor uneven, however, due to difficulties with finding furniture, the author of the project decided to leave the floor level. The construction is made in the form of a horseshoe and spirals up. In addition to 105 apartments, the house has a patio with lawns, artificial lakes, a playground, parking and other infrastructure. The original appearance of the house with walls painted in pink, yellow and beige, as well as with windows of various shapes and sizes, attracts the attention of fans of Hundertwasser and its style, as well as ordinary tourists.

Frankenstein Castle

The name Frankenstein today is an integral part of popular culture. The monstrous monster invented by Mary Shelley has become a popular hero in numerous horror films. Few people know that Frankenstein is the real name of an old family of German barons, whose castle can still be seen near the German city of Darmstadt.

The first mention of Frankenstein Castle, associated with the name of its first owner, Lord Conrad II, dates back to 1252. The castle towering on a hill became the center of the principality of Frankenstein; it was rebuilt several times during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. In 1662 the castle was sold, for some time it housed a hospital and a prison, but, in the end, it was abandoned and today it is in ruins.

One of the most interesting owners of the castle was the alchemist Johann Conrad Dippel. Even during the life of Dippel, his name was overgrown with rumors and legends. It is said that during unsuccessful experiments with nitroglycerin, the alchemist launched an explosion that destroyed one of the castle towers. Once Johann Conrad was accused of stealing corpses from a local cemetery. Apparently, he studied anatomy, and there was no other way to get material for research at that time.

It is not known for certain whether the story of Dippel inspired Mary Shelley, who was resting in 1814 near Darmstadt, to write her famous novel. However, the name Frankenstein is widely used to attract tourists to the castle, so every autumn there is a costume festival here for Halloween.

Rheinstein Castle

Rheinstein Castle with a toothed crown at the top of the tower, which denoted the free status of residents, was built in the 10th century and served as a battle castle.

Throughout its existence, the castle has not experienced a single serious siege. The most famous event that occurred within the walls of the fortress was the trial of the robber knights Zoonack, Ehrenfels and Reichenstein, which took place in the 13th century under the leadership of Emperor Rudolf von Habsburg. They were accused of numerous robberies and murders, and then beheaded in front of the chapel of St. Clemens, one of the oldest churches located on the banks of the Rhine.

In the XIX century, the castle was acquired by the Prussian prince Friedrich Wilhelm and began to actively restore it. Now the castle is visited by tourists. Near it annual festivals and concerts are held. The most exciting action is the Rhine Lights festival, when spectacular fireworks are arranged on a ferry near the castle.

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Eagle tower

The Eagle Tower in Rudesheim is legendary and has a rich history. It was the corner tower of the old city wall, passing along the banks of the Rhine.

The building was built in the XV century in the late Gothic style. The tower is 21 meters high, its internal diameter is 5 meters, and the wall thickness is 1 meter. The building consisted of four floors, including underground rooms, which housed a dungeon and warehouses for medicines, food and ammunition. Access to the tower was through a hole in its upper compartment.

For many years the construction stood in oblivion. In the XX century, the Zum Adler Hotel was located in the tower, from which it got its name. The famous German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe often liked to stay here. Currently, the Eagle Tower is the property of the bank, at certain hours it is open to visitors.

The most popular attractions in Hesse with descriptions and photographs for every taste. Choose the best places to visit the famous places of Hesse on our website.

Beautiful places and attractions

Discover a selection of the best spots and attractions in GASSIN

This is a cultural and leisure park in Gassin that has camping and other entertainment facilities. You can have a camping camp at Montana Park Camping and spend a lot of time. Children can enjoy Carousel's attractions. Enjoy the rides and other recreational facilities in the park. Its a good place to have fun and spend the night playing games

This is a beautiful village, which is located on a hilltop above the Mediterranean Sea. Take a stroll around the village and discover historical sites. Visit Gassin and get to Castle Square and Notre Dame Church. The prison, which was designed in the Arabian architectural style, is located in the village. Cap Camarat Lighthouse is another attraction.

Golf Club Saint Tropez

This 18 hole golf course and 71 course pairs is located in Gassin. It is located in the countryside and has magnificent lush green aesthetics. You can visit the golf academy and learn more about the game. In addition, there is a restaurant, spa, pro shop and club in the premises of the golf club.

Hardy Botanical Garden Denonain

This garden has a wide variety of Mediterranean plants. It was recognized as an outstanding garden in 2009. The garden was created in the form of four terraces and covers 2500 square meters. Visit Gassin and hit the botanical garden in spring when the flora is in full bloom.

Galerie Dei Quarter

Founded in 1969, it is an amazing and famous gallery in the city. Here you will come across European and North American contemporary rhetorical art. Some of the selected works of art by world famous artists and new young talents are on display here.

This is a great tourist spot, which is located on city streets. There is an old well here that reminds us of the past of the city. This street is considered the narrowest street in the world. That is why it attracts all tourists.

The history of Gassin can be traced back to 1234, when advanced civilizations appeared on this earth. It is actually one of the most ancient villages in the south of France. The name of the village was derived from "Garcin" from the 10th century. The Romans occupied the city and were credited to the development of agriculture in the city. The castle on the rock was built by the Templars. The city was also occupied by the Moors during the 13th century. This is evident from the remains of the same. It is believed that the main purpose of creating the city was to allow local residents to avoid pirates. The latter sailed through the waters of the Mediterranean Sea to the city. During the 19th century, various industries such as cork and silkworms developed in the city. In addition, charcoal by the local population was also among the main trades during this time.

The total population of Gassin according to the 2006 census is 2912. Here, the population density is

The prevailing climate in the city is warm and temperate. There is more rainfall in the winter season compared to the summer season. The climate here is considered a Csb type according to the Köppen and Geiger classification system. The average temperature is 14.4 ° C. The average temperatures in the hottest and coldest months are 21.8 ° C and 7.7 ° C, respectively. It is in July and January in that order. Average annual temperatures range from 14.1 ° C throughout the year. The average annual rainfall received by the city is 802 mm. During the month of November, the average rainfall is 111mm on average. On the other hand, the least amount of precipitation received during the month of July, when it is 11mm on average. There is a difference of 100 mm of precipitation against the background of the driest and wettest months of the current year. For more climate information at this climate link


Hesse is surprisingly rich in the sights of Germany. Here you will see the most diverse natural landscapes: heather steppes, and dense forests, and swamps, and picturesque lakes and rivers. Amazing historical places that tell you about the times of the Germans, Romans or the Middle Ages have been preserved in this federal state. Hesse lies at the intersection of major transport routes. Hesse is the largest hub for international air traffic, thanks to the airport in Frankfurt. As regards wellness, there are numerous mineral springs and resorts at your service.

In the land of Hesse there are many famous cities in Germany. The cities of Hesse are in themselves unusually interesting. Picturesque vineyards, romantic half-timbered cities, elegant resorts and cultural centers of an international level make an indelible impression.
Frankfurt am Main, the city of trade shows and banks, has the largest airport in continental Europe. Frankfurt am Main, a city of world-class banks and industry exhibitions, will make a lasting impression on you with its magnificent silhouette.Nevertheless, one can truly love this city only by getting to know it better: taking a walk along the carefully restored Romerberg Square, which in Russian means “Roman Mountain”, or along the Main promenade, known as the “Museum Embankment” (Museumsmeile ), tasting apple wine in the cozy beer cellars of the Sachsenhausen district, walking along the pedestrian street "Fressgass", i.e. “Fressgass”, so named because of the large number of cafes and restaurants located here, or along the elegant Goethestrase street. In addition, you will find a rich cultural program, thanks to which Frankfurt has acquired the status of a city of world significance.

In town Kassel (Kassel) on the Fulda River, tourists come here not only once every five years, when there is an exhibition of contemporary art “Documenta”. After all, Kassel is rich in sights of Germany for every taste. Fans of cultural attractions admire local museums, lovers of fairy tales come to the capital of the famous German “Fairy Tale Street” (Marchenstra? E), which stretches for 600 km from Hanau to Bremen to wander around the places of fairy tales of the Brothers Grimm.
In the centuries-old forest Reinhardswald (Reinhardswald) hid the fairytale castle Zababurg (Sababurg), where, according to legend, the Sleeping Beauty slept in a deep sleep, waiting for the handsome prince. On Mount Hoher Meisner (Hoher Mei? Ner), whose height is 754 m, Mrs. Metelitsa once lived from the fairy tale of the Brothers Grimm.

At the foot of the Taunus mountain range and on the banks of the Rhine is the capital of Hesse - Wiesbaden (Wiesbaden). This is a city with a high standard of living, a city of villas and wines, a resort with thermal springs. Refined atmosphere, impressive architecture, many diverse parks and squares, as well as rich cultural life - all this is Wiesbaden, a modern center of congresses and culture.

Short story

The history of the land of Hesse begins long before the history of Germany. The territory of Hesse in the 1st century BC was inhabited by the Germanic tribe of the Hutts, and later Hesses related to them. They gradually merged with the Franks and became part of their state. Hesse at that time was divided into counties, from which the county of Goodesberg in Lower Hesse was especially prominent, which in 1137 passed to Ludwig I of Thuringian. After the war for the Thuringian inheritance (1247), Hesse passed to Heinrich Dityati and from 1264 became officially called landgrafism. Under the successors of Henry, the limits of Hesse were constantly expanding. In the XV century. two lines were formed: Hesse-Kasselskaya and Hesse-Marburg, the latter soon ceased, and in II year William II again united the whole of Hesse in his hands.

His son, Philip the Magnanimous (1504-1567), pacified Franz von Sikingen in 1523 and crushed the peasant uprising. As an advocate of the teachings of Luther, he entered into a defensive and offensive alliance with John, Saxon Elector of Saxony (in Torgau 1526), ​​introduced the Reformation in 1526, and established the 1st Evangelical University in Marburg (1527). He took an active part in the formation of the Schmalkadhen Union, after the battle of Mülberg in 1547 he was captured, but by 1552, according to the Passau Treaty, he received freedom and his possessions. After his death, his sons divided the country into four parts: Hesse-Kassel, Hesse-Marburg, Hesse-Reinfel and Hesse-Darmstadt. But at the beginning of the XVII century, she concentrated in the hands of two lines: Hesse-Kassel and Hesse-Darmstadt. From the first side branches come: Rothenburg, Eschwege, Reinfels-Wanfried, Philippstal, Barkhfeld, Homburg.

The youngest son of Philip the Magnanimous, George I the Pious, the founder of the Darmstadt line, did a lot for the material well-being of the country. Due to the inheritance of his son, Ludwig V (1595-1626), inherited from Ludwig IV of the Principality of Marburg Giessen, a long struggle broke out between Hesse-Darmstadt and Hesse-Kassel, during which the Lutheran University in Giessen was founded (1607), because the only one Hesse's entire university at Marburg, Moritz of Kasselsky attached a purely reformist character. The struggle ended only with the son of Ludwig V, George II the Scientist.

Under the successors of George II, Hesse-Darmstadt suffered a lot during the wars of Louis XIV, especially the war for the Spanish inheritance. Ludwig X (1790-1830) gained, for his losses to the lion. the bank of the Rhine and for abandoning Baden and Nassau-Usingen, the Duchy of Westphalia, the 12 Mainz and 3 Palatinate districts, the imperial city of Friedberg and the church district of Wimpfen, of which he formed 3 provinces: Starkenburg, Obergessen and Westfalia. Having joined the Rhine Union in 1806, on August 14 he accepted the title of Grand Duke, under the name of Ludwig I, and when he, according to the Vienna Congress, instead of Westfalia and the lands on Main, ceded to them, received part of Donnersberg for the lion. The bank of the Rhine and part of Isenburg on the right bank then assumed the title of Grand Duchy of G. and the Rhine. March 18, 1820 he introduced a representative device. Under his son, Ludwig II (1830-48), the July Revolution echoed in G. Darmstadt with unrest, which were soon suppressed. Debt payment requirements led. Hertz., police severity against the Democrats and the abolition (1846) of the Rhine region. hertz. French civil laws strengthened the opposition party. When the February Revolution broke out, the liberals, led by Heinrich Gagern, introduced into the chamber a demand for the convening of an all-German national representation. On March 5, the heir to the throne was declared regent, and Hagern - Minister of the Interior. Under Ludwig III (1848-77), Gagern's successor, Jaup, transformed the administration, introduced a public court, abolished the right to hunt, but because of his sympathy for Prussia, Dalvig, who in 1866 sided with Austria, took his place.

After the defeats at Laufach and Asafenburg, Hesse was occupied by the Prussians and led only kindred relationships. hertz. At home, Russia and England owed the fact that the conditions of the world were relatively not difficult: Prussia made minor land concessions, balanced by the acquisition of some Hessian-Kassel possessions, paid 3 mil. guilders of military indemnity. Part of Hesse, north of Main, became part of the North German Union. In the same 1866, a military convention was concluded with Prussia, and on April 11, 1867, a defensive and offensive alliance. In the war of 1870-71, the Hessian troops fought bravely with the Prussians at Gravelott and the Loire.