The island of Fernandin of the Galapagos archipelago is located in the waters of the Pacific Ocean and was named after the King of Spain, who supported the great discoverer of Columbus on his expedition.
In the very center of the island there is an active volcano La Cumbre, in this regard, a trip to Fernandina poses some threat to tourists. There you can see the hollow formed as a result of the collapse of the top of the volcano, at the bottom of which a volcanic lake shimmers with all the colors of the rainbow. Tourists are not allowed here, so you have to be content with walks along the coast, admiring the vast expanses of the Pacific Ocean.
Flora is not rich, the only thing that can survive in difficult natural conditions is laurel cacti, of which there are a great many, and mangroves along the coast.
A pleasant surprise may be a meeting with cormorants, marine iguanas, and, of course, the famous Galapagos penguins. And on the seashore, sea lions bask in the rays of the hot sun, sometimes giving their loud voice, capable of blocking the enchanting sound of the surf.
Location: Ecuador, Galapagos Islands, Fernandina Island
Coordinates: N -0.37353300 -91.56372100
Flora and fauna
Punta Espinoza is a narrow stretch of land where hundreds of marine iguanas gather in large groups on black lava rocks. The famous flightless cormorant inhabits this island as well as penguins, pelicans and sea lions. The Narborough Island tortoise is a highly elusive species of Galápagos tortoise restricted to the island, thought likely extinct when no sighting had been made for 113 years after 1906, one old female being found in 2019.
Mangrove forests are also found on the island.