Why do you need to go to the archaeological museum in Alanya


Address: Saray, Alanya Arkeoloji Müzesi, 07400 Alanya / Antalya, Turkey

Coordinates: 36.544017, 31.988697

Phones: +90 242 513 12 28

Working hours: look here

How to get there

From the bus station or Cleopatra beach

On foot along Ataturk Boulevard to the street Güzelyalı Cd. And right to the park. Then left on the street. İsmet Hilmi Balcı Cd. to the museum (on the right side). On foot for about 20 minutes.

The Archaeological Museum of the resort town of Alanya is an exposition of various antiquities discovered in Turkey.

It was founded in 1967. Today it is a large museum, the exposition of which is located in 14 rooms and in an open area. The collection is constantly updated due to archaeological excavations that are constantly conducted in Turkey.

Here you can see exhibits of various historical eras: the Phrygian Kingdom, Ancient Lydia, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, the Byzantine Empire, etc.

Photo and description

The Turkish city of Alanya has a rich history, and the exposition of the City Museum is a confirmation of this. The museum was built in 1967, but the number of exhibits in it is regularly increasing, and the collection of artifacts is constantly updated. Excavations are ongoing on the territory of the Turkish state, so a large number of exhibits are waiting in line to get into a permanent exhibition. Museum staff often travel to historical sites to evaluate findings. Quite often, museum specialists collaborate with foreign archaeologists for a more thorough analysis of priceless and historically significant things.

The museum building has an unusual structure and consists of one external and fourteen internal exhibition halls. The museum exposition is a collection of artifacts from such historical periods as Phrygian, Lydian, Greek and Byzantine. At the entrance to the museum in huge showcases, architectural monuments of the Bronze Age are exhibited, such states as Phrygia, Urartu, Lydia, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece and Byzantium. In the large hall of the museum, Byzantine and ancient Roman products from burnt clay, glass, bronze and marble are exhibited, letters in the language of the principality of Karamanids, mosaics from 7-5 centuries BC

In the archeology hall is the oldest exhibit of the Archaeological Museum - a stone with an inscription in the language of the Phoenicians, dated 625 BC. No less historically valuable finds of the Alanya Museum are the tombstone made in the first century BC, and fragments of ancient inscriptions.

The most valuable exhibit of the Archaeological Museum is the statue of Hercules, a hero of ancient myths and legends, well known to this day. It was cast in bronze in the second century BC. and today is in a separate room. The sculpture, 51.5 centimeters high, was discovered in 1967 in the mountain town of Asartepe, which is located in the north-east of Alanya. Historians believe that the monument was brought here by the pirates who dominated the mountain of Cilicia, like a trophy from a ship they robbed or from any locality. The sculpture impresses with the high skill of the author who made it. The muscles of the body are very realistic, the man’s hair and beard are believably depicted, his face has such a lively expression that it surprises even the most sophisticated viewer. Examining the sculpture of Hercules, you can feel his fatigue from accomplished feats and satisfaction from another victory, feel his extraordinary power.

The highlight of the Archaeological Museum of Alanya is the extensive exposition of the so-called vessels for ashes. These finds belong to the Byzantine and Roman periods, they are made in the form of a sarcophagus, and their covers are saddle-shaped. On the wide walls of the vessels, various drawings, plant garlands, horseman figures are applied, in some places between the patterns you can see images of male and female faces, and on some vessels even ancient Greek inscriptions are found. The vessels are placed both in the museum building and in the garden. They are made of limestone, abundant in Alanya, and are associated with the burial custom that existed here in ancient times. It is very difficult to dig up the earth in the rocky rocks of this area, so the locals burned the body of the deceased, and his ashes were placed in special vessels. The burning of the deceased was evidence of respect for him, moreover, this rite guaranteed immortality not only to the deceased, but also to all his relatives.

Among the exhibits of the museum there is a large collection of coins that are artifacts of the Ancient Greek period, the Byzantine, Roman, Ottoman and Seljuk empires, and there are coins from the time of the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey. The museum displays an interesting weapons collection of the Ottoman era (bow, guns, arrows, swords). One of the museum's attractions is the handwritten text of the Holy Quran.

The second half of the museum is devoted to ethnographic artifacts of the Ottoman and Seljuk era, it is interesting to see a part of the old house of those times, recreated from excavations in Alanya and its environs. Archaeologists had to disassemble the building into separate parts in order to be taken to the museum and assembled already in the museum in accordance with the drawings.

It is impossible to place all the exhibits in the museum building; therefore, some of them are exhibited in the garden. It exhibits old clothes, nomad carpets, ancient weapons, jewelry, original embroidery and many other examples of local culture, collected at different times in the region. A collection of stone products from the Byzantine, Roman and Islamic periods. Here you can appreciate the wonderful examples of local art of wood carving, admire the handmade carpets that adorned the Turks' dwellings earlier. In the courtyard of the museum, a press for pressing grapes and other agricultural mechanisms was recreated.

Where to go to lovers of the underworld - the most popular caves in Alanya

Where can I go in Alanya when all the main attractions have already been seen, but I don’t want to lie on the beach all day long? Of course, to the museum! It sounds pretty boring, but it really turned out to be really interesting there. Perhaps this is one of the best archaeological museums in Turkey, and we saw a lot of them in 2 months!

1. Brief historical background

The Archaeological Museum in Alanya received its first visitors almost fifty years ago. And since excavations in Turkey are ongoing, the museum’s collection is annually updated with fresh exhibits. And very soon the museum will have to look for a new, more spacious room.

Today, unique exhibits are exhibited in fourteen internal rooms and even in the outdoor garden! The museum has two thematic departments: archaeological finds and ethnographic art.

The first stores a collection of products from marble, fired clay, bronze and glass. The second presents household items, clothes, weapons and jewelry of the distant ancestors of the inhabitants of modern Alanya.

The oldest exhibit of the museum is a stone with an inscription in the language of the ancient Phoenicians (625 BC)! The tombstone stele, which is more than 2000 years old, and the statue of Hercules from bronze, cast even before our era, are also considered to be the most valuable artifacts.

And the Alanya Museum is famous for its chic collection of ancient coins and weapons.

But the main "feature" of the museum is hundreds of vessels for ashes. In the rocky rocks of ancient Alanya, excavating land for graves was extremely difficult. Therefore, local residents simply burned the bodies of their loved ones, and their ashes were stored in special limestone vessels.