Moerenum Park is notable for the fact that in the 70-80s of the last century it was built on the site of a former city dump, the territory of which was found unsuitable for either construction or human habitation. The Moerenuma is not a traditional Japanese park; on the contrary, it is a park laid out in accordance with modern concepts of landscape design. In the early 2000s, the Moerenum was awarded the main prize of the prestigious Japanese design competition Good design.
The author of the project was Isamu Noguchi, the famous sculptor, architect and theater artist in Japan, who combined East and West in his work. According to his projects, parks were built in Paris, Miami, Jerusalem and other cities of the world. Moerenum Park was his last work, which he did not have time to finish - the artist died in 1988 in New York. The completion of the construction took place under the supervision of his colleagues. In memory of the artist, a gallery of his works was created in the main building of the park - the 30-meter glass pyramid of Hidamari.
Moerenuma Park is located in the north-east of Sapporo and is included in the so-called "green ring" surrounding the city. Its name in translation means "marshland." Preparations for the construction began with the disposal of garbage in 1970, and the main work began in 1982 - fertile land was brought to this place and trees were planted. The general plan of the park was developed only in 1988.
In the main building of the park, in addition to the Isamu Noguchi Gallery, there are also observation platforms, exhibition halls, cafes and restaurants. Another attraction of the Moerenuma is an artificial mountain, on its top there is another observation deck, which offers not only views of the park, but also a panorama of the whole city. Near the man-made mountain is a gigantic sculptural composition - a 13-meter pyramid of steel beams. For concerts and shows in the park was built pavilion "Sea Shell". In one of the park's districts there are seven playgrounds equipped with various devices for outdoor games: swings, slides, stairs, etc.
The center of the park, according to the plan of Isamu Noguchi, was supposed to be the "Fountain of the Sea" with two bowls located one in the other, a column of water from which rises 25 meters in height. The light and music show "Water Symphony" with the participation of the fountain takes place three times a day.
The park was built on the basis of the concept of the Sapporo ring green belt, an urban layout aimed at developing Sapporo's urban areas with parks and green belts. Its area is 188.8 hectares. The project of the park was developed by the famous architect Isamu Noguchi, but he died in 1988, so work on the project continued on the basis of his concept. The symbol of the park is considered a glass pyramid with a height of 32 m and an area of 2483 m 2, which is called HIDAMARI (sunny place). Moere Beach, a man-made bathing area, and the Sea Fountain with a circumference of 48 meters, throwing a stream of water into the air to a height of 25 meters, are also popular. In summer, fireworks festivals are held here, in the spring you can contemplate over 3,000 sakura trees, in the fall - admire the foliage, and in the winter - ski on a flat terrain. Many people visit the park to see a unique project designed by Isamu Noguchi, or simply enjoy the sights of the park.
Before the construction of Moerenuma Park, the place has been used as a garbage reclaimed ground since 1979. Under the Sapporo Circular Greenbelt Concept, a city planning project that aims at developing the urban areas of Sapporo with greenbelts and parks, construction began in 1982. Sapporo asked Isamu Noguchi to design the park.
Noguchi's first visit to Sapporo was in March 1988, when the place was still used as a reclaimed ground in part. Impressed with the landscape and the northern skyline, Noguchi contracted the offer from Sapporo government and made the master plan of the park, which includes the concept of "park that is cons> On December 30 in the same year, however, right after making a miniature model of the planned park, Isamu Noguchi died of heart failure in New York City, and the park was constructed with his master plan from 1989.
In 1990, land reclamation of garbage was totally closed. It had 71.2 ha and 2,736,000 tons of garbage carried to the place until 1990.
In 1997, Moerenuma Park made a park twinning agreement with the Bayfront Park in Miami, United States. The park won the Good Design Award in 2002, 11th Sapporo Urban Scenery Award in 2003, and Hokka> The park was partly open during construction, and on July 1, 2005, the entire construction was completed (although it was initially planned to be complete in 2004). The Sapporo international art festival was held in 2014 and 2017.
The name "Moerenuma" (Moere marsh) is derived from the word "Moyre pet" in Ainu language, which means "a slowly flowing river." Moere marsh was in the place long before the park was constructed. The official name of the marsh is Shinoro New River. It is sa> It currently connects to the Kariki New River. The Moere marsh is surrounding the whole area of the park ground.
The entire area of the park is 1,888,000 m² including the Moere marsh, coming to a total cost of 27 billion yen. The park has 120 pieces of playground equipment, about 3,000 cherry trees, and the parking lots holds 1,500 vehicles. The construction is mainly supervised by Isamu Noguchi Foundation and George Sadao.
The biggest symbol of the park is a glass pyram> With a floor space of 5,328 m², the pyramid has three floors and a roof overlooking a large part of the park. The top floor houses the gallery of Isamu Noguchi and the miniature model of the park. A restaurant and museum shop are on the ground floor. The pyramid has an air conditioning system to cool down inside in summer, using snow stored in a neighbors storage building during winter. Hidamari is also used for workshops and meetings in the rooms on the ground and second floors.
The Tetra Mound, an object with triangle stainless steels (one of the creations of Isamu Noguchi) is placed in the western s> which enables visitors to overlook the landscape of the park and northern part of the Sapporo city. More playground equipment is near the Forest of Cherry Trees and the Moere Beach, which is a shallow pond open during summer.
A 150-meter canal, the Aqua Plaza, is in the center of the park, and the Sea Fountain is constructed near the canal. The fountain reaches 25 meters high when it jets out, and it is closed during winter. The monument called Music Shell is used as the musical venue. It is shaped to imitate two shells swelling up from the ground - as the name indicates.
The park contains sports grounds such as a tennis court, baseball field and athletic field. These are opened from April to November. Registration to use these facilities is required at the management office. Visitors can rent bicycles. In winter, as some facilities in closed, people can enjoy cross-country skiing in the park instead. Courses are set up, which enable visitors to view objects in the park whilst skiing. Cross-country skiing equipment is lent at the office in the glass pyram>