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Afyon, Turkey

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Powerful ancient citadel lying on an impressive rock Afyon (Afyon) is considered the calling card of central Anatolia and the capital of the lake region of Turkey.

The first Hapanuva fortress on this two-hundred-meter-high cliff was built, it is believed, by the Hittite king Mursil II (mid II millennium BC), then it was expanded by the Phrygians, and the Romans and Byzantines, who called the city of Acronium ("High Hill"), erected most of the modern fortress, which was later used as the imperial treasury by both the Seljuks and the Ottomans. During the war of independence, Afyon-Karahisar was the headquarters of Ataturk, and one of the decisive battles of that war happened nearby. Now the city is simply called Afyon ("opium" in Turkish, the city is considered the largest poppy producer in Turkey), and its famous fortress is Karahisar ("Black Fortress"), as if sharing the ancient history of these places and the modernity in which these places are famous more as producers of excellent sausages and the same opium than the sovereign treasury.

Sights

The best way to get to know the city is to climb the stairs of 700 steps leading along the southern wall of the black rock to the fortress Karahisar. It is interesting that on almost the entire climbing route there will be trees literally hung with colorful rags - a striking illustration of the ancient local rite of fulfillment of desires. Here you can also observe an interesting echo effect when the voices of muezzins from minarets (and there are about 80 around them!) Are repeatedly reflected from the rocks, as if creating a polyphonic chorus. Not so much has been preserved from the fortress itself - literally from a dozen dilapidated towers and several fragments of walls, the ruins of the Cybele temple and a small mosque and palace lying already outside the walls. However, the view from here is very picturesque - the foot of the cliff is surrounded by old quarters with narrow streets, characteristic semi-stone houses with overhanging upper floors and wooden bars on the windows.

Above this chaos of red and gray roofs rises a whole forest of mosques and minarets, including the oldest mosque in the city - Ulu-Kamyi (1272-1277 gg.), Two-domed Mevlevi Kamy and the adjacent "shemakhan" (ceremonial hall, now it houses a museum Mevlevi - Afyon became the second largest center of this order of dervishes after Konya) and others.

Archaeological Museum (open from Thursday to Sunday from 8.30 to 17.30, entrance - 2 TRY) lies about a kilometer east of the city center. His collection contains an extensive collection of historical objects found not only on the territory of the city itself, but also in Roman settlements near the modern villages of Jardal and Kovalyk-Hyuk (III-IV centuries A.D.). And in the museum garden an impressive collection of marble sculptures of the Roman, Phrygian, Byzantine and Ottoman periods is exhibited.

Mosque towers nearby Ymaret-Kamy, madrasah, hammam and park Gedik-Akhmet Pashaas well as a small museum Zafer (open daily from 9.00 to 17.00, admission is free), dedicated to staying in the city of Kemal Ataturk.

Around the city

Around the city you can find a huge number of historical monuments. Monumental bas-reliefs are carved in the rocks north of Afyon, near Ihsaniye Aslanka and Kapykaya Phrygian period (VII centuries A.D.).

Nearby are ancient residential caves, a rocky necropolis Sarychayr (Selimiye), numerous ruins of Byzantine churches and monasteries, as well as the ruins of the ancient city Metropolisexcavated.

Also within a radius of just 10-12 km you can visit the fortress Kirkinler and Seidiler (32 km from Afyon-Ankara highway), ruins of ancient cities Sinnada (first capital of the Phrygian kingdom), Apamea (once the second largest city after Ephesus) Dokimeyum (built by the soldiers of Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC) and the Hittite Amorium (Aura, XII-IX centuries. BC.).

Nearby are also the spa’s hot mineral springs. Termal Orujogluwhose water is high in fluorine, bromine and calcium salts and is sold throughout the country.

Afyon Turkey thermal springs

Every year, about 700 thousand people turn to the thermal springs Afyon for help to thermal medicine. In this regard, the city was declared the thermal capital of Turkey. Its healing thermal springs were known from the second millennium BC. e. (the ancient kingdom of Artsav). Over the centuries, the inhabitants of ancient Macedonia, then came from the Roman and Byzantine empires, consistently turned to healing thermal waters. In the Turkish state, at that time represented by the Konya Sultanate, the city entered at the beginning of the XIII century.

The fortress of the city was used by the Seljuks to store the Sultan's treasury, in those days the city was called Hisar-i-Devle (Gosudarev Castle). The modern name - Afyon in translation from Turkish means "opium". So the surrounding poppy fields gave a new name to the city. Opium poppy grown in the region is used to make drugs.

In western Turkey, where Afyon is located, there is a magnificent collection of Turkish lakes. Among the fresh ones are Egridir (tour. Eğirdir Gölü), saline - lakes Burdur (tour. Burdur Gölü) and Sugla (tour. Suğla Gölü). Around Afyon, famous thermal springs emerge from the bowels of the earth.

1. Huday spring (tour: Hüdai Termal)

The Hüdai Thermal Spring of Afyon Province serves the Hüdayi Thermal Resort. Huday mud baths are located at a distance of 66 km from the town of Afyon-Karahisar, 7 km in a south-westerly direction from Sandykly (tour Sandikli). Mud baths are prepared from local soil and thermal water enriched with magnesium, fluorine and bicarbonates.

Thermal water has a temperature of 70 C, it is somewhat radioactive, ph = 6.3-6.9, analyzes showed a significant content of sulfur, sodium and calcium salts of carbon dioxide, the presence of bromides and fluorides. Healing properties are manifested both in the process of taking by drinking, and when taking thermal baths and procedures. The water of the Huday spring heals rheumatism, skin diseases, gynecological diseases, and digestive tract disorders. Also, healing mud based on it is used in the treatment process.

The easiest way to get to Huday is by bus from Afyon, while in Isparta the nearest airport is (distance -150 km). You can stay at the Kaplica Hotel (64 places) and Yeni Thermal Hotel (264 places) during your well-being in Huday. You can also choose a hotel on the page "Thermal Hotels of Turkey", there you will also find housing prices.

2. Orujoglu Thermal Spring(Oruçoğlu Thermal)

The temperature of the water leaving the bowels is 76 ° C, then it is cooled to 38-40 ° C. Water is rich in minerals (mineralization - 4727.32 mg / l), ph: 6.4, contains sodium bicarbonate, sodium chloride, bromides and fluorides, therefore it has a beneficial effect on rheumatic diseases, arthritis and other inflammatory processes in the joints, intervertebral hernias, radiculitis, fibromyalgia, neurological diseases, lumbago, osteoarthritis, joint immobility.

The source can be visited both for the treatment of post-traumatic consequences of surgical interventions, and for postoperative therapy. Patients with inflammatory and dermatological diseases (including psoriasis), with problems of the stomach, intestines, bile and urinary tract, with gynecological disorders, to relieve stress, come to Orujoglu. The iron content in water helps in the rehabilitation and treatment of paralysis.

The thermal resort, organized on the basis of Orujoglu, has 600 places for treatment and rehabilitation, 306 single and 700 double hotel rooms, a restaurant, located 14 km from Afyon. The Thermal-Orujoglu resort complex has 1 outdoor thermal pool, 3 indoor thermal pools, 3 water slides, children's pools, a sauna, whirlpool baths, and private pools.

From the center of Afyon, the source can be reached in a couple of tens of minutes, but from Ankara the distance is 275 km. From Antalya Airport - 293 km, to the nearest airport - 45 km. The easiest way to get here is also by bus from Afyon.

  • Oruçoğlu Thermal Resort 4 *, address: Afyon Kütahya Karayolu 14. Km. Afyonkarahisar Turkey, tel. +90 272 251 50 50.

3. Thermal center Gazlygol(tour: Gazlıgöl Aydın Termal)

Located 22 km from the town of Afyon on the way to Eskisehir (tour. Eskisehir). The thermal water of the local spring has a temperature of +40 to +71 C, its mineralization is -3.75 mg / l, ph: 6-7.5, is classified as hyperthermal and hypertonic.

Helps in healing from rheumatism, cardiovascular diseases, nephritis, cholecystitis, metabolic disorders, in the rehabilitation of orthopedic injuries, and dermatological diseases. There are four hammams on the territory of the thermal resort, the oldest of them - Eskihamam built back in the days of the Roman Empire. In the Gazlygel thermal center, thermal baths, drinking mineral water, as well as exposure to thermal steam are used. Resort hotels can accommodate 240 people at a time.

  • Address: Duha Turizm Termal otel İşletmeleri San. Ve Tic. Ltd. Şti., Tel. 8860327-1.

4. Thermal springs Omer (Turkish Omer Thermal) and Gecek (Turkish Gecek Kaplıcasında termal)

These sources are located 15 km from Afyon, in the direction of Kutahya (tour. Kutahya). Water has a temperature range from +51 to +98 C, ph: 6.5-7.3, is effectively used to treat arthritis, rheumatic diseases, disorders of the cardiovascular system, metabolic pathologies (including obesity), problems with the liver and bile ducts, neuralgia, gynecological diseases (including infertility). You can stay for treatment at these sources at the Omer Thermal Resort (315 rooms) and Gecek Resort (130 rooms) hotels.

  • Omer Thermal Resort, Address: Kutahya Karayolu 14 Km., Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, tel. +90 272 251 5010.
  • Gecek Kaplıcasında Thermal Resort, address: Kütahya Karayolu 14. Km., Afyonkarahisar Merkez / Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, tel. +90 272 251 5276.

1. Aydin Thermal Holiday Resort

Aydin Thermal Holiday Resort - is located in the center of Afyonkarahisar (Turkish: Afyonkarahisar), Aegean region. The hotel consists of villas, which consist of apartments and studios. Each villa has a kitchen, summer terrace and private pool. The hotel has a restaurant, spa, thermal pools (indoor and outdoor), a fitness center and a supermarket.

  • Address: Yaylabagi Kasabasi Akkus Caddesi Karaoğlan Mevkii, 03370 Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, tel. + 90 272 273 6666.

Akrones Thermal Spa Convention

Akrones Thermal Spa Convention is a high-quality thermal spa hotel in Afyon Karahisar, it offers thermal pools, a sauna, a snow fountain, a spa center, massage rooms, a solarium, and special private thermal baths for a relaxing family vacation. The nearest airport (Zafer, the city of Kutahya) is 51 km away.

4. Grand Ozgul Thermal Holiday Village

Grand Ozgul Thermal Holiday Village (Ozgul thermal spa hotel) 5 * - located 21 km from the center of Afyon. Thermal pools are equipped on the territory; thermal springs with healing water are beaten. For recreation, there is an outdoor pool, several indoor thermal pools, a spa center - Turkish hammam, sauna.

How to get to Afyon Karahisar

The nearest international airports where you can easily get to Afyon Karahisar are Ankara (257 km), Izmir (340 km) and Antalya (293 km). Afyon Karahisar City is a railway junction located between the cities of Izmir, Konya, Istanbul and Ankara. Afyon Karahisar is included in the high-speed railway line, which has already been laid between Ankara and Izmir. The first passengers will be transported along the Ankara-Izmir route in 2019. When going to Afyon, pre-order a transfer from the hotel, in which you decide to stay, such services are available in many hotels and online services.

How to get to Afyon

There is no international airport, so you can’t get a direct flight to Afyon from Russia by plane. You must first fly to one of the largest cities in Turkey with an international airport. Flights from Russia are made several times a day, especially during the tourist season. The city has a local airport that accepts only domestic flights. If you want to get by air, then you will need to make a transfer in Ankara or Antalya.

Afyon can also be reached by bus from most Turkish cities. The distance from Istanbul will be 455 km, from Antalya - 300 km, Izmir - 340 km and from Ankara - 260 km. It is also possible to use a car rental or order a taxi, which will comfortably take you to the hotel.

When is the best time to go?

A city with a rich history attracts tourists, first of all, with an interesting past and healing springs. If your goal is only to get acquainted with Afyon, its original culture and local attractions, then its gates are open almost all year round. But the best time for such a trip will be autumn. At this time, unlike the sweltering summer heat, the air is fresher, the temperature favors long walks. True, in autumn there is a high probability of precipitation, which hinder the calm inspection of the area.

It is recommended to visit Afyon from March to October. Winter is coming in November and the likelihood of rains is significantly increasing. Therefore, the trip may be overshadowed by a downpour, although sunny days at this time can also be found. It is worth noting that by visiting the city outside the tourist season, you can save a lot.

The western territory of Turkey, on which Afyon is located, is characterized by a Mediterranean climate. In summer, as in most Turkish regions, the weather is hot and arid. It differs significantly from the resorts located nearby: more sharp and less comfortable. If summer here resembles the steppe with an exhausting atmosphere, then winter in Afyon, on the contrary, is quite cold and even snowy. From December to February, the air does not warm above +6 degrees, and at night the temperature drops to -5 degrees.

The hottest month is August with a daily temperature of about +30 degrees. However, at night it can drop to +13 degrees, so it is better to take warm clothes with you. In the spring it is rainy enough, which favors a pleasant rest.

Where to go, what to see in Afyon

  • The fortress of the city is probably its main attraction. It offers a beautiful view of the surrounding area. The top is decorated with four old water tanks and several prayer books,

  • In Afyon you can see monuments from blocks of tufa, which are not found anywhere else in the world. The outskirts of the city will enable travelers to appreciate the family crypts and tombs carved on the rock. These structures date from the period of Byzantine as well as Roman rule,
  • The Akdag Mountains will allow you to fully enjoy the beautiful views of local nature, canyons, caves, forests with wild animals. From the canyon of Tokala, a fascinating panorama of the surroundings opens up,

  • Thermal resorts - perhaps, along with ancient monuments - Afyon's calling card. According to legend, these thermal springs cured the king’s daughter from many diseases,
  • A separate attraction can be called most of the buildings of the old part of the city, because they date back to the 13-14th century. Unfortunately, many of them did not reach our time because of the fire of 1902. The restoration of houses is carried out with particular care in order to minimize the original image of buildings,
  • One of the religious attractions of Afyon “Ulu” is a mosque built at the foot of the fortress in the 13th century. The external walls of this interesting building were built of natural stone, and 40 columns of wood were used to support the roof,
  • The Victory Monument is installed in the center of the city and is its visiting card. It was installed in 1936 as a gift from the architect Krippel, from Austria,
  • The Archaeological Museum of Afyon maintains a rich collection of artifacts from different historical periods - from the Hittites to the Ottomans. Outside is the largest statue of Hercules, and inside you can find other Greek marble statues.

1. Source Hudai (tour. Hüdai Termal)

The Hüdai Thermal Spring of Afyon Province serves the Hüdayi Thermal Resort.Huday mud baths are located at a distance of 66 km from the town of Afyon-Karahisar, 7 km in a south-westerly direction from Sandykly (tour Sandikli). Mud baths are prepared from local soil and thermal water enriched with magnesium, fluorine and bicarbonates.

Thermal water has a temperature of 70 C, it is somewhat radioactive, ph = 6.3-6.9, analyzes showed a significant content of sulfur, sodium and calcium salts of carbon dioxide, the presence of bromides and fluorides. Healing properties are manifested both in the process of taking by drinking, and when taking thermal baths and procedures. The water of the Huday spring heals rheumatism, skin diseases, gynecological diseases, and digestive tract disorders. Also, healing mud based on it is used in the treatment process.

The easiest way to get to Huday is by bus from Afyon, while in Isparta the nearest airport is (distance -150 km). You can stay at the Kaplica Hotel (64 places) and Yeni Thermal Hotel (264 places) during your well-being in Huday. You can also choose a hotel on the page "Thermal Hotels in Turkey", there you will also find housing prices.

2. The thermal spring Orujoglu (Oruçoğlu Thermal)

The temperature of the water leaving the bowels is 76 ° C, then it is cooled to 38-40 ° C. Water is rich in minerals (mineralization - 4727.32 mg / l), ph: 6.4, contains sodium bicarbonate, sodium chloride, bromides and fluorides, therefore it has a beneficial effect on rheumatic diseases, arthritis and other inflammatory processes in the joints, intervertebral hernias, radiculitis, fibromyalgia, neurological diseases, lumbago, osteoarthritis, joint immobility.

The source can be visited both for the treatment of post-traumatic consequences of surgical interventions, and for postoperative therapy. Patients with inflammatory and dermatological diseases (including psoriasis), with problems of the stomach, intestines, bile and urinary tract, with gynecological disorders, to relieve stress, come to Orujoglu. The iron content in water helps in the rehabilitation and treatment of paralysis.

The thermal resort, organized on the basis of Orujoglu, has 600 places for treatment and rehabilitation, 306 single and 700 double hotel rooms, a restaurant, located 14 km from Afyon. The Thermal Orujoglu resort complex has 1 outdoor thermal pool, 3 indoor thermal pools, 3 water slides, children's pools, a sauna, whirlpool baths, and private pools.

From the center of Afyon, the source can be reached in a couple of tens of minutes, but from Ankara the distance is 275 km. From Antalya Airport - 293 km, to the nearest airport - 45 km. The easiest way to get here is also by bus from Afyon.

  • Oruçoğlu Thermal Resort 4 *, address: Afyon Kütahya Karayolu 14. Km. Afyonkarahisar Turkey, tel. +90 272 251 50 50.

3. Thermal center Gazlygol (tour. Gazlıgöl Aydın Termal)

Located 22 km from the town of Afyon on the way to Eskisehir (tour. Eskisehir). The thermal water of the local spring has a temperature of +40 to +71 C, its mineralization is -3.75 mg / l, ph: 6-7.5, is classified as hyperthermal and hypertonic.

Helps in healing from rheumatism, cardiovascular diseases, nephritis, cholecystitis, metabolic disorders, in the rehabilitation of orthopedic injuries, and dermatological diseases. There are four hammams on the territory of the thermal resort, the oldest of them - Eskihamam built back in the days of the Roman Empire. In the Gazlygel thermal center, thermal baths, drinking mineral water, as well as exposure to thermal steam are used. Resort hotels can accommodate 240 people at a time.

  • Address: Duha Turizm Termal otel İşletmeleri San. Ve Tic. Ltd. Şti., Tel. 8860327-1.

4. Thermal springs Omer (Turkish Omer Thermal) and Gecek (Turkish Gecek Kaplıcasında termal)

These sources are located 15 km from Afyon, in the direction of Kutahya (tour. Kutahya). Water has a temperature range from +51 to +98 C, ph: 6.5-7.3, is effectively used to treat arthritis, rheumatic diseases, disorders of the cardiovascular system, metabolic pathologies (including obesity), problems with the liver and bile ducts, neuralgia, gynecological diseases (including infertility). You can stay for treatment at these sources at the Omer Thermal Resort (315 rooms) and Gecek Resort (130 rooms) hotels.

  • Omer Thermal Resort, Address: Kutahya Karayolu 14 Km., Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, tel. +90 272 251 5010.
  • Gecek Kaplıcasında Thermal Resort, address: Kütahya Karayolu 14. Km., Afyonkarahisar Merkez / Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, tel. +90 272 251 5276.

Where to eat

The city is famous for three products that are worth a try in local establishments. This is Turkish delight - local sweets, kaymak - high fat cream, and Turkish smoked sausage - sujuk.

Afyon has a sufficient number of establishments that offer both Turkish and international cuisine. One of the restaurants with traditional local cuisine is Asci Bacaksiz. Desserts can be sampled at Oztaylan Yayla Sekerleme. Tourists can also visit one of the fish restaurants, order the famous Turkish coffee and local sweets.

What to bring from Afyon

As a souvenir in the city you can buy local culinary “sights” - sujuk, kaymak and sweets. The attention of foreign guests is also attracted by silk carpets, handmade copper products and kilims. On the territory of Afyon there are quite a few workshops with folk crafts, in which traditional motifs are used in the manufacture of various objects.

In local stores you can profitably purchase leather and cotton products, in many of them, if you bargain with the seller, you can significantly reduce the price of the goods. You can also buy souvenirs traditional for Turkey everywhere.

City `s history

The first mention of it dates back to the times of the Hittite kingdom of Artsav (mid II millennium BC. E.). Later the city was part of Phrygia, Lydia, was ruled by the successors of Alexander the Great, the Romans of the Byzantines. In these times the city had a name Acroin . In 739, one of the invading Arab armies was destroyed here by the Byzantines under the personal leadership of Tsar Leo Isaur and his son Constantine. At the beginning of the XIII century it was part of the Koni Sultanate. In the local fortress, the Seljuk sultans kept their treasury, and therefore the city received the name "Hisar-i Devle" (Sovereign's Castle). The city passed from the rulers of Germian to the Ottoman authorities, who originally called it “Karahisar-i Sahib” (City of the Black Fortress), referring to the Seljuk fortress made of black stone, which rises 235 meters above the city.

In 1912, Turks lived here - 75,406 people, Armenians - 4,812 people, Greeks - 1,200 people.

In 1921, one of the battles of the Greek-Turkish war took place here.

5. Ceylan Termal Saglikli Yasam Koyu

Ceylan Termal Saglikli Yasam Koyu is not quite a hotel, but a complex of apartments and villas for families on the Afyon Karahisar thermal springs. There are also equipped with thermal pools, a Turkish bath, beautiful green terraces.

How to get around Afyon

The internal transport of Afyon is represented by taxis, buses and dolmushi - fixed-route taxis. Local buses are suitable for moving around the city, but they are often crowded. You can use the services of a taxi: it’s only worthwhile to discuss the cost of the trip in advance, despite the mandatory installed counters in the car. It is also necessary to remember that nightly rates are two times more expensive.

Dolmushi is one of the most common modes of transport not only in Afyon, but throughout the country. The cost of the trip is low and fixed. Payment is made upon boarding, and the driver is ready to stop anywhere at your request. In small towns, public transport is already shutting down at around 8 p.m.

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