The sights of Ethiopia (an amazing East African country) can tell a lot about it. There are amazing natural parks with their unique beauty, quaint salt lakes, ancient stone temples and obelisks. In a word, there are many interesting, mysterious and inexplicable things.
Sights will allow you to get acquainted with this alpine country, where the urban culture of the modern city is adjacent to the semi-wild tribes, elements of Christianity with the primitive community.
Ethiopia is an independent African state, which did not happen to visit a colony. The capital is located in Addis Ababa, a city that, by its historical, political and cultural significance, claims to be the capital of the whole continent. It is rich not only in historical monuments and temples, but also in a multinational and multi-confessional population.
A feature of this African state is also the fact that one of the main religions is Christianity in its eastern tradition, there are Orthodox churches. But the country is especially rich in amazing natural oases and parks, which are the unique sights of Ethiopia.
Symensky Mountain National Park
One of the stunning natural landscapes, preserved in its original form. Located in the Amhara region in the northwestern part of the country. It was founded in 1969 with the goal of preserving the unique nature of Symensky mountain gorges. Here is the highest peak in the country - Ras Dashen.
On a vast territory of more than twenty hectares, bizarre cliffs, serrated humps of mountain peaks, intercepted by ribbons of streams and mountain streams, leading the traveler to giant crevices, stretch out. All this splendor is complemented by grass-covered plains and valleys. The originality of this landscape is that it was created over the centuries and appeared as a result of erosion processes that gradually transform the Ethiopian highlands. Also, the park is interesting in that there are very rare species of animals and birds. Many of Ethiopia's attractions were created by nature itself.
To get acquainted with the fanciful landscapes of the park, you can use the services of a guide or take a walk on your own. Beautiful trails contribute to this, revealing the amazing beauty of these places.
But not only natural parks are rich in the wonderful country of Ethiopia. The sights, photos of which are given below, open this country as the heiress of the oldest huge monuments. Such are the gaze of astonished tourists at the Axum Obelisks, representing the power of the ancient kingdom, which was located on this territory from the second to the eleventh century.
According to historians, the steles are tombstones, indicating the resting places of the royal people and military leaders. These monuments have become famous due to their impressive size. The weight of the largest obelisk is five hundred tons, and the height is almost 33 meters.
It is curious, but the material from which it is made is not found in these places. The patterns covering the surface of the stele are very reminiscent of the sketch of a modern skyscraper.
Adds mystery to the Askum obelisks and the fact that not so long ago a huge platform was discovered under them, consisting of basalt slabs. Based on this, scientists have suggested that steles are only part of a huge structure hidden in the bowels of the earth.
Salt Lake Abbe
This amazing pond is located on the border of two African countries: Ethiopia and Djibouti. Its area is more than three hundred square meters, and the depth at some points reaches forty meters.
It is significant that the lake is surrounded by bizarre lime-salt columns, which grew here as the reservoir was shallowed. In some places, the height of towering salt columns reaches fifty meters.
Abbe is fueled by several thermal springs, so the water here is always warm, and the surrounding landscape seems unearthly and attracts many people from all over the world to this attraction of Ethiopia. But to worry that someone might interfere with enjoying this wonderful landscape is not worth it, because these places are the least populated on the planet.
Church of St. George
Ethiopia, the sights of which introduced us to the rich nature and ancient monuments of the country, has its own shrines.
The Church of St. George is located in the town of Lalibella, which got its name from the king who ruled in these places in the XII century BC. Lalibella became famous for striving to create a second Jerusalem on the lands of Ethiopia - a city composed of temples carved in the rocks. Construction lasted almost a quarter century.
Today, eleven churches have survived in Lalibella, one of the most beautiful consecrated in honor of St. George.
Her building, carved in the shape of a regular cross, goes deeper into the bowels of the earth by more than 20 meters. You can get to the temple only through tunnels connecting all the local shrines with each other.
The sights of Ethiopia, photos and descriptions of which are given in the article, once again emphasize the unique originality and natural originality of this amazing African country.
1. The city of Gondar
Gonder is a city like no other, strewn with ancient castles and churches and endowed with magnificent mountain scenery and a pleasant cool climate. Located 748 kilometers north of Addis Ababa, this is the real Camelot of Africa because of its many castles and medieval atmosphere.
Gondar was founded by Emperor Fasilidas in 1635 and grew from an agricultural center to the capital of Ethiopia, which it has been for hundreds of years. The main attractions of the city are 5 ancient castles, the central of which is Facil-Gebbi and over 40 Christian churches.
2. The city of Axum (Axum)
Axum is a city in the far north of Ethiopia, named for the Kingdom of Axum and which, according to Ethiopian Christians, was the origin of the biblical Ark. Another main attraction of Axum is the ancient and colossal stone obelisks, weighing up to 500 tons. The Kingdom of Axum, had its own written language, and also developed its architectural style expressed in giant obelisks, which are recognized by UNESCO and inscribed on the World Heritage List. In 2008, one such obelisk was returned to Ethiopia with great fanfare after it was sacked by Italy in the early 20th century.
3. The city of Bahr Dar
The city of Bahr Dar is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Ethiopia, it is known for its wide palm alleys and many attractions. The charming city of Bahr Dar is located on the southern shore of Lake Tana, which is the source for the Blue Nile. Near the city is the former imperial palace and the Tis Ysat waterfall, as well as the main attraction of Ethiopia 37 islands of Lake Tana, 20 of which are Christian monasteries and churches.
4. The city of Harar
Harar is a fascinating, exotic city that is of significant interest to travelers who want to make a 520-kilometer east hook from Addis Ababa. Harar is the fourth holy city in Islam. The city of Harar has about 82 mosques - three of which date from the 10th century.
Lalibela is one of the most wonderful spiritual places in the world, here are the amazing Ethiopian churches carved from the rock. Lalibela, an important pilgrimage site for Orthodox Christians. A total of 13 churches were carved from a single piece of granite, all of them operating. Each church is unique in its own way, some carved from top to bottom, and others in the rocks. Most churches belong to the 10-12th century. Lalibela is another unique attraction of Ethiopia.
6. Addis Ababa Market (Mercato)
Mercato is one of the largest open markets in Africa and the most colorful and largest in Ethiopia, located in Addis Ababa. There are tinkers, tailors, spice, camel, and many other merchants. Needless to say, the market is a great place to pick up souvenirs.
7. National Museum of Ethiopia
This museum has a diverse range of exhibits displayed on three floors and covering a wide range of Ethiopian history from prehistoric times to the present. The museum is certainly not world class, but contains some really exciting artifacts and gives visitors a good historical overview of Ethiopia. The most famous exhibit is an exact copy of Australopithecus Lucy, considered the oldest skeleton ever found, its age is estimated at 3.18 million years. The original skeleton is in the basements of the building. Also of interest is the famous Ethiopian paintings from the monasteries of Axum, Lalibela and Tan.