Sights of St. Petersburg - what to see and where to go in the city and the surrounding area. Description, photos, how to get, addresses, GPS-coordinates, tags on the map.
St. Petersburg needs no introduction. Everyone knows him: someone loves him and wants to live only here, while someone does not like the Northern capital for the damp and often gray sky - but Peter's brainchild leaves no one. For a long time Petersburg has been the main tourist center of Russia - being the capital of the great empire, it embodied all the best that was in it. Although those days are long gone, the sophisticated sophistication and noble dignity of the city have not gone away - they have always remained in luxurious palaces, granite promenades and stunningly beautiful houses in the Northern Art Nouveau style.
Once upon a time no one (except Peter) understood why to build a new city in the northern swamps, but now no one can imagine Russia without St. Petersburg.
The content of the article:
The numbers of attractions in the text correspond to their numbers on map at the end of the article.
TOP-35 sights of St. Petersburg:1. The Hermitage — 2. Palace Square — 3. Palace Bridge — 4. Nevsky Prospect — 5. Kazan Cathedral — 6. The Bronze Horseman — 7. Senate Square — 8. Admiralty — 9. The Spit of Vasilyevsky Island — 10. Kunstkamera — 11. Peter and Paul Fortress — 12. Russian Museum — 13. Church of the Savior on Blood — 14. Mikhailovsky castle — 15. Field of Mars — 16. Summer garden — 17. House of Peter I — 18. The cruiser Aurora — 19. St. Isaac's Cathedral — 20. Mariinsky Palace — 21. Yusupov Palace — 22. Mariinsky Theater — 23. Large Gostiny Dvor — 24. Anichkov bridge — 25. Alexander Nevsky Lavra — 26. Smolny Cathedral — 27. Erarta Museum of Modern Art — 28. Park on Elagin Island — 29. Lakhta Center — 30. Peterhof — 31. Kronstadt — 32. Tsarskoe Selo — 33. Pavlovsk Palace — 34. Oranienbaum — 35. Canals of St. Petersburg
1. The State Hermitage Museum
The State Hermitage Museum, located on the famous Palace Square, is one of the most famous museums on our planet - it contains such masterpieces of world culture as “The Return of the Prodigal Son” by Rembrandt, “Madonna Benoit” by Leonardo da Vinci, “The Holy Family” by Rafael and many others.
The main exposition of the Hermitage is occupied by the former imperial Winter Palace, and, taking the first steps along its magnificent Jordanian stairs, you understand that you ended up in the "holy of holies" of the empire, whose power extended to half of Eurasia.
Address: Palace Square, 2 (metro Admiralteyskaya, Nevsky Prospekt, Gostiny Dvor), coordinates 59.93983, 30.31455. Opening hours: Tue, Thu, Sat, Sun 10: 30-18: 00, Wed, Fri 10: 00-21: 00. The ticket price for citizens of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus is 400 rubles (for the rest 700 rubles).
Tours in St. Petersburg from local residents
For the most curious and sociable travelers, I recommend ordering non-trivial excursions in St. Petersburg from local residents. Your guides will be Petersburgers themselves: writers, artists, photographers, journalists - in love with their city and know almost everything about it.
At the booking stage, you need to pay online only 20% of the cost of the tour - the rest is given to the guide before it starts.
2. Palace Square
Palace Square is a witness to many joyful and tragic events in Russian history and one of the most photogenic squares in the world. In its center stands the famous Alexander Column - a monument to the victory of Russia in the war with Napoleonic France, established under Emperor Nicholas I. Interestingly, the column was created by the Frenchman, Auguste Montferrand.
Coordinates 59.93902, 30.31498.
3. Palace Bridge
Probably there are few people who would not have seen the Palace Bridge at least in the photograph: the divorced spans of the bridge against the backdrop of the white northern night are almost the most popular photo story of St. Petersburg. It is interesting that this symbol of the city is not even a hundred years old - its construction began shortly before the revolution, and work was completed already in Soviet times.
Coordinates: 59.94085, 30.30848.
4. Nevsky Prospect
The main street of the northern capital, its vibrant pulsating heart. A sophisticated and lively avenue that grew out of the very first street of the city - the “tsarist perspective” in the swampy swamps. It is on Nevsky and near it that the majority of city museums, theaters, churches, restaurants and other places are concentrated, without which St. Petersburg cannot be imagined.
One of the most striking architectural masterpieces of Nevsky Prospect is two Art Nouveau houses: the Eliseevsky shop at the intersection of Nevsky and Malaya Sadovaya streets, and the former Singer company house (at the intersection of Nevsky and the Griboedov Canal).
Coordinates: 59.93569, 30.32573 (Singer company home).
5. Kazan Cathedral
Kazan Cathedral is a direct witness to the steep turns of the history of Russia: once one of the most beautiful temples of the city on the Neva, under Soviet rule, it was turned into a museum of the history of religion and atheism - with its help the authorities tried to educate a new “Soviet man, free from the prejudices of the past ". With the end of the Soviet experiment, the church was returned to the Orthodox Church, and now it is the cathedral of St. Petersburg.
Address: Kazanskaya square, 2 (metro "Canal Griboedova", "Nevsky Prospect"), coordinates 59.9342, 30.32457. Open daily from 6:30 to 20:00.
6. The Bronze Horseman
A majestic monument to the founder of the city, erected by his follower, Empress Catherine the Great. This fact is immortalized by a laconic inscription in Latin: "Peter the Great, Catherine the Second."
Catherine ordered a monument to the sculptor Falcone, who managed to pick up a bright and accurate image: Peter stops his horse on the gallop, lifting it on its hind legs and subjecting it to his iron will. A horse tramples with a hoof a snake personifying opponents of Peter's reforms.
Address: Senate Square, coordinates 59.93637, 30.30223.
7. Senate Square
Senate Square, whose main decoration is the Bronze Horseman, is interesting in itself. Spacious, wide open to the river, it is that signature St. Petersburg landscape that is so loved by local residents and visitors.
The Senate Square went down in history on December 14, 1825, when a group of officers who advocated political reform and opposed the accession of the new Emperor Nicholas I led the rebel regiments to the square in an attempt to capture the Senate. A poorly prepared uprising was quickly crushed by troops loyal to the monarch, and its instigators went down in history as the Decembrists.
Coordinates: 59.93651, 30.30319.
The Admiralty is the beloved brainchild of the founder of the city, something for which they started a war for access to the Baltic. These are the first shipyards built on lands conquered from the Swedes. The Admiralty was laid in November 1704, and already in 1706 the first 18-gun ship was launched.
Being a shipyard, the Admiralty building was at the same time a fortress holding the navigable fairway of the Neva at gunpoint.
Address: Admiralteysky pr-d, 1, coordinates 59.93749, 30.30866.
9. The Spit of Vasilyevsky Island
One of the most popular places in St. Petersburg, from where a beautiful panorama of the Neva banks opens. Once upon a time there was a port on Strelka, and from that time the famous Rostral columns remained, formerly lighthouses. Strelka is given additional picturesqueness by the building of the former Exchange, built in the form of an ancient temple.
Coordinates: 59.94424, 30.30719 (metro Admiralteyskaya, Nevsky Prospect, Gostiny Dvor).
Museum of curiosities and rarities, created by decree of Peter I - it was based on the personal collection of the monarch. The name of the museum in German means "cabinet of rarities." Here are stuffed exotic birds and animals, outlandish plants and stone idols, ancient coins and ancient manuscripts.
A special place is occupied by the famous Gottorp globe with a diameter of more than 3 meters, donated to the king by the Duke of Holstein - it is a small planetarium whose several people inside it can observe the starry sky map at the same time.
Address: Universitetskaya emb. 3, coordinates 59.94149, 30.30453. Opening hours: daily except Monday and the last Tuesday of the month, from 11:00 to 18:00. Ticket price 300 rubles, preferential 100 rubles.
11. Peter and Paul Fortress
Place of birth of St. Petersburg. It was with this powerful fortress, designed to indicate the seriousness of Russia's claims to the Baltic shores, that began more than three hundred years of history of the Northern capital. The terrible citadel became the core around which grew the second largest city in Russia.
The Peter and Paul Fortress went down in history not only as an outpost of Russia in the Baltic, but also as a notorious prison for political criminals, and as the last resting place of the Russian autocrats.
Address: Hare Island (Gorkovskaya metro station), coordinates 59.95, 30.31667. Opening hours: daily from 9:30 to 20:00. The price of a single ticket to inspect the fortress is 600 rubles.
12. Russian Museum
The largest collection of Russian art, whose exposition totals more than 400 thousand copies. It is here that you can see with your own eyes such picturesque masterpieces as “The Last Day of Pompeii” by Bryullov, “The Ninth Wave” by Aivazovsky, “Suvorov Crossing the Alps” by Surikov and many others.
The Mikhailovsky Palace, which houses the Russian Museum, deserves attention as well - the grandiose White Hall, which has preserved the original decoration of Karl Rossi, is especially impressive.
Address: Engineering Str. 4 (Nevsky Prospekt metro station), coordinates 59.93859, 30.33222. Opening hours: daily, except Tuesday, from 10:00 to 18:00. Thursday from 13:00 to 21:00, Monday from 10:00 to 20:00. The ticket price to citizens of the Russian Federation and Belarus is 350 rubles, the rest 450 rubles.
13. Church of the Savior on Blood
A beautiful temple, so unlike other churches in the city, was built in 1907 on the site of the death of Emperor Alexander III, who was killed in 1881 by the people's volunteer Grinevitsky.
The area of the internal mosaics of the Savior on Spilled Blood is more than 7000 square meters, which makes the temple a unique phenomenon in world architecture.
Address: Griboedov Canal Embankment, 26 (Griboedov Canal metro station, Nevsky Prospect), coordinates 59.94004, 30.32874. Opening hours: daily, except Wednesday, from 10:00 to 18:00. In the summer (May 1-September 15) from 10:00 to 19:00. Ticket price 250 rubles.
14. Mikhailovsky castle
Perhaps the most mystical sights of St. Petersburg, in whose guise the character traits of its creator, Emperor Paul I, an idealist who had paranoid fear for his life, were reflected. The fear was completely justified - Pavel managed to live in his castle only 40 days when the killer conspirators burst into it.
For a long time, Mikhailovsky Castle, which managed to visit the Engineering School, was abandoned - only by the 300th anniversary of St. Petersburg it was completely restored and made a branch of the Russian Museum.
Address: Sadovaya st. 2 (metro station "Gostiny Dvor", "Nevsky Prospect"), coordinates 59.93999, 30.33804. Opening hours: daily, except Tuesday, from 10:00 to 18:00. Thursday from 13:00 to 21:00. The ticket price to citizens of the Russian Federation and Belarus is 200 rubles, for foreigners 300 rubles.
15. Field of Mars
Once a place of folk festivals and military exercises, the Field of Mars is now a memorial cemetery in memory of the victims of the February and October revolutions, where the country's first Eternal Flame lit from the open-hearth furnace of the Kirov Plant.
Interestingly, both the victims of the Red Terror and its initiators, party leaders Uritsky, Volodarsky and others, rest nearby on the Field of Mars.
Coordinates: 59.94405, 30.33182 (Gostiny Dvor metro station, Nevsky Prospect metro station).
16. Summer garden
The same place where the tutor "took a walk" the hero of "Eugene Onegin." The summer garden, separated from the Field of Mars by a narrow Swan groove, is the oldest park in the city - it was founded in 1704, almost simultaneously with St. Petersburg.
In the summer garden there are Tea and Coffee houses, as well as one of the most famous sights of St. Petersburg - the Summer Palace of Peter I.
Coordinates: 59.94578, 30.33518.
17. House of Peter I
A modest wooden house, the oldest building in St. Petersburg. It was in it that the first Russian emperor and founder of the city, Peter I, spent the summer of 1703.
Although the house is wooden, but from far away it can be mistaken for a brick one - Peter loved everything Dutch and his Neva dwelling was painted in the Dutch manner, with red paint with white stripes.
Address: Petrovskaya nab. 6 (Gorkovskaya metro station), coordinates 59.95327, 30.33087. Opening hours: daily, except Tuesday, from 10:00 to 18:00. Thursday from 13:00 to 21:00, Monday from 10:00 to 20:00. The ticket price to citizens of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus is 150 rubles, to foreigners 200 rubles.
18. The cruiser Aurora
The legendary ship of the Baltic Fleet, which made the most famous cannon shot in history. In Soviet times, the Aurora, turned into a museum, was perhaps the most sacred place in the city - poems were composed in her honor and songs were sung. Among other things, the cruiser is one of the best viewing platforms in St. Petersburg: from its nose an amazing view of the Neva opens.
Coordinates: 59.9554, 30.33783 (Gorkovskaya metro station). Opening hours: daily, except Monday and Tuesday, from 11:00 to 18:00. The ticket price to citizens of the Russian Federation and Belarus is 400 rubles, the rest is 600 rubles.
19. St. Isaac's Cathedral
This magnificent temple is not only a must-see attraction in St. Petersburg, but also its best viewing platform: from the colonnade of Isaac there is an unforgettable view of the city.
St. Isaac's Cathedral, once the main temple of the Northern capital, is decorated with 112 granite columns, hundreds of magnificent sculptures and artworks.
Address: St. Isaac's Square 4 (metro Admiralteyskaya, Gostiny Dvor), coordinates 59.9339, 30.30648. Opening hours: daily, except Wednesday, from 10:30 to 18:00 (in the summer until 22:30). Ticket price 250 rubles, 400 rubles in the evening. To climb the colonnade you need a separate ticket - 150 rubles.
20. Mariinsky Palace
Now in this palace, built by Emperor Nicholas I for his eldest daughter Maria, the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg is located - on the facade you can still see images of orders and medals that Leningrad was awarded in Soviet times.
Address: St. Isaac's Square 6 (metro Admiralteyskaya, Sadovaya), coordinates 59.93077, 30.30959.
21. Yusupov Palace
The magnificent palace, which once belonged to the richest family of the Yusupov princes, went down in the history of the country thanks to the loud and mysterious murder that happened in its basement - it was here that Felix Yusupov shot the favorite of the imperial family Grigory Rasputin, who survived the poisoning attempt.
Now a museum is open in the palace, and everyone can see wax figures in its basement recreating the scene of the murder of Rasputin.
Address: 94 Moika Embankment (metro station Sennaya Ploshchad, Sadovaya), coordinates 59.92954, 30.29889. Opening hours: daily from 11:00 to 18:00. Ticket price 700 rubles (preferential 500 rubles). The excursion "The murder of Gregory Rasputin" is held daily at 13:45 (ticket 350 rubles, preferential 250 rubles).
22. Mariinsky Theater
One of the two (along with the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow) of the country's most famous theaters. As for his interior, then by this parameter he is one of the most beautiful in the world. Renamed in the Kirov Theater in 1935, he won the lion's share of his worldwide fame under that name - only in 1992 the theater again became the Mariinsky. Here Chaliapin and Sobinov sang, Nizhinsky, Nuriev and Baryshnikov danced.
Address: Theater Square 1 (metro station "Sennaya Ploshchad", "Sadovaya"), coordinates 59.92564, 30.29599.
23. Large Gostiny Dvor
The Gostiny Dvor, which occupies an entire quarter in the historical part of the city, is the largest and oldest shopping center in St. Petersburg.Built in the second half of the 18th century, it was originally a hotel for merchants and other trading people - this explains its name. Later, permanent shops appeared in it and, in modern terms, Gostiny Dvor changed its specialization from “hotel business” to “retail”.
Address: Nevsky Prospect, 35 (Gostiny Dvor metro station, Nevsky Prospect metro station), coordinates 59.93352, 30.32946. Opening hours: daily from 10:00 to 22:00.
24. Anichkov bridge
Anichkov bridge is considered to be one of the most beautiful in the city.
And the sculptural group “The Conquest of the Horse by Man”, decorated by Peter Klodt with the light hand of Alexander Rosenbaum, became one of the most famous sights of St. Petersburg:
“Here is the Anichkov Bridge,
Where unhappy horses on the orders of the king so brutally harnessed.
I would like to ask these strong people:
Aren't you tired of keeping freedom under the bridle? ”
Coordinates: 59.93324, 30.34338 (metro Gostiny Dvor, Mayakovskaya, Dostoevskaya).
25. Alexander Nevsky Lavra
The Alexander Nevsky Lavra was founded by Peter the Great at the confluence of the Black River (Monasteries) into the Neva. The first Russian emperor deeply honored this canonized church of the Russian prince, whose squad once defeated the Swedes in these places. Peter felt like the successor of Alexander Nevsky, and made the prince the heavenly patron of the city based on the Neva.
Address: embankment of the Monastyrka River, 1 (metro station “Alexander Nevsky Square”), coordinates 59.92091, 30.38785. Open daily, ticket 250 rub.
26. Smolny Cathedral
The Smolny Cathedral, built by the famous Rastrelli, is a masterpiece of Russian Baroque and one of the most beautiful buildings in St. Petersburg - according to legend, the architect Quarenghi, passing the cathedral, each time took off his hat in respect of the genius of the creator of the cathedral.
The cathedral owes its name to the Smolny Dvor, which was located in this place in the 18th century, where resin was cooked for the ships of the Admiralty Shipyard.
Address: Rastrelli Square, 3/1, coordinates: 59.94896, 30.39537. Open daily from 7:00 to 20:00, admission is free.
27. Erarta Museum of Modern Art
The Erarta Museum, opened in 2010 in the building of the former Research Institute, is the largest non-state museum of contemporary art in Russia. Its creators are firmly convinced that our time is the Era of Art, or the Era of Art, hence the sonorous name.
The museum's collection has about 2000 works by more than 140 contemporary masters, and is represented by painting, sculpture and graphics.
Address: 29th line of Vasilievsky island, 2a (metro station "Vasileostrovskaya"), coordinates: 59.93211, 30.25138. Opening hours: daily, except Tuesday, from 10:00 to 22:00. Ticket price 500 rubles.
28. Park on the Elaginsky island
Yelagin - a picturesque island in the northern part of St. Petersburg, here is the city Park of Culture and Rest. It once belonged to the wealthy nobleman Ivan Yelagin, in whose honor he was named and then was never renamed.
On the island you can not only walk along the park paths, but also visit interesting sights: the Elagin Palace, the Museum of Art Glass, the Kitchen and the Stable Buildings.
Coordinates: 59.97921, 30.26051 (metro Krestovsky Ostrov, Staraya Derevnya).
29. Lakhta Center
The social and business center and the newest attraction of St. Petersburg, which already at the project stage caused no less fierce disputes in the Northern capital than the Eiffel Tower caused in Paris at one time.
Lakhta Center is located in the northern part of the city, in the Primorsky district. Its main element is a skyscraper with a height of 462 meters - the highest in Europe - declared as the future headquarters of Gazprom.
Address: Lakhtinsky Ave., Building 2 Bldg. 3 (Beregovaya metro station), coordinates: 59.98708, 30.17774.
The unique palace and park ensemble, the former imperial residence - for its luxury it is often called the “Russian Versailles”. It was personally founded by Peter I to commemorate the victory of Russia in the war for access to the Baltic. The main attraction of Peterhof is the unique fountain system created by the first Russian hydraulic engineer Tuvolkov, and subsequently improved by his followers.
Coordinates: 59.8863, 29.90859. Opening hours: daily from 09:00 to 19:00 (in the summer until 20:00). Ticket price 450 rubles, foreigners 900 rubles.
A fortified city on the island of Kotlin in the Gulf of Finland, whose bastions once blocked the passage of enemy ships to St. Petersburg. Being closely connected with the navy throughout its history, Kronstadt is not only its base, but also a very interesting city - here you can see the famous Naval Cathedral, the Italian Palace, numerous monuments and photogenic embankments.
Coordinates: 59.99167, 29.77777.
32. Alexander and Catherine palaces in Tsarskoye Selo
These two attractions are located in the city of Pushkin in the vicinity of St. Petersburg, and they are conveniently visited together. Along with Peterhof, Pushkin is an extremely popular tourist destination - not least because of the famous Amber Room, which mysteriously disappeared during the Great Patriotic War and was restored by restorers in the Catherine Palace.
Alexander Palace: coordinates 59.721, 30.39249, open daily from 10:00 to 18:00. Ticket price 300 rubles.
Catherine Palace: coordinates 59.71612, 30.39565, open daily from 10:00 to 18:00. Ticket price 700 rubles.
33. Pavlovsk Palace
The Pavlovsk Museum-Reserve is known for its palace of Emperor Paul I and the landscape park, one of the best in Russia. Miraculously avoiding looting in post-revolutionary hard times, during World War II Pavlovsk found himself in the zone of Nazi occupation, which had an extremely negative impact on its safety. Fortunately, immediately after the German attack on the USSR, museum staff were able to evacuate most of the valuables, so that after the war ended, Pavlovsk opened almost in its original form.
Coordinates: 59.68564, 30.45259. open daily from 10:00 to 18:00. Ticket price 500 rubles.
Oranienbaum is another palace and park ensemble in the vicinity of St. Petersburg. Once these lands were donated by Peter to his beloved Prince Menshikov, who built the Grand Palace on them and set up the Upper and Lower Parks, decorated with fountains and sculptures. Oranienbaum entered the history by the fact that it was here that Peter III learned that he had been ousted from the throne by his own wife Catherine.
Coordinates: 59.91525, 29.75437.
35. Rivers and canals of St. Petersburg
For a city built near and on water, canals and bridges often mean more than the most luxurious palaces and churches. The soul of the Northern capital is water, and the Neva with its drawbridges is perhaps the most memorable city attraction. It is not surprising that one of the brightest holidays of the city - “Scarlet Sails”, is also directly related to water.
For those who first came to St. Petersburg, I recommend to definitely ride along its rivers and canals - without this, a trip to the city would be incomplete.
Roofs of St. Petersburg
The 300-year-old city, which was not so long ago the capital of a huge empire, has many secrets. To touch them and more fully experience the unique atmosphere of St. Petersburg, you need to go up to the roof - where you can see the legendary St. Petersburg courtyards-wells, the low northern sun and the distant Baltic. This is best done with a guide-rofer who will take you along the most interesting route, turning your walk on the roofs into an unforgettable adventure.
Where to stay in St. Petersburg
The northern capital of Russia has absolutely no shortage of hotels and guesthouses for every taste and budget. Moreover, every year the choice becomes richer and more diverse. The format and theme of this article do not allow me to list all the worthy places, so I will limit myself to only a few of the most successful in terms of price and quality:
Angelio-m house - Rating by reviews 9.6 (“Excellent”), price from 1500 rubles for a double room. A cozy mini-hotel with an excellent location - in the very center of the city, interesting attractions on all four sides, three minutes walk to Nevsky Prospekt. Near the metro, a grocery store, cafes, close dining and restaurants.
El rooms - Rating by reviews 9.6 (“Excellent”), price from 1500 rubles for a double room. Apart-hotel in a beautiful building in the Northern Art Nouveau style in the center of St. Petersburg, a 5-minute walk from Nevsky Prospekt and Moskovsky Train Station. Friendly host, homely decorated rooms with arched windows and good repair, excellent transport accessibility.
Chizhik-Pyzhik - Review rating 9.6 (“Excellent”), price from 2100 rubles for a double room. Mini-hotel with studios. Perfect location - the 8th line of Vasilyevsky Island, within walking distance of the Kunstkamera, Menshikov Palace and the Griffin Tower, a metro station a stone's throw away. Large comfortable rooms, freshly renovated, has everything you need for a comfortable life.
Kaleidoscope in Italian *** - Review rating 9.4 (“Excellent”), price from 3990 rubles for a double room. A wonderful apart-hotel in the historical part of the city - Nevsky Prospect is literally around the corner, 300 meters from the Faberge Museum. Comfortable apartments with modern finishes, fully equipped with everything necessary for life.
Pushka Inn**** - Review rating 9.5 (“Excellent”), price from 7400 rubles for a double room. The hotel is located in a mansion of the XVIII century in the historical part of the city - two minutes walk to Palace Square. Guests in their reviews often note that the staff was very able to recreate the atmosphere of the Pushkin era - and for this alone many are ready to return here again and again.
2. The State Hermitage Museum
Speaking about the fact that a visit to St. Petersburg should be mandatory, we must not forget about this largest museum complex on Earth. It consists of a theater, several palaces, the main headquarters and the Great Hermitage. In addition to the traditional inspection of exhibits, guests are offered individual excursion support: guides in St. Petersburg conduct a tour of the complex, tailored to the wishes and interests of tourists.
3. Palace Square
The square is rich in its own sights, including the Hermitage and the Winter Palace. The Corps of the Guards Headquarters, decorated with majestic arches, and a giant granite column of Alexandria with an angel on top are also located there. On the column are bas-reliefs depicting world allegories and military armor. Your trip to the northern capital of Russia will be incomplete without visiting this central square of the metropolis.
5. The cruiser Aurora
The ship of 1990, more than once participating in the battles of the Great Patriotic War, the Russo-Japanese and World War I. At one time, the ship served as a base for cadets, now it is a museum with half a thousand samples of different eras. In addition to permanent, you can see temporary expositions.
Be sure to watch this beautiful video about St. Petersburg!
6. House of Peter I
We included this object in the list of “the best sights of St. Petersburg” because the date of its construction is similar to the date of creation of St. Petersburg itself. The building has a rather unusual appearance, and is in the complex "Russian Museum". Buy a ticket, and you can look at the layout of Troitskaya Square of the 18th century, and at the things that once belonged to Peter the Great himself.
8. Peter and Paul Fortress
The hexagonal fortress with which the history of Peter began. Today, a historical museum is open here (among other exhibits - the tomb of members of the Romanov family), the complex also has several houses, a prison, a bastion and a cathedral. If you do not know what to see in St. Petersburg in 1 day, but are passionate about the history of Russia, come here.
An ancient and truly unusual museum of the northern capital, opened at the direction of Peter the Great in 1714. The presented exhibits were created both by human efforts and the efforts of nature. The idea of opening the complex came to the king’s head after he saw a tree in whose trunk another tree grew. Kunstkamera objects are examples of various deformities. Among the first objects are several living creatures (midgets, giants, etc.).
13. Kazan Cathedral
Despite the fact that the construction of the building (in 1801) began after the death of Emperor Paul, the idea of building the cathedral belongs to him. Near the walls is the burial of Kutuzov. The cathedral has great architectural and historical significance. Among the main features of the interior decoration are 56 Corinthian marble columns.
14. Nicholas Naval Cathedral
The construction of the 18th century, which houses the icon of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, as well as some of his relics. The name of the object is not accidental - to this day church services are held here in memory of the dead sailors. Since the 19th century, a charity society with a hospital, an educational institution and a shelter for women has been open in the building.
15. Alexander Nevsky Lavra
The central object of the northern capital, erected by order of Peter the Great. Later, the relics of Alexander Nevsky began to be stored in the laurel. Of interest are both local necropolises (including the graves of Dostoevsky, Lomonosov, Krylov and many other famous figures of art and culture), and the facade with the interior of the church.
21. Palace Bridge
A cast-iron construction of a movable type, which is a true symbol of the northern capital, and created back in 1916 (it was repeatedly reconstructed). Included in all ratings "the best sights of Russia." The bridge connects the center of the metropolis and Vasilievsky Island, stretching over the Neva. The mass of the grand structure is about 7 hundred tons.
22. Summer garden
If you want to relax from the hustle and bustle of the metropolis, come to the Kutuzov embankment in the "heart" of the city. You can take wonderful photos, enjoy the clean air, the view of fountains, sculptures and alleys. Not so long ago, a large-scale reconstruction was carried out on the territory, thanks to which the greenhouse of the 19th century was restored, new trees were planted, and architectural objects were updated. At least one day should be allocated for a walk in the Summer Garden.
On a vast territory of more than 2.5 thousand acres, there are over a dozen picturesque landscaped parks and about two hundred delightful cascading fountains. The museum and park complex is 30 km away. from the traits of Peter, and is open to all comers at any time of the year. Its inspection in the summer months is especially recommended: fountain shows, balls, music events and various festivals are regularly organized here.
25. Museum-reserve Pavlovsk
A chic palace and park complex, which was built by order of Paul the First and his wife. On the territory there is an active temple, many sculptural groups, bridges, pavilions and landscape zones. Vacationers often take an entire day to inspect the square and its natural exhibits. If you wish, you can rent an electric car, boat or bicycle here.
A separate town located on the island of the Gulf of Finland. Over the 300-year history, 17 fort structures necessary for protecting the port were erected here. Modern Kronstadt is a place for repair of marine vessels, historical monuments (included in the list of UNESCO sites) and a commercial port. Book a boat trip and you can watch the remains of ruined fortresses.
27. Lions of St. Petersburg
The northern capital is filled with sphinxes and lions in stone, gypsum and a wide variety of metals - from copper to cast iron, it is simply impossible to count them all in the city. By the time they appear, they are also diverse - from our time to the beginning of the 18th century. The fashion for decorating squares, parks and buildings with figures of these animals was instituted by Peter.Note that today many modern hotels and cafes, shops and lounges also decorate their interiors and exteriors with sculptures of lions, believing that these animals will protect against problems and will support the welfare of the institution.
The main attractions of St. Petersburg
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- Excursions in St. Petersburg
What to see in St. Petersburg in 1 day
The classic first day visit to St. Petersburg is, of course, a sightseeing walk through the city center.
Getting to know St. Petersburg is worth a walk from the end of Nevsky Prospekt, Alexander Nevsky Square, towards the Admiralty, guided by its spire, which can also be seen from anywhere on Gorokhovaya Street and from Voznesensky Prospekt.
On the way, you will enjoy the festive architecture of St. Petersburg, walk up Vosstaniya Square, decorated with sculptures of the Anichkov Bridge over the Fontanka, Catherine Square with the Empress Monument, Gostiny Dvor, the lowest city bridge - Kazan, the magnificent Kazan Cathedral, then along the Green Bridge over the Moika River and finally get to Admiralteysky Prospekt and Palace Square. Then you can linger and wander around the Hermitage or continue on through the Palace Bridge to Birzhevaya Square. Another option is to linger in the city center, deviate from Nevsky Prospekt to visit the Alexander Garden or climb to the observation deck of St. Isaac's Cathedral, reach the Bronze Horseman. An alternative to continuing the walk is to rest your legs and finally relax on the Field of Mars.
Visiting the main attractions of the city on the Neva is easier with CityPass, which is valid for 2, 3 or 5 days.
A great option for one day stay in the city can be ready sightseeing tours: There are a lot of similar offers from the guides of the project Experts.Turister.ru.
What to see in St. Petersburg in 2 days
For the first day, you can adhere to the already indicated excursion program maximum, and for the second day of rest in St. Petersburg, consider a different format. An interesting option is an excursion to the palace complexes in the suburbs of St. Petersburg, for example, to Peterhof (Grand Palace), Pushkin (Catherine, Alexander Palace, Lyceum of Pushkin) or Pavlovsk (Pavlovsky Palace).
The second popular format is “Museum Day” with an overview of several museums and treasures of the capital. But here you need to be careful: for a detailed acquaintance for the day, it will be possible to plan only 2-3 large museums, such as the Kunstkamera, the Hermitage, the Peter and Paul Fortress complex, and the cruiser Aurora museum. The best end to the evening (any day) is a trip to a performance or musical performance in one of the St. Petersburg theaters.
What to see in St. Petersburg in 3 days
The three-day holiday program in St. Petersburg also involves the selection of priority routes, since even for this period (and for a week) it is impossible to cover all the main attractions of the city and the nearest suburban palace complexes.
In good weather, one of the days can be almost entirely devoted to rest on Krestovsky Island - in the amusement park "Divo Ostrov". On cloudy days, it’s not difficult to find alternatives in indoor complexes such as Maza Park or large water parks.
Another direction is to open literary Petersburg on your own: visit the museum-apartments of your favorite writers, take pictures of the monuments dedicated to them, or even walk along the Raskolnikov route. Other unusual places can be chosen to your taste: mark on the map sculptures of lions, extraordinary architectural objects, a miniature park, routes along the embankments. For many tourists, a compulsory program also includes a cruise along the rivers and canals of St. Petersburg and a photograph of the sky from the well-yard.
Sights of St. Petersburg for children
Standard routes in St. Petersburg for schoolchildren are sightseeing tours: trips to the palace and park complexes, exploring museum expositions or walking through the city center along the Neva Embankment, past the Bronze Horseman and St. Isaac's Cathedral.
You can diversify the cultural program by visiting unusual sights that children will definitely like: for example, go to the Chocolate Shop Museum at Gostiny Dvor for half an hour or the Museum of Soviet slot machines. For a group of schoolchildren, you can arrange a visit to the Wax Museum or the St. Petersburg Puppet Museum, where master classes are held on Sundays. High school students will be interested in going to the apartment museums of famous writers who lived at different times in the city on the Neva: to see where Gumilev, Dostoevsky, Pushkin, Blok, Akhmatova, Nabokov lived and worked. A universal recreation route for children and adults - a trip to the Leningrad Zoo.
Special attention should be paid to amusement parks and water parks of St. Petersburg, which are so often forgotten when drawing up a recreation program. In summer or spring-autumn, in fine weather, you should go to one of the amusement parks for the whole day: "Divo Ostrov", "Gagarin Park" (in winter there is an ice town) or rope park. There are entertainment for every taste: children's and classic, extreme attractions, interactive performances. Waterparks "Peterland" and "Rodeo Drive" are open year-round, as well as amusement parks in large shopping centers. Attractions of St. Petersburg in winter - open skating rinks on Palace Square, on Krestovsky Island, in Peterhof.
You will find more interesting places for family vacations in the material “St. Petersburg for Children”.