I visited York on Sunday, almost all the shops were closed, I easily found paid parking not far from the walls of the old city. The city stands on the hills and my rental car climbed them with difficulty. My walk around the city was reduced to its study inside the ancient city walls, which are certainly well preserved taking into account their age. The walls were erected in the 14th century on the foundations of ancient Roman walls.
View from the wall of York, low-rise brick buildings There, in the distance, with a bright mass rises York Cathedral Street leading to York Cathedral
This museum sells tickets that give you the right to visit it within 12 months from the date of purchase, however for me it was not relevant, but 7.5 pounds had to be paid. Museum Website: www.yorkshiremuseum.org.uk
If you want to see York, first visit the Yorkshire Museum, which is what the tourist brochure called for. This museum promises a story about the history of the place where present Yorkshire is located from prehistoric times to the present day, a considerable part of the exhibition is devoted to paleontology. Take a walk on the authentic ancient Roman mosaic floor, kneel before the tomb of St. William of medieval times, look at the monsters that swam deep underwater at a time when the sea was splashing in York. Meet the people who founded York as a garrison and trading city and a city of three emperors. Get to know the citizens of the city of Eboracum and touch their life in a city leading its history from ancient Roman times. March along with the legions and the merchants who follow, casting a wary glance at the local Breton tribes. Learn about the Roman road of death and look into the eyes of the ancient god of war Mars. Medieval York is power and glory for centuries. The museum has an exposition of jewelry and beautifully decorated weapons. Take a trip from the Saxon Fortress to the Viking Kingdom and the glorious capital of North Yorkshire. You will understand why the medieval decoration of York envy the largest museums in the world. The entire previous text is a quote from the museum’s brochure in my translation.
It is understandable why they wrote this inviting text, the museum opened after a massive reconstruction in 2010. A total of £ 2 million was spent on repairs and refurbishment.
Indeed, the exposition inspires respect, the most interesting area seemed to me a real excavation under a glass floor. At least I have never seen anything like this before. Extensive archaeological research has been underway in Yorkshire for a long time and the museum is full of antiquities, which can conditionally be divided into three periods
1. Eboracum: face to face with the Romans 2. York: Power and Glory (Angles, Vikings, and Medieval York 3. Extinct: the road of life (family-oriented exhibition on the past of our planet).
Exhibits of the Yorkshire Museum Exhibits of the Yorkshire Museum 19th Century Police Guns, Yorkshire Museum 19th Century Police Guns, Yorkshire Museum Bootham Gate of York
Recently, a lot of money was spent on strengthening the vaults of the cathedral and strengthening the foundations, and therefore entrance to the cathedral became paid - 10 pounds, but entrance to the cathedral is free for local residents. There is no paid entrance to the current Catholic Cathedral even in the most expensive city in Europe - Venice, but God bless them, if the money goes for restoration, it’s not a pity.
York Cathedral, repair is endless
It is also called St. Peter's Basilica in York, or York-Minster, it fights for the title of the largest Gothic cathedral in northern Europe with Cologne Cathedral in Germany, but the largest Gothic cathedral is still located in Milan. The cathedral is really huge, I walked around it for a long time in vain trying to photograph it in its entirety, but I did not succeed stubbornly. Very narrow streets near the cathedral.
York cathedral, and on this facade repair York cathedral, gargoyles
The cathedral dates back to 627, when the first wooden church was built on this site, but already in 632 the church became stone, in its time the York Cathedral was subjected to numerous rebuilding and restoration after fires and destruction. And the present appearance of the cathedral acquired by 1472, as it took several centuries to build the Cologne Cathedral.
It must be said that York possesses this treasure - the only ring of walls in Britain. You can even walk around them in a circle of just 4.8 km. Powerful fortifications in the Monk Bar, Walmgate (Walmgate bar) and Butam (Bootham bar) gates are particularly impressive: Welmgate gates even retained the only barbican in England that survived the last automobile invasion. All the other barbicans were demolished at one time, they interfere with automobile traffic. However, the walls still suffered from this very movement, for passage several holes and arches were made in them.
Streets of york Streets of york Streets of york Streets of york Streets of york Streets of york Streets of york Streets of york Streets of york Streets of york
On the site of York, settlements have existed since the Mesolithic and compared to Edinburgh, which I visited yesterday, it is certainly an older city, but it seemed to me more modest in size.
I also visited the Museum Garden, located in the city center, next to the Yorkshire Museum. The size of the garden is about 4 hectares. In the garden are the ruins of the Benedictine Abbey of St. Mary, when it was one of the richest in England, the ruins of the Kings estate. Here is the Observatory of the city, as well as the Church of St. Olivia.
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How to get there
There is no airport in York, so first you need to fly to London or another major city. The choice of airport depends on the purpose of the trip: if York is the only destination in England, it is better to choose an airport in the northeast, in a city with direct road links to York. If you plan to visit not only York, but also other cities of the United Kingdom, you should fly to one of London airports: firstly, flights to London are usually cheaper, and secondly, London airports are conveniently located relative to each other, and to domestic Flights are subject to substantial discounts.
There are several ways to get to York from London: by train from King’s Cross station (it takes a little less than 2 hours, the ticket costs 115 GBP), by bus (tickets can be bought online, at the station before departure and at the Tourist Information Center) or by rented car. Prices on the page are for September 2018.
If York is the main place of your stay, and you are not going to travel much to other cities, it is better not to rent a car: it’s not easy to drive here, and there is nowhere to park.
Search for flights to London (the closest airport to York)
It was said above that you should not drive around York by car: endless road repairs, their narrowing under bicycle paths and improper traffic organization turn the city into one big traffic jam daily, especially during rush hours.
If you arrive by car from another city and leave no later than 20:00, use the services of Park and Ride intercepting parking lot near the center or 5 similar outskirts. If you intend to spend the night at the hotel, make sure that it has parking for customers.
If you do not use the car, then how to get around? In York, of course, there is a network of bus routes and they connect all the most interesting sights, but, firstly, they are not very cheap (taxis will cost a smaller amount for short distances), and secondly, traffic jams also apply to buses.
It is better to explore the city center on foot: firstly, every day from 8:00 to 16:00 it turns into a pedestrian zone for everyone except disabled drivers and emergency vehicles, and secondly, the historical center is small, you can walk from edge to edge in 20 minutes.
It is recommended to travel around the city by bicycle: York is the most favorable city for this transport in the whole United Kingdom. The terrain is flat, the city has a large number of bicycle routes, maps of which are on the Internet, and there are plenty of rental points and bicycle parking lots in the city.
It is worth knowing that for cycling in the city center from 8:00 to 16:00, and also without lighting after dark, violators face a fine.
Shopping & Stores
York is known for its boutiques and unique shops. Here, of course, there is a standard set of modern boutiques in the center, a must for every major European city, but the real pride of York shopping is not them. A paradise for seekers of rare things - Shambles. This is picturesque medieval - the narrowest and busiest street in York with wooden shops hanging over the heads of passers-by. Earlier there were butcher shops, today - souvenir shops.
During the existence of the city, many areas have radically changed their appearance, but not Shambles - everything here is almost the same as it was in the Middle Ages.
In addition to shops, York is also known for its chocolate factories and university.
Entertainment and Attractions York
As already mentioned, the main attraction and hallmark of the city is York Minster. This magnificent building is not only the largest cathedral in northern Europe, but also a medieval building with the largest stained glass windows. The cathedral stands on the spot where King Edwin was baptized. Construction began in 1220 and lasted 250 years. The cathedral burned down several times, the last time it was restored in 2007. The entrance to Minster is paid for adults and free for children under 16 years of age.
Viking Center Jorvik
The Jorvik Viking Center is a museum on the site of archaeological excavations, during which the city of the 9th century was discovered. A tour of it is a journey in a “time machine” through a reconstructed Viking settlement of a thousand years ago. Real archaeological finds are also on display. In even more ancient times, a trip to the Baths of the Roman Legion of Eborac (as the Romans called York) will allow you to plunge. During Roman rule, the 6th Roman Legion was quartered here. Thanks to this, today you can admire the Roman baths in miniature.
In the Art Gallery you can see the works of English artists, as well as famous painters of Italy and Northern Europe. Near the city station is another interesting museum - the National Museum of Railways. More than 50 locomotives are presented here, the oldest of which was launched in 1829. There are also modern trains, in particular the world's fastest Mallard steam engine, with a speed of 203 km / h. Entrance to the museum is free.
And not far from the city is the so-called. York Labyrinth. It is a corn field with branching paths between plantings and claims to be the largest maze in the world. It can be reached by car or bus. The maze only works in the summer months for obvious reasons.
Traditionally, New Year in England is not celebrated as widely as Christmas. On the eve of Christmas in York opens the St. Nicholas Fair, one of the most popular in the UK, which is visited annually by thousands of tourists. The fair consists of several markets specializing in the sale of gifts, crafts and local farm products. Markets are located on Parliament Street, St Sampsons Square and Coppergate. The Guild Building exhibits works by artists and artisans from all over the region. Barley Hall, a magnificent medieval mansion, opens up a craft market dressed in medieval fashion; St. William's College opens up a market for arts and crafts where you can buy handicrafts. And on New Year's Eve itself, the lights over numerous fireworks illuminate the sky over York.
York - attractions and entertainment in the company guide
York, although small, but here you can get at once for several Free walking tours. The most free of all free tours is organized by the local city council - the Free Walking Tour from the York City Volunteer Guides Association.
Tipping really refuse to take, although all the guides are very nice and in 2-2.5 hours the tour covers almost all the most important places in the city. Tours start at the entrance to York Art Gallery.
Another tour organized by local students also promises to be free, but for tips in the standard £ 5-10. Footprints tours already working in Bath, Oxford, Cambridge and London, so they can vouch for quality.
Every Saturday you can go on a free tour of the main park in York York Museum Gardens. During the hour of the tour you will learn about the rare plants and trees of the park, as well as the history of St Mary’s Abbey - the ruins of the cathedral are located in the park.
You can also organize a thematic walk yourself.
To do this, take a look at The cat gallery (45 Low Petergate) and get a free map with places where you will find all the cats in York (or rather, their mini-sculptures).
The walk will take 2.5-3 hours and during its time, since it covers mainly the center of the city, it will be possible to learn not only about the cats themselves, but also about many memorable places of the city, as well as why this whole story with cats, in fact, and started.
Walking around the city, you will surely notice a stern man in a black top hat, a cloak and a lantern in his hand - this is how they invite you to the York Ghost Tour. The original ghost walk of york costs £ 5 and absolutely justifies its price, since the actors are very accustomed to the role and you are immersed in the magical atmosphere of the old city.
The symbol of the city and the place to start exploring York can be considered York minster (Deangate). The cathedral is the national pride of all Yorkshires. York Minster is recognized as one of the largest medieval temples in northern Europe.
Admission costs £ 11 for an adult or £ 10 for online bookings, for students and seniors £ 9 and children under 16 for free. The ticket includes a visit to the cathedral and the underground museum, as well as an excursion.
For a price slightly higher - £ 16 for an adult, a student of £ 14 and children under 16 - £ 5, an entrance to the roof of the cathedral is attached, from where you can see all the beauty of York.
After the cathedral, be sure to go to the most beautiful museum in the city York Art Gallery (Exhibition Square), where new exhibitions are held all the time, and also has its own very cool collection of ceramics, including works by Picasso himself. Almost all museums in York are currently participating in the Hands on project, where local volunteer children will help to touch the beauty in the literal sense and answer all your tricky questions about art objects. A visit to the museum will cost £ 6.81.
If you like archeology and the Middle Ages, then do not miss Yorkshire museum and gardens. The museum is located right in the park and is adjacent to the York Art Gallery. Admission for an adult is £ 7.50, for children under 16 - free.
Then go see the city center. All the streets of York are very picturesque, so do not rush anywhere, stop to listen to local musicians and then go out to the most famous street Shambles, on which there will be a market of the same name, containing flea, food, and art market.
Literally a stone's throw from Shambles - a chocolate museum with a local shop York's Chocolate Story (3-4 Kings Square). You will pay £ 12.50 for an adult, £ 11.50 for a student for a tour with the possibility of being chocolatier. The museum is quite popular among tourists, so it is better to book in advance.
Yorvik Viking Center (19 Coppergate) was built for all Viking fans and their culture.Yorkers are very proud of this museum, as it combines a lot of cool pieces, various exhibits and is a great example of a truly modern museum. Look at the prices better on the website - there are several options for visiting the center.
IN York Castle Museum (Eye of York, Tower St) The main attraction is Kirkgate Street. Inside the museum, you can walk along an exact copy of the most famous Victorian street in York, stopping by at the school, at the police station, and at the shops. Ticket for an adult is £ 10.00, for children under 16 - free of charge (for one paying adult).
Fairfax house (Castlegate) is the place most often visited by the British themselves, since visiting private historic houses is one of the most popular types of recreation among the British. You can find out how York city life went on in the 18th century for £ 7.50 for an adult, £ 6.00 for a student and for a child from 6 to 16 - £ 3.00.
Not far from museums will rise Clifford`s tower (Tower St) - together with York Minster one of the most recognizable symbols of the city. The tower is associated with a rather sad event - the massacre of Jews in 1190. The main reason to climb the tower is, of course, the view. Ticket for an adult - £ 5.40, for children 5-17 years old - £ 3.20.
If you want to visit another museum and also free, then be sure to visit National railway museum (Leeman Rd). Train lovers from all over England come here.
The museum’s exposition is truly huge and will impress even those who are not particularly keen on this topic: you can see from the inside what the royal lineup looked like, the very first Eurostar, as well as all kinds of small and not very exhibits related in one way or another to trains of the past and present .
After the museum, return closer to the center and walk along the promenade, where you can always meet office workers, runners or tourists.
Watch the local ducks who can brazenly steal your lunch (so have a better snack in the center).
If you want to take a walk on the other side of the river, go to All saints' church (North St) - here is a rare collection of medieval stained glass window of the XIV century. The entrance is free.
York boasts another unusual attraction that will surely appeal to any tourist - a walk along the walls of the city. This pleasure is not worth any money. The walls of the city are authentic, and from there a stunning view of the cathedral and many other architectural beauties of the city opens.
What is worth seeing in York?
York is one of the most important cities in England, in the county of North Yorkshire. Almost 185 thousand people live in the city, and the residence of the archbishop of York is also located here. York is a city with a rich history and cultural heritage, so just don’t doubt that there is something to see. By the way, here's what you can take a look at:
Walmgate Gate (Walmgate Bar)
This is one of the four gates to the medieval city, which had a defensive function. The gates are a massive stone arch, which was built in the 12th century. The main and one of a kind (in York) attraction is the Barbican (a stone tower surrounded by a wall of stone).
This two-level barbican has a viewing platform at the top, and the lower part was used as a warehouse for food and weapons. Massive oak gates with stone pillars and bars are dated back to the 15th century. The gates have undergone many attacks and fires in their history, and after destructive actions they have been restored more than once.
Today, the gate is a favorite tourist destination. Inside there is a nice cafe where you can have a snack after a tour of the fortress.
Address: 135 Walmgate
Durham Cathedral of Christ and St. Mary (Durham Cathedral)
The cathedral in the Romanesque style was built in the 11th century, and in the first centuries after the construction it also performed a defensive function. After the consecration of the temple, the relics of Cuthbert of Lindisfarne and Oswald of Northumbria, the main shrines of Durham, were transferred here.
In the 12th century, the Gothic-style chapel was added to the cathedral, where the relics of the chronicler Beda Venerable and Cardinal Thomas Langley are now located. It is noteworthy that the cathedral houses one of the largest collections of English old printed books and 3 copies of the Magna Carta.
The 66-meter-high tower in the center of the cathedral has a viewing platform at the top, which offers magnificent views of the city and surroundings. Durham Cathedral and the nearby castle are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Address: The College, Durham (1 hr. 20 min drive from York North)
This is the oldest bridge in the city, because it was built in the 9th century! Over these long centuries, the bridge was reconstructed, rebuilt, and destroyed, but it has been well preserved to this day. What we can see today is the result of a global reconstruction of 1821.
The reinforced concrete bridge with a length of 220 meters and a width of 12 meters consists of three spans, with powerful concrete supports. About 10 thousand cars pass through this bridge per day and as many pedestrians walk along the beautiful bridge. Near the bridge is a cozy park, a number of nice restaurants and cafes.
This is a very romantic bridge from which you can enjoy views of the Uz River. It is especially beautiful here in the evening, when the bridge and the promenade are illuminated by lights.
Address: 15 Low Ousegate
The town hall in the heart of the city, on the banks of the Ouse River, was built in the 15th century and was the meeting place of the guilds that control the trade of York.
The current structure is a restored version of the original building, which was badly damaged during the bombing of World War II.
The Victorian-style town hall with its oak columns of Galtres Royal Forest, stained glass windows that paint different periods of York's history and its luxurious interior are truly impressive. Today, the town hall hosts both political meetings and cultural events.
Also in the town hall is a concert hall with a capacity of 1,500 people - here are concerts of British and foreign performers. In the art gallery of the Town Hall you can admire two hundred paintings by surrealist artists and progressive contemporary artists who worked in the 70s of the 20th century.
Address: Saint Helens Square
This museum has been operating since 1830. The magnificent Victorian building contains 4 permanent exhibits with outstanding collections of international importance in the fields of such sciences as biology, geology, archeology and astronomy. Here you can admire 200 thousand exhibits of flora and fauna, stuffed animals and the remains of animals that lived on this territory more than 125 million years ago.
The geological hall displays 120 thousand samples of rocks, minerals and fossils. There is also an astronomical exposition at the museum’s observatory, which is equipped with interactive devices that allow you to make a virtual flight into space.
The archaeological part amazes with the number of artifacts - there are more than 500 thousand of them, and all this was found during excavations in the territory of York and the surrounding area.
Address: Museum Gardens, Museum St
Yorkshire Air Museum
The museum is located on the territory of the old RAF Elvington air base near York. This base was created during the Second World War. Almost forty years after the end of the war, these structures were restored and an open-air museum was created here.
The museum's collection consists of about 60 aircraft and vehicles, including the rarest models of the Halifax and Nimrod bombers. Also here you can see the control tower, uniforms, displays with military items and pilots' huts - the atmosphere in the museum is simply indescribable.
Nearby you can find a restaurant and a souvenir shop. Children will definitely like the museum, because two are designed specifically for children.
Address: Halifax Way, Elvington (15 minutes drive from downtown York southeast)
This building on the campus of York University is a Victorian building with two floors, which was built in 1568. At first, the building of brick and stone was the home of the secretary of the city administration, then for a very long time after the death of the owner and his relatives, the house was in desolation.
In the middle of the last century, the house was finally renovated and opened for free visits. I am glad that the restoration almost did not change the original appearance of the building. Inside, you can see chic Gregorian-style cabinets with antique furniture and paintings by former owners. In addition, the university administration is meeting today in Heslington.
Around the building you can see a lush and very beautiful garden.
Address: 3 Main St
York is a city where you can experience the true spirit of ancient England. It is very interesting for its history and architecture. The local cathedrals, churches, ramparts, streets and museums carefully preserve the atmosphere of the Middle Ages.
York is one of the most important cities in England. Here is the residence of the archbishop who heads the churches of York.
Holidays in York will interest everyone who is interested in the history of the Vikings and the Middle Ages or just loves to learn new things about the cities of the world.
Climate and weather
Under the influence of the Gulf Stream in York, a mild climate has formed with cool summers and warm winters. The average January temperatures here are kept at +3.4 ° С, in the summer months they reach +16 ° С.
Winter in York is never a stable snow cover, although during the period from December to early April there are frequent snowfalls.
Precipitation in the form of rain is especially common from late October to early December.
The most comfortable period for trips to York is the end of spring and the summer months.
|Number of population||194 900 people|
|Founded||71 BC e.|
|Population density||73 people / km²|
|Timezone||UTC + 0|
|International dialing code||+441904|
The fertile land of York is located at the confluence of the Foss and Ouse rivers. Most of the land has agricultural purpose. The city is rich in picturesque natural landscapes, surrounded by greenery, large gardens and magnificent parks.
Speaking about the sights of York, the first thing to mention is the Cathedral. It began to be built in the distant XIII century, and completed only 400 years later.
The enormous duration of the construction left its mark on the appearance of the cathedral - various architectural styles intertwine in it, forming as a result a truly unique facade. The height of the temple towers reaches 40 meters.
Today, the Cathedral is the main symbol of York.
In the old district of the city you can look at the remains of the city gate and the fortress wall, as well as visit the cozy Museum of History, which is dedicated to the life of their guards.
It is known that the Vikings greatly influenced the formation of the city. Throughout the 20th century, York was considered the capital city of the Viking Kingdom. The Jorvik Viking Center Museum will tell you in detail about those times, where ancient weapons, maps, ship models and many other interesting artifacts from the time of the legendary conquerors are presented.
A magnificent panorama of the city opens from the top of Cliffords Fortress, whose halls contain a collection of interesting artifacts. A separate room is reserved for Viking artifacts.
Here you will have a fascinating tour, in the framework of which you will have a chance to better get acquainted with the history of York. Also in the fortress is the Art Museum, which stores an invaluable collection of sculptures and paintings.
Art lovers will also appreciate the local Art Gallery, which presents the best works of artists in England.
Not far from the main station is a museum dedicated to the railway. The collection contains 50 locomotives produced in different years and demonstrating the evolution of this type of transport.
Since 1977, a festival has been held in the city dedicated to ancient music written before the beginning of the 19th century.
In York, there are about three hundred different restaurants and cafes. Classic local cuisine can be enjoyed at Rustique Restaurant. During lunch, they offer a budget menu, and throughout the rest of the day you can choose a dish according to your tastes and tastes. The restaurant is open until late at night.
Another great place to taste York's national cuisine is the Masons Bar & Bistro.
You can relax from tiring excursions in the city center by visiting the Mannion And Co. Café. Here you will be offered a good selection of drinks, delicious desserts, fresh salads and excellent specialties.
Breakfast is excellent at the Georgina’s Café, which sells fresh pastries and aromatic coffee. The cafe menu consists of European dishes.
Italian specialties and traditional dishes are served at Il Paradiso del Cibo. It has a unique solemn atmosphere, which is perfect for a romantic dinner or a festive event.
Thai dishes are served at Khao San Rd Cafe Bar. The institution works almost around the clock.
You can plunge into an oriental tale in the restaurant Mumbai Lounge, which is very popular among locals and tourists. Here you will enjoy excellent Indian cuisine. For vegetarians in the institution has a separate menu.
Every September in York, the grand festival Festival of Food and Drink is held, which attracts many guests from all cities of the country.
The city has a lot of budget hotels, hostels and family hotels. A room at the Lady Anne Middleton's two-star hotel costs from 50 to 178 € per night. The 3-star Noir Hotel provides rooms ranging in price from 49 to 240 €. A room in a hotel of the same class The Minster will cost from 70 to 169 € with parking already included in the payment, Wi-Fi and a hot breakfast.
For those who like to relax with chic, the four-star Royal York Hotel is located in the city center. The cost of rooms here varies from 191 to 1 990 € per day.
Fun and relaxation
There are a lot of picturesque parks in York. Here you can always find a picnic place, an alley for walks, a park with children's attractions.
Rowntree Park is a great place to relax in a secluded setting. It is located near the city center. Dean’s Park pleases its visitors with beautiful flower ensembles and original design.
For couples with children, we recommend Deep Sea Den and Creepy Crawlies Adventure Playsite - parks with convenient playgrounds and exciting attractions.
There is also a water park in York called Water World, where there are slides, pools, terraces, playgrounds for young children and older children, an excellent restaurant. In short, everything you need to relax.
You can have a great time at The Wacky Warehouse Entertainment Center. This is one of the most visited establishments in York.
Golf lovers are always welcome at the Fulford Golf Club. Beginners can take a master class from experienced professionals, and experienced visitors can simply play their favorite game on an excellent field.
Specialized clubs are open for tennis fans. The most famous tennis club in York is the Bishopthorpe Tennis Club.
Night clubs and bars fit perfectly into the general atmosphere of the city. The Black Swan Club is one of the most visited establishments of this type. Here you will find an original music program and a large selection of drinks at the bar.
Not far from the city center you can visit the equally famous club The Last Drop Inn.
The most famous and visited shopping and entertainment center of the city is Mulberry Hall. It has antique shops, souvenir shops, household appliances, boutiques, supermarkets and even top-class restaurants.
The city center is rich in modern trendy shops and boutiques. However, the most interesting purchases can be made in the Shambles area. It is here that antique lovers come from all over the world. It is noteworthy that this area of the city has not changed its appearance since the Middle Ages.
As a public transport, Yorkshire and city visitors often use buses. Taxi rides are also very popular. Well, the most convenient form of transport here is a bicycle.
Plain terrain and a large number of bike paths make York the most "bicycle" city in England. Bicycle rental for a day here will cost about 7 €, for 3 days - 12 €.
Keep in mind that for trips without lighting and for cycling in the center of York from 8 to 16 hours you can be fined 38 €. At this time, the city turns into one large pedestrian zone.
Guests of York can stay in touch using the services of mail, landline telephone network, mobile network and the Internet. There is no problem with this.
The cheapest rates for calls to other countries are offered by local public phones. They work on plastic cards, which are sold at all newsstands in York.
The leading mobile operators in the city are Vodafon, Orange and T-Mobile. Freshmobile and Mobileworld networks offer their services at the lowest prices (0.2 € per minute).
Wi-Fi access is available in many entertainment points of the city and hotels. Internet access is also possible from local Internet cafes.
York has a reputation as a city with low crime, a calm and quiet environment. Here you can safely walk the streets even in the dark, but pocket thieves can hunt in crowded places.
The local population is open and friendly, they are always happy to help tourists.
Local restaurants in York have the highest prices. If you want to eat sparingly and tasty, visit cafes and pubs.
To get discounts on excursions, head to the expositions you are interested in by small companies, and not alone.
Smoke only in special areas. Smoking in a public place is considered a violation and is punishable by a fine from 15 to 30 €.
Arriving at the park, specify whether the area you have chosen is intended for the desired relaxation, since not all parks are allowed to sit on the lawn or grill kebabs. Violation of these rules also entails a fine.
York, England: what to visit for a tourist
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York is one of the most significant historical cities in England, the main city of the eastern part of the county of North Yorkshire. The city of York is located at the confluence of the Fos River into the Ouse River.
The city has a rich historical and cultural heritage, for a long time it was an important arena of political events that had a strong influence on the entire course of the history of Great Britain.
York is the traditional capital of the north of England. It arose in 71 AD e. on the basis of the Roman fortress of Eboracum, named, perhaps, by the name of one of the Britons who lived in those parts. In Roman times, Eboracum was the capital of the province of Lower Britain. In 415, the settlement was captured by a Germanic tribe of Angles, which put an end to Roman rule.
Since the 6th century, York has become the center of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom, called Northumbria. From the middle of the 8th century, York became the archbishopric, and from 735, the residence of the archbishop of York.
In 866, York was captured by the Vikings, who renamed it Jorvik, after which the city became the capital of the kingdom of the same name.
The city received its modern name after the conquest of England by the Normans in the 13th century.
In the Middle Ages, York was a regional center for the wool trade and northern metropolis of the Kingdom of England. In addition, timber trading brought the city a fair amount of profit.
Most of all, York owes its prosperity to the concentration in it in the 19th century of the nobility of northern England.
In the 19th century, due to its favorable geographical position, York became an important railway junction and industrial center of the empire. Over the past decade, the city’s economy has shifted from industry to services. York University and health services have become the region’s main employers today.
During the 20th century, the number of inhabitants of York increased from 60 thousand to 100 thousand.
Regardless of whether you came to York for the whole vacation, for a week, or if you are traveling here, only 1 day, we will help you choose the most interesting places.
There is something to see here - for example, sights, you will find information about each place from us: from the time of work to a detailed description with photos. Below is a list of the best places in York, based on the rating and user reviews of our site.
You can also take part in the ranking of places by leaving your review and rating. This will help our future users to choose what is interesting to see in York.
Viking Museum Jorvik (Jorvik Viking Center)
In the late 1970s, while preparing for the construction of a shopping center right in the center of York, workers discovered bones, utensils, and ancient buildings.
Excavations have begun at the site, after which the collection of the York Archaeological Fund has been enriched by 40,000 objects, perfectly preserved thanks to moist clay soil.
At the end of the excavation, it was decided to build a museum dedicated to the Vikings.
Today, the Yorvik Museum is one of York's most visited attractions. The museum tour is interesting for both adults and children. An extensive exposition of Viking heritage allows you to touch antiquity, and in the interactive halls, history comes to life, clearly demonstrating the life, life and customs of ancient tribes.
If you suddenly find yourself in York in mid-February, do not miss the chance to visit the annual Viking Festival. Numerous performances, reconstructions and workshops carry visitors a thousand years ago, immersing them in the daily lives of legendary warriors. And medieval bazaars on the streets of the city and thematic menus in establishments recreate the atmosphere of bygone times in York for a while.
- Address: 19 Coppergate, York YO1 9WT
- Opening hours: 10: 00-17: 00 from April to October, 10: 00-16: 00 from November to March
York Cathedral (York Minster)
York Cathedral is a unique monument of medieval architecture throughout the UK and one of the main attractions of York.
The construction of the cathedral began in 1220 and lasted 250 years, which is not surprising at the scale of construction: it is not in vain that the York Minister bears the title of the second largest Gothic church in northern Europe, second only to the cathedral in Cologne.
The cathedral is also famous for the largest stained glass windows of medieval architecture: the height of the large eastern window is 23 meters.
- Address: Deangate, York YO1 7HH
- Opening hours: 07: 00-18: 30
You can continue to familiarize yourself with the history of these lands in York Castle. The four-leafed tower towering on a hill is only part of the most important fortification built here during the Norman conquest of England.
According to some reports, the first castle was built on this site in 1068 in just 8 days and was made of wood. In the 13th century, Henry III rebuilt the walls and citadel in stone.
The castle played a special role during the periods of the Scottish independence wars in the XIII-XIV centuries and the civil war of the XVII century.
Today, the restored Clifford Tower is a historical monument and landmark of York. Next to it is a museum where you can learn about the history of the city and the UK.
- Address: Tower Street, York YO1 9SA
- Clifford Tower Hours: 10: 00-18: 00, Museum Hours: 09: 30-17: 00
Shambles Street is a popular attraction in York and one of the most beautiful streets not only in the UK, but throughout the world. Its age is almost a thousand years, and over the past centuries it has practically not lost its medieval appearance: some buildings date back to the XIV century.
Walking along the old cobblestones among the half-timbered facades, forged signboards and elegant showcases, you can easily feel yourself in a medieval fairy tale. Shambles used to be a butcher shop street. Today, souvenir shops, pubs and cafes are located here.
In the narrowest part of the street you can spread your arms and reach buildings on both sides. It was the tortuous Shambles that the artists were inspired to create the scenery for Oblique Lane for the Harry Potter films, and it is not surprising: where, no matter how here, look for magical objects and potions!
- Address: The Shambles, York YO1 7LA
York is a wonderful city for relaxing and exploring the history and culture of Great Britain. The sights of York will be interesting to both adults and children.
Want to make your trip to foggy Albion even more beneficial? Combine it with English classes! Learning in a language environment in a city with a rich historical past is the most effective way to improve your knowledge.
Check out our York English learning options and start your journey to knowledge now!
Visa to England on your own: instructions and important tips
Last time we figured out whether it is really so difficult to get a British visa, as is commonly believed among Russians. Today we will dwell on the most important question: how to get a visa to England on your own?
27 Mar 2017 Travel Tips
Autumn holidays in England: a selection of programs for schoolchildren
Autumn is a great season to visit England.
Prices at this time are not so biting, moderate weather is conducive to walking and sightseeing, and the lack of crowds of tourists allows you to safely enjoy the local flavor.
All the more attractive is the opportunity to spend the autumn holidays in England as part of a trip to language courses!
20 Sep 2017 Promotions
History of York
The Roman name for York comes from the British name for this locality is Eburos. According to one version, this was the name of the person who first built the house here. According to another version, the ancient British called the sacred Celtic yew tree.
When in the sixth century the Anglo-Saxons, who arrived from Germany and Denmark, settled the north of England, they made Eboracum the capital of Northumberland County. Eboracum was transformed by the Anglo-Saxon dialect into Eoforwic. A word that is similar in sound but completely different in meaning, meaning ‘place of a boar’.
In 865 N. e. the Danes conquered the North, and in 876 made the Eoforwic capital of the Viking Kingdom of York.
The historical memory of the Vikings is preserved in the names of the streets of York, where the suffix gate (gate), for example, in Stonegate or Goodramgate, remained from the Old Icelandic ‘gata’, which meant a road or a path. Stonegate Street runs along the Roman road crossing the city, and Goodramgate is named after Guthrum, the leader of the Vikings.
The walls surrounding York, England's best-preserved urban defenses. They stretch for 2.5 miles and surround an area of 263 acres. The walls retained all four gates to the city, called bars, as well as 34 of 39 defensive towers.
The first defensive walls around York arose in 71 AD. e., when the 9th Roman Legion built a fort at the strategically important confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss.
The ramparts were made of earth taken out during the construction of the protective moat. At its top was a wooden fence. By the 3rd century AD he was completely replaced by a stone wall. In accordance with Roman military tradition, four gates were located on opposite sides of the fortress. The area of the fortress occupied more than 20 hectares.
Robin Hood Tower
Under her protection, the Roman Keltic city of Eboracum began to grow. By the beginning of the 3rd century, the city was located on one side of the river, and the Roman military fortress on the other. Surrounded by strong stone walls, Eboracum was an important city in England from the Roman period.
Until today, one of the towers of this time has survived - the Multangular Tower. It was built during the reign of Emperor Severus between 209 and 211 years. It had three floors and a roof, but now you can see only the Roman base, 6 m high. In the Middle Ages, the tower was rebuilt.
Upstairs is visible part of the preserved medieval wall with loopholes.
Ruins of the Multangular Tower
The Anglo-Saxons who settled here after the departure of the Romans did not know how to build from stone. To strengthen the city, in some places they hid the Roman stone walls, pouring a high earthen rampart on top of them. But even these fortifications did not help the defenders of the city in 866, when the Vikings captured York.
The city became the capital of the Viking kingdom and flourished under their rule. After the approval of William the Conqueror on the English throne in 1066, he continued to move north and two years later entered York. According to their usual practice, in order to consolidate power over the region, the Normans built two fortresses in the city, York Castle and Baile Hill.
Baile Hill Fortress has not been preserved.
York Castle York Castle was built in 1068 from wood. This made him easy prey a year later, when he was burned to the ground by rebellious locals.
The castle was restored and lasted more than a century, but in 1190 it burned down again. This time during the Jewish pogrom. A group of local Jews took refuge in it.
In order not to be burnt alive, the Jews decided to die at the hands of each other. This tragedy is dedicated to the memorial located at the foot of the castle.
York was England's second city for much of the Middle Ages.
In 1245, King Henry III decided that the wooden fortress tower was outdated, and its main castle in northern England should look like a modern powerful fortress.
Therefore, between 1245 and 1265, a new stone tower was built with two large halls, a chapel, a kitchen and a prison, surrounded by new castle walls with watchtowers, gates and bridges.
Over the following centuries, the castle gradually lost its military significance. After the civil war in 1644, he became a prison. The two buildings that now take the place of the medieval walls of the castle were built as prisons. Dolzhnikov Prison (central building) was built in 1705, and the Women's Prison (on the left) in 1780.
Nearby is Assize Courts Trial House, 1777. From the beginning of the 19th century until 1896, the castle was the site of executions in York. All these buildings are preserved. Two prison buildings are now occupied by York Castle Museum. Assize Courts is still being used for its intended purpose.
Before the defendants face trial, they are imprisoned in the original casemates of the eighteenth century.
Of the main buildings of the castle, only the central tower has been preserved., Known as the “Clifford’s Tower”. Clifford Tower was named after the famous rebel Lord Robert Clifford., Which was hanged on its wall in 1322.
From the top of the tower offers a magnificent view of York. You can get there at the same time as visiting the Castle Museum. The museum is open daily except Easter holidays and January 1 from 10:00 - 17:00 hours. Ticket price for an adult is 3.50 pounds, for children under 15 years of age is 1.80.
York City Gate
The gates in the city walls in York are called ‘bars’. The name ‘bar’ comes from the word barrier. At first these were simple collars, but with each perestroika they became more and more impressive. The bars acted as checkpoints and customs points.
People who were not citizens of the city had to pay a fee for the right to sell their goods in York markets. The gates were usually locked at 21:00, the keys were kept by the mayor. Until 4:00 the gates did not open. Bars were also a symbol of the importance of the city.
Until now, the monarch, before entering the city, must ask permission while standing at the gate.
Bootham Bar - the gate that stood on this place for the last 19 centuries. Bootham contains some of the oldest medieval masonry
The Micklegate Bar was the main gate of York. They were the scene for important events, such as the solemn meeting of the monarch or a demonstration of the cut off heads of traitors. Micklegate Bar consists of four tiers. The upper tiers were built in the 14th century. The statues on top were carved by R. Ridley in 1950 to replace the earlier ones.
The main arch of the Walmgate Bar includes an original 12th-century gate. The bar has 3 tiers, 14.5 meters high, made of local limestone and is 6.5 meters long.
Monk Bar Gate
Monk Bar is the northeast entrance to York. Monk's bar consists of four tiers. The base of the gate was built in the 14th century, the upper floor was added at the end of the 15th century during the reign of King Richard III of the York Dynasty.The Monk Bar houses the Richard III Museum.
Ancient buildings of York
Within the limits bounded by the ancient city walls of York, medieval streets and buildings have survived. The historical heart of the city has remained unchanged since the Middle Ages. Stonegate and Petergate, York's two most stylish shopping streets, have remained in place for nearly two thousand years. The place of the Roman military headquarters was taken by the Gothic cathedral, dominating the city.
The construction of this magnificent building took more than two hundred and fifty years, and was completed in 1472. The cathedral has the largest medieval stained glass windows in England. Among them is the eastern window, an area of 186 square meters, which is considered the largest stained glass window in the world.
The cathedral stands in the middle of the old quarter. This is the busiest area of the city. Most of the historical sights of York are located on its territory.
In front of the cathedral is a statue of Constantine the Great, emperor of Rome.
Barley Hall is a remodeled medieval house. The oldest parts of the building date back to around 1360, when it was built as the York residence of the abbot of the Nostell Monastery in East Yorkshire. In the mid-15th century, Barley Hall became the home of a noble citizen, jeweler William Snosell, alderman and Lord Mayor of York.
The house was bought by the York Archaeological Trust in January 1987 and restored to its original 15th century appearance. Visitors to Barley Hall will be able to imagine life in medieval England.
Barley Hall Interior
Here it is allowed to experience the comfort of antique furniture, touch various items of household utensils. The house is open from 10 to 16 hours daily, except holidays. Ticket price for an adult - £ 5.50, for a child - £ 3.00.
The treasurer’s house
Treasurers House is a large mansion located next to the cathedral, surrounded by a magnificent garden. Contains a collection of antique furniture of the 17th and 18th centuries, ceramics, textiles and paintings. The house and garden are open for tourists from 11 to 16-30 hours, a ticket for an adult costs £ 7.00, for a child - £ 3.50.
St williams college
St William’s College is a magnificent Tudor-style black and white building located behind the cathedral. St. William's College was built in 1465 as a dormitory for York priests. The building was named after William Fitzerbert, Archbishop of York (1143 - 1147), canonized in 1226.
The Shambles is a narrow, cobbled alley lined with 15th-century Tudor buildings that hang over the pavement. This is the most visited street in Europe. In 2010, The Shambles received the award as the most picturesque street in Britain in a competition held among users of the Google Street system.
The Shambles Street
The word “Shambles” comes from the Saxon word shamel, which means “slaughterhouse”. The street got its name, probably because in the middle of the 19th century it had 26 butcher shops. The sidewalks on both sides of the pavement are raised. This was done specifically so that the butchers could dump their waste on the street and all the blood and entrails merged into the river.
Also in the old quarter there are many restaurants, cafes and pubs where you can relax and try local dishes in order to more fully experience the aroma of the city.
National Railway Museum
National Railway Museum - the largest railway museum in the world. Its exposition is dedicated to the history of railways from the 19th century to this day. It presents more than a hundred locomotives and almost two hundred other units of rolling stock.
Map of downtown York
In the summer, the main event in York is horse racing. Even those who are not interested in running, take the opportunity to wear to appear in society in the most fashionable outfits and extraordinary hats. In addition to horse racing, many events take place in York throughout the year, such as the Jorvik Viking Festival in February, the Early Music Festival in July and the Food Festival in September.
Travel to New York inexpensively
It's no secret that New York is a rather expensive city (one of the 10 most expensive cities in the world), and entertainment in it is also not cheap. However, in my opinion, the lion's share of the budget travel to New York is worth spending on a good hotel in the center. This is very important, because your impression of New York will very much depend on the right choice of housing in Manhattan or nearby.
But the entertainment and atmosphere of New York is still something that you can survive only one on one with the city. And it’s not necessary that they all have to be very expensive. Some interesting places that you should definitely see in New York will be completely inexpensive or even absolutely free.
So, let's start our inexpensive trip to New York!
1. So, almost any trip to the USA (after obtaining an American visa) begins with airfare to New York and determining the timing of the trip. We always travel wisely: that is, we don’t throw money down the drain, but we don’t stop at the cheapest hostels. Reasonable savings are that it’s better to choose a cheap flight with one short transfer, and to choose a better hotel in New York for the money saved. Or pre-view convenient direct flights to New York at Aviasales.
When the plane ticket to New York is in your pocket, we move on to the next point - search and book a good hotel.
By the way, good maps of New York, as well as any useful information you can ask here at such kiosks
2. Now, if you want to continue saving, you should take care of your stay in New York in advance. Unfortunately, New York is not a place where you can very easily find a good hotel in the city center. Everything is cloudless only if you plan to stay in top-end hotels such as The plaza or in the Waldorf Astoria, temporarily closed for repairs, which needs no introduction.
But if the task is to find decent hotel in manhattan, then you need to shovel a ton of material and read all the reviews so as not to run into the hotel in bedbugs or with an idle elevator and thin walls that neighbors swear at when you try to sleep after a busy day. Fortunately, we did it for you - wrote a detailed article with recommendations:
As I said, in New York the rule is 100% that it’s better to pay more, but definitely get a cozy place to stay, and not a dead room. This does not have to be luxury housing, because we will only spend the night there, but preferably with a good breakfast. But at the same time, the rest should have been full, so that every day there were forces to conquer New York.
Our affordable New York hotel
It was very important for us to find a hotel in downtown Manhattan or in the closest accessibility to it. To walk around New York every day, either toward Central Park, or on foot to Wall Street and not get tired.
In the end, we booked at Bucking just a great hotel on Long Island, next to Queensboro Bridge and close to the subway, just two stations from downtown Manhattan (Midtown) and Fifth Avenue. In general, we recommend a cheap hotel in New York - Howard johnson by wyndham . I personally lived in it for 4 days and were very satisfied with everything (fresh rooms, a hot breakfast, daily cleaning). And even without any problems, they left our things absolutely free after a check-out at the reception until the evening, and they themselves searched the city. Read all the details in our review about a budget hotel in New York.
One of the most famous hotels in New York, located next to Central Park - Plaza! It was here that the film "Home Alone 2" was shot
3. After buying tickets and booking a hotel, the two most important tasks before traveling to New York are completed. Further it is worth deciding on excursions, as well as thinking about what to see in New York cheaply or even free of charge. Because there are so many interesting things that your eyes run up.
By the way, we arrived in New York for 4 days and managed to get around all the main attractions in Manhattan. But we previously prepared and studied what and what day is better to visit, so as not to get very tired, but not to waste our time. So I’ll also advise you on how best to plan your leisure time, depending on how many days you have in the Big Apple.
After you have chosen the obligatory and expensive entertainment in New York and the approximate budget of your trip has become clear, I’ll tell you what else you can see in New York without paying a dollar, or just one or two.
Free concert at Union Square in New York - anyone can join and sing mantras
Free New York Attractions and Fun
The great news for all independent travelers and tourists is that when we talk about free entertainment and attractions in New York, I do not mean that we will be strangers at the celebration of life. There is really nothing to pay for visiting many of the legendary places in New York. And it is very convenient.
Skyscrapers, interesting buildings, cathedrals, monuments, parks and squares - almost all of them are free for visitors. Only services are paid. And in order to see all this, you just need to correctly draw up a route around New York.
It is better to take souvenirs and things with New York merchandise in Chinatown, rather than in branded stores on the Upper East Side or next to Wall Street, where everything is much more expensive
But on Wall Street you can visit the Bronze Bull for free and, after holding on to its different parts of the body, wish you could earn more
Here are the sights of New York that are always free:
- Central Park (Cental park) - in addition to walking, you can get to various events and just relax, having a picnic or listening to musicians. There are several information kiosks in the park where you can take a free card so as not to get confused.
One of the classic views in Central Park
Look at the squirrel is another of the free activities in the park. There are quite a lot of them
The Statue of Liberty is best seen from the free ferry to Staten Island
View of Manhattan from Upper Bay
You can also go to Liberty Island on a paid ferry. Fare - $ 18
And so the symbol of the USA looks from Manhattan, from Battery Park
Brooklyn Bridge connects two areas of New York: Brooklyn and Manhattan. The pedestrian bridge, its length - 1825 m
At the Nicholas Roerich Museum in New York