The main attraction of India is the Taj Mahal, about a loud mausoleum made of white marble, inlaid with semiprecious stones, including jade, crystal, lapis lazuli, amethyst and turquoise, built in Agra, between 1631 and 1648 by order of the Mughal emperor, Shah -Jahana in memory of his beloved wife. The Taj Mahal is the pearl of Muslim art and the greatest architectural achievement of Indo-Islamic architecture. The Taj Mahal is so named after the Mumtaz Mahal of the emperor’s wife. The Taj Mahal is the most famous and main attraction of India, every year tens of millions of travelers travel to India to admire the beauty of the Taj Mahal.
Official website: www.tajmahal.gov.in
Taj Mahal, India sights abstract
Varanasi, the holy city in India, is also known as Kashi and Benares. Varanasi is the most popular Hindu pilgrimage site; the city is sacred to Hindus and Jains, about one of the seven sacred cities of India. It is believed that this is the place of Shiva, Varanasi is located on the banks of the Ganges River, in which, according to the Indians, you can wash away all your sins.
Varanasi is considered the oldest city in the world, it is more than 3000 years old. Also Varanasi or Kashi is known as the city of temples, temples are here at every step. The most famous temple in Varanasi is the Golden Temple, restored in 1776, which is dedicated to the god Shiva.
3. Ajanta Caves
Ajanta Caves are Buddhist monuments in rock caves dating back to the 2nd century BC, which are masterpieces of Buddhist religious art. The magic caves of Ajanta were abandoned in about 650 AD, and everyone forgot about them until 1819, when the British did not stumble upon them during the hunt. Their isolation made them well preserved.
The caves are located 100 km northeast of Ellora, 104 km from Aurangabad and 52 km from Jalgaone train station. They crash into Deccan's volcanic lava in the Sahardi Hills forest gorges in scenic surroundings. Ajanta Caves contain drawings and sculptures that depict the life of Buddha.
Jaisalmer, or the "Golden City", is a city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located 575 kilometers west of the capital of Jaipur, near the border of Pakistan. Jaisalmer stands on a ridge of yellowish sandstone, in the middle of the great Indian desert or the Thar desert. The city is crowned with a fort, which houses a palace and temples.
Jaisalmer was founded at the crossroads of camel caravans traveling in the desert with exotic spices and precious silk. This strategic location of Jaisalmer made it possible to remove tribute from merchants, since the main routes of caravans connecting India with Persia and Egypt passed through it.
5. Harmandir Sahib
Sri Harmandir Sahib, also known as the Golden Temple in Amritsar, is a shrine in the Sikh religion. Harmandir Sahib is located in the center of the old part of Amritsar, Punjab province in India. The Golden Temple sits on a rectangular platform, surrounded by a pool of water. The temple building has four entrances, instead of the usual one. This is a symbol of the openness of Sikhism and indicates that followers of all faiths can enter it. The walls of the temple are decorated with carved wood panels and intricate inlaid with silver and gold. The Golden Temple is open to all. Pilgrims and visitors to the Golden Temple should take off their shoes and cover their heads in front of the entrance.
6. Kanha National Park
Kanha National Park is located in Madhya Pradesh, in the heart of India. Kanha National Park is one of the tiger reserves. Kanha is considered one of the best wildlife areas in the world.
Kanha is certainly a haven for wild animals that live in their natural habitat. It was Kanha who became the inspiration for Rudyard Kipling for writing his famous novel. The jungle book.
Official Website: www.kanhatigerreserve.com
Palolem, undoubtedly, is one of the most open ideal beaches of Goa, palm trees, gentle sand and a calm bay, it is an ideal place for a beach holiday. It is considered an ideal place for a family holiday in a tropical paradise with a turquoise sea.
8. Virupaksha Temple (Virupaksha Temple)
Virupaksha Temple is located in Hampi, 350 km from Bangalore, in the state of Karnataka in southern India. Hampi was once the residence of the Vijayanagara empire and the Virupaksha temple is part of the group of monuments built in 1336 - 1570 A.D. Virupaksha Temple is dedicated to the god Shiva and is known as one of the most sacred temples in the state of Karnataka.
10. Start Kerala (Kerala backwaters)
Kerala Plant is a chain of brackish lagoons and lakes parallel to the Arabian Sea in the state of Kerala in southern India. Kerala Plant includes five large lakes connected by a network of interconnected canals, rivers, lakes and bays, with more than 900 km of waterways, both artificial and natural, 38 rivers flow into Kerala Plant.
Travel Guide: Thailand Sightseeing Tour
Ajanta Cave Complex
One of the most important wonders of the republic is the cave monastery complex, located in the granite mountains of Vindhya. It is a huge cliff in the shape of a horseshoe with the presence of 29 caves, divided into prayer rooms and places of residence of Buddhist monks.
Temples were arranged in the rocks for several centuries - starting from the 1st century BC. The most active construction was carried out in the V-VI centuries. It was during this period that murals and the most interesting sculptures were created.
- Location: Maharashtra state in central India, Vindhya mountain range.
- Visit time: from 9:00 to 17:30 from Tuesday to Sunday.
- Tour price: from 600 rupees.
Taj Mahal Palace
In India there is a very interesting architectural monument - a palace of white marble, which is a mausoleum-mosque. The square facade of the building contains semicircular niches. Because of this, the structure as a whole looks quite neat and compact, despite all its massiveness.
The most amazing thing is that the palace is able to change color. In rainy weather, it appears translucent, pinkish in the morning, and golden in the evening. Inside the walls are decorated with painted tiles, there are semiprecious and precious stones everywhere.
- Location: in the north of India (in the city of Agra).
- Working hours: daily during daylight hours, Sunday - closed.
- Input: for adults - 1000 rupees, for children under 15 years old - free of charge.
Of the modern attractions, it is worth taking a look at the main temple of the Bahai religion. It was built relatively recently - in 1986. The building is made of snow-white marble in the form of a blooming lotus. The attraction is popular with tourists of different ages. The building itself was awarded architectural awards.
Nine entrance doors lead visitors to the central hall, whose height is about 40 meters. The room can accommodate up to 2500 people. In the surrounding area is a garden.
- Location: New Delhi.
- Opening hours: the temple is open daily from 9:00 to 18:00, from October 1 to March 31 - until 17:30, closed on Monday.
- Cost of visit: is free.
An amazing natural attraction is the Dudhsagar Falls, reminiscent of a multi-level composition with a length of about 600 m and a height of 310 m. The waterfall got its name because of the milky white color of the water. This effect is created due to the large number of small splashes.
Tourists can reach the reserve by any public transport, but you need to drive an SUV through its territory. After reaching the final destination, you will have to walk on foot in just 15 minutes.
- Location: Goa State, Bhagwan Mahavir Nature Reserve.
- When to visit: better from November to February.
- Cost of visit: you will have to pay 20 rupees for entering the protected area.
Water Kingdom Waterpark
In India, you can see one of the most beautiful water parks in Asia. It is divided into five separate zones. For visitors of all ages, a game pool is provided, which occupies a plot of about 30 thousand square meters.
People who prefer extreme descents and turns will find a lot of interesting things for themselves. Children are allowed into this zone only accompanied by adults. The price of a ticket for children is determined by growth, not age.
- Location: Mumbai city.
- Work mode: from 10:30 to 19:00, during the holidays the schedule can be changed.
- Ticket price: for adults - 1050 rupees, for children under 137 cm - 696 rupees, for babies less than 100 cm - for free.
The ancient city of Hampi
In a small Indian village you can see the ruins of an ancient family, which was the center of the powerful Vijayanagar empire. Its main attraction is Virupaksha Temple. With it, tourists usually start visiting the ruins.
In the immediate vicinity is another temple - Vithala, built of red stone. Only the lower part of the structure has survived. Nearby there are also auxiliary buildings designed for dancing, music and other gatherings. Of the remaining buildings, the palace in the form of a lotus flower and buildings for elephants will be interesting. These are not all the interesting places of the ancient city. There are a lot of them.
- Location: Karnataka State, Hampi Village.
- How to get there: from Hospet by bus for 20 rupees, another option is a motor rickshaw for 90-120 rupees.
- Object area: about 26 square meters km
Hawa Mahal Palace
Many will like the palace, which resembles a huge anthill in shape. A significant role in the architectural appearance is played by window openings and all kinds of niches. The facade of the building is decorated with a large number of miniature balconies decorated with lace ornaments.
The windows of the building act not only as an interesting element of the design decision, but also are part of a specific ventilation system. Interestingly, there are no stairs in the building itself. Transitions between floors are carried out on gentle descents and ascents.
- Location: state of Rajasthan, the city of Jaipur.
- Opening hours: daily from 9:00 to 17:00.
- Cost of visit: 50 rupees.
The fortress erected on the Yamuna River is of historical value. The fort was built in the 11th century. At that time, the structure had the form of a small brick wall. After 400 years, the building was converted into the residence of the Sultan. Now the fort serves as a military base, so part of the territory is closed to visitors.
In the courtyard of the facility is a stone bowl with numerous inscriptions. Find out why it is needed, failed. There is an assumption that it was used to prepare rose water.
- Location: in northern India (in the city of Agra).
- Work mode: daily from 6:00 to 17:30.
- Ticket price: for foreign tourists - 250 rupees.
One of the interesting architectural structures is the Mehrangarh fortress. It is located on high rocks, representing a powerful and impregnable refuge. In it, oriental luxury is successfully combined with the sophistication of the royal residence and the minimalism characteristic of serfs.
A museum has been created in one of the palaces, which is considered the most equipped institution of its kind in the whole state. It contains interesting collections of costumes, weapons and other items.
- Location: Rajasthan State, near the city of Jodhpur.
- Work time: from 9:00 to 17:30 daily.
- Entrance to the museum: 600 rupees.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Station
In India there is a special railway station, which is one of the main attractions of the country. Its design was carried out by a British architect. The outline of the building resembles a European building, characteristic of the 19th century, but with an excess of Mughal style.
The station plays an important role in terms of railway connections. It serves not only suburban lines, but also long-distance trains. In 2004, the building was included in the UNESCO list.
- Location: Mumbai city.
- Museum Hours: daily from 10:15 to 18:00, Monday is a day off.
- Input: is free.
Picola Lake Palace
The palace, located on the rocky base of Lake Pikola, may seem an amazing structure to tourists. The building used to be a royal residence. During its construction, white marble was used, the deposits of which were found in the local mountains.
Now the building has been turned into a five-star hotel. The palace covers an area of 16 thousand square meters. The configuration of the rooms on the second floor is unusual. They have a rounded shape.
- Location: Rajasthan State, Udaipur City.
- How to get there: directly to the palace are reached by boat.
- Room rate: from 18-20 thousand rupees per day.
Being in the capital of India, it is worth visiting a special temple, which is important for many pilgrims. From afar, it resembles a toy palace with turrets of red color. Believers come here to change their destiny and be cleansed from sins. The main sanctuary is dedicated to the goddess Lakshmi. She is able to bring happiness and abundance.
The construction of the temple was carried out in 1933-1934. The initiators of the construction were the families of wealthy industrialists. Hundreds of stone carvers worked on the marble design of the temple.
- Location: New Delhi.
- Opening hours: daily from 4:30 to 21:00 (from 13:30 to 14:30 the temple closes for a break).
- Input: free.
Another no less famous attraction is the Mysore Palace. In its architectural style traced Gothic, Hindu and Muslim touches. The building is built of stone and has three floors. Above the central arch you can see a sculpture of the goddess of fortune and wealth.
Inside the palace are several important rooms. The private auditorium was used by the king to negotiate with ministers and guests. The Armory acted as an arsenal for members of the royal family. The assembly hall allowed to meet with the population to discuss certain issues.
- Location: in southern India (in the city of Mysore).
- Opening hours: daily from 10:00 to 17:30.
- Cost of visit: for foreigners - 200 rupees.
In one of the villages there is a system of caves, inside of which there are temples related immediately to three religious cults. There are plenty of miracles here. All individual attractions are combined into a complex that requires a very long inspection.
Some scholars studying the history of India believe that temples in this area did not appear by chance. In ancient times, one of the largest trade routes ran here.
- Location: Maharashtra state, 30 km from the city of Aurangabad.
- Working hours: temples are open from 6:00 to 18:00, Tuesday is closed.
- Input: for visiting the complex you will have to pay 250 rupees.
Gateway of India to Mumbai
Tourists located in Mumbai should definitely look at the triumphal structure, which has become a symbol of the state. Near the arch is almost always very crowded. There are many Indians and tourists. This is the first attraction that is met by guests who reach India by sea.
During the construction, the architect combined the individual elements of the Hindu and Muslim styles. Yellow basalt acted as the main material during construction.
- Location: seafront in the city of Mumbai.
- When to visit: possible around the clock, but better in the daytime.
- Pay: not charged.
Minutare Qutb Minar
The Indian capital has the tallest brick minaret on the entire planet. The design is a unique monument of medieval architecture of Indian and Islamic styles. The beginning of the construction was laid by a Muslim ruler, who managed to complete only the foundation.
The Qutb Minar Minaret is a complex of historical buildings dating back to different eras, among which graceful gates, a mosque, and also a column made of unique iron stand out.
- Location: Delhi city, Mehrauli district.
- Work time: daily from 7:00 to 17:00.
- Ticket price: 200 rupees.
Fans of Indian films will surely want to visit the well-known film industry. Since 2011, the entrance to the pavilions is open for tourists. There are organized regular excursions. You can get acquainted with the life of famous heroes without unnecessary difficulties, being on the other side of the screen.
Bollywood releases movies in several languages. They can be entertaining or have a highly social character.
- Location: Mumbai city.
- Tour time: daily from 16:00 to 17:30.
- Ticket price: from 3500 rupees.
In India, a huge number of historical architectural objects that are worth a visit. However, in those cases where the attractions of Goa are mentioned, it often comes to beaches. They are famous for this state. As for the architectural heritage, it is associated with the Indo-Portuguese style, which was formed over the entire period of Portuguese expansion.
It is important not to get into the rainy season in Goa, because then you will not be able to fully experience a beach holiday. In the summer, monsoons begin to blow here and a large amount of precipitation falls.
St. Catherine's Cathedral on Goa
Asia's largest Christian cathedral is located in Goa. The Church of St. Catherine has an invaluable Christian relic called the “Growing Cross”. In the temple there are all the attributes of a majestic cathedral: font, altar and graceful bells on the bell tower.
You can visit the temple from 7.30 to 18.00. Finding a cathedral in the state is not difficult. In the center it is visible from afar.
Fort Aguada on Goa
Aguada is an echo of the colonial architecture of India. In Goa, the fort was built by the Portuguese. Today, its fortifications are partially accessible to tourists for inspection. On one of the parts of the fort there is a real prison. Next to the fort is Candolim Beach. You can inspect red brick buildings from 10.00 to 18.00. There is one road from Candolim to Aguada, which is accessible only by car to the fort.
Water Park Splashdown in Goa
Five pools, a large number of slides, as well as excellent service make Splashdown water park one of the best in Goa. The most extreme attraction of the water park is Tornado. The attraction is a huge pipe from which visitors fly into the pool. Getting to the water park is possible from Mapusa. You need to take a bus to Anjuna, and then on the way ask to stop at the water park. The institution operates from 10.00 to 18.00. Entrance ticket costs 520 rupees.
Bandla Nature Reserve in Goa
This reserve occupies only 8 square meters. km, but its popularity is higher than that of other protected areas, as it is convenient to visit with children. A zoo, a children's engine and a games room nicely dilute the viewing of local hills and trees. The bundle is divided into an equipped and wild part. They say that in the wild there are leopards, however, few have personally witnessed them. Also on the territory of the reserve are the ruins of an ancient temple. From Panaji to the reserve go by car or sightseeing bus. On Thursdays, the zoo in the reserve is closed; on other days, the landscaped area is open from 9.00 to 17.00. Admission is inexpensive, but the price often changes.
Redi Fort on Goa
When Kipling described the city of monkeys, he most likely meant the Red Fort. Grandiose stone walls, twined with vines, tree roots growing through windows and doors - all these are the natural scenery of the former Redi Fort. The fortification at this place was built in the 16th century by order of the maharaja from the Savant clan. Later, the fort was captured by both the Portuguese and the British, and after Redi came to complete desolation. By the way, next to the fort is the village of the same name. By car from Calangute you can get to the fort for 2,000 rupees. Public transport does not go to the fort; admission is free.
National Museum of Delhi
More than 100 thousand different exhibits are stored in the National Museum of Delhi. The exhibitions of the museum complex are dedicated to the culture, nature and development of the country. Cult objects, ancient fabrics and finds of archaeologists take their place on the cozy and clean floors of the museum. It takes a whole day to see all the expositions. Experienced museum guides can tell you where the items of interest to the visitor are located. Entrance to the complex costs 300 rupees. This board also includes an audio guide. The museum is open from 10.00 to 17.00.
Gateway to New Delhi
Delhi has a large and progressive New Delhi area. It built a large gate of India, similar to the triumphal arch. The gate was erected in 1931. They are dedicated to those soldiers whose lives were given to the millstones of the First World War. The height of the memorial complex is 42 meters. In the days of remembrance, the inhabitants of Delhi lay wreaths and flowers at the monument. In the evenings, the gates are beautifully illuminated by spotlights. Pragati Maidan Metro Station is nearby.
Zoo in Delhi
The Zoo in Delhi was opened in 1959. Today the zoo has the status of a National Object. This place has an unusual concept: animals are not separated from visitors by rods and ditches, but by natural fences in the form of rocks, trees and embankments. There is a large research center at the zoo. On a vast territory, you can see a large species diversity of monkeys, a couple of giraffes, rhinos, representatives of cats and many other wild animals.
Bengal tigers and the notorious white rhinos are also saved in this zoo. Carrying food and alcohol on the grounds of the park is prohibited. There is no contact office. The zoo is open from 9.00 to 16.00. An adult ticket can be purchased for 200 rupees. The facility is located near Mathura Road.
Indira Gandhi Museum in Delhi
This museum is dedicated to the life of Indira Gandhi. Expositions consist of Gandhi's personal belongings, her outfits, photographs and similar attributes. Many of the rooms in the museum-house where Gandhi previously lived were left exactly as they were during life. The museum’s garden has a glass wall that encloses the place where Indira Gandhi died. The museum is closed on Monday. On other days of the exhibition are open from 10.00 to 17.00, admission is free. Address: Tees January Marg, 5.
Bollywood in Mumbai
Since 2011, some of the film studios in Bollywood have been open for tours of them. Bollywood is the word that personifies all Indian cinema. Only organized excursion groups are taken to the pavilions. A ticket costs an average of $ 50, you need to purchase it at an agency in the city. Guided tours of the pavilions are conducted daily from 4 p.m. to 5.30 p.m.
Near Mumbai, the island of Elephant is based. In the center of the island are the ruins of several Hindu as well as Buddhist temples dating from the 5-8th century. When the temples were still operating, a huge elephant sculpture was erected on the island. The Portuguese in the 16th century noticed a statue from the sea and landed on the shore of Elephant. They destroyed temples, burned villages, and life on the island fell into decay. From the mainland to the shores of the island formation ferries. You can’t sleep on the island, but you can see it during the day from 9.00 to 17.00. Travel time is less than an hour, a ferry ticket costs about 200 rupees.
Taj Mahal in Agra
The main architectural attraction of India is in Agra. The visiting card of the country was built by the Mughal emperor for the sake of his wife. The white marble palace is decorated with exquisite stone carvings. More than a thousand tourists visit this place every year. Not only the palace deserves attention, but also the park around it. At its core, the Taj Mahal is a mausoleum. The gates of the palace are open from dawn to dusk on all days except Friday. Entrance there costs 1000 rupees.
In the mountains of Vindhya you can see the amazing cave complex-monastery of Ajanta. On a huge cliff directly in the rock prayer halls and temple rooms of a Buddhist monastery are carved. Nowadays, the complex can count 29 temples. The first of them appeared here in the 1st century BC. The fifth century is considered the period when the main sculptures and murals were created in the monastery. The monastery is located among the mountains in the state of Maharashtra. For visitors, the building is open from 9.00 to 17.30. You can visit from Tuesday to Sunday. The tour is estimated at 600 rupees.
Palace on Lake Pikola
In the water on Lake Pikola there is a rocky base. On this basis, a white marble palace was erected. Previously, the building served as a royal residence. Today in the building there is a hotel, whose rooms on the second floor have round shapes. A day in the palace will cost a tourist 20 thousand rupees. You can only get there by boat. Nearby is the city of Udaipur, Rajasthan.
Minaret Kutub Minar in Delhi
The minaret, built in Delhi in the Islamic style, is considered the highest brick building on earth for this purpose. The first stones in the masonry of the minaret were laid in 1199. The construction of 73 meters high was completed only in 1351. The Arabic script in the building is not decorated with figures of animals, or people. Such ornaments are prohibited in Arab culture when it comes to religion. Near Kutub-Minar stands a pillar of meteorite iron. It is believed that it was forged in the 4th century BC. The pillar is an Islamic relic. The minaret can be found in the Mehrauli region. Entrance ticket costs 200 rupees. The minaret is open from 7.00 to 17.00.
Museum of Crafts in Delhi
The Museum of Crafts presents ancient tools. They also hold dance festivals, and at the fair nearby sell products of Indian masters. The museum has several large pavilions. The museum accepts visitors from Tuesday to Friday from 10.00 to 17.00. Entrance to the exhibition is possible for free. Expositions are located at: Pragati Maidan, Bhairon Marg.
Pattadakal in Karnataka
The historical complex is included in the UNESCO list, which emphasizes its great importance. In the 7th century, this city was the capital of the kingdom of Chalukya. Today, in the present existing city of the same name, the walls of the temples and houses of Pattadakal remained near the river as a reminder of the former greatness of the capital, where the coronation of all the monarchs of the kingdom took place. They get from Badami to the town by regular bus. In the city itself there is almost no tourist infrastructure. Access to the ruins costs 400 rupees.
2. Qutb Minar
The Qutb Minar Minaret is considered the highest and oldest minaret on Earth. According to these indicators, he is even listed in the Guinness Book of Records. At present, the debate about the belonging of the minaret to Islamic or Hindu culture has not yet subsided. The tower, 72 meters high, is built of brick. To the very top you can climb the 379 steps. The minaret consists of five tiers, the lower one with a diameter of 14 meters, and the upper one - 3 meters.
The Qutb Minar Minaret reflects the history of medieval architecture in the Indian capital. Its walls are decorated with inscriptions, there are even the words of the holy Quran. Currently, the entrance to the minaret is paid, but the photo and video are allowed in unlimited quantities. Every tourist must visit this attraction in India.
Dudhsagar Falls is located in the Indian state of Goa, in the Bhagwan Mahavira Nature Reserve. This is the most beautiful natural landmark of India! The name of the waterfall is translated into Russian as “milk shores”. A powerful stream of water falls from a high mountain (the total length of the waterfall is 603 meters) and falls into a clean lake with fresh water.
Thousands of tourists come here every year to enjoy the beautiful sight of a bubbling waterfall, as well as to feed the fish that swim in the lake. If these fish crumble bread, then they will bizarrely jump out of the water. A truly breathtaking sight!
4. Indian Museum
The Indian Museum is the largest museum and a hot tourist spot in India among connoisseurs of antiquities and art. It was founded at the beginning of the 19th century by the Danish biologist Nathaniel Wallich. The museum is located in Serampor, near Calcutta.
The Indian Museum is considered one of the oldest museums on the planet. Its walls house exhibits from almost all over the world. There is an Egyptian mummy, exhibits associated with the Buddha, such as a Buddhist stupa and the ashes of Buddha. An honorable place in the Indian Museum is occupied by the Ashoka column. The museum stores fossils and the remains of ancient animals, works of art and even meteorites.
7. India Gate to New Delhi
Gates of India - an architectural monument, made in the form of an arch by the architect Edving Lachens. The monument was built in memory of the dead Indian warriors who sacrificed their lives in the Anglo-Afghan and World War I. At the foot of the monument an eternal flame was erected, and 90 thousand names of dead heroes were carved on the gates themselves. In 1971, near the monument, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was erected. At this monument, it is customary to lay wreaths in memory of the dead soldiers.
8. Tomb of Humayun
The Mausoleum of Humayun is a whole complex of tombs of the great Indian rulers and their entourage. The attraction is located in the city of New Delhi, on the banks of the Jamna River. Humayun's tomb was built by order of his widow Hamida Banu Begum in the middle of the 16th century. The creators of this architectural complex are considered architects Mirak Giyathuddin and his son Said Muhammad.
The tomb is made in the best Indo-Islamic traditions. It is a prototype of almost all the mausoleums of the world. The building rises 44 meters in height and is crowned with a snow-white marble dome. The complex is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is one of the best tourist destinations in India.
9. The Red Fort of Agra
The Agra Red Fort or Akbarabad Palace has for many years been the residence of Indian rulers and military leaders. The fortress perfectly adorns the banks of the Yamuna River. Agra Fort is a whole ensemble of architectural buildings that are protected by a huge wall of red sandstone, 20 meters high and 2.4 kilometers long. Behind the wall is a deep moat. It used to be filled with crocodile water.
In 1983, this landmark of India was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The fort still plays a significant role.
10 Mahabodhi Temple
The world famous Mahabodhi Buddhist Temple rises in Bodh Gaya, Bihar. It was in this place that the monk Gautama Sidhartha was about 500 BC. e. during meditation he attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree and became known as the great Buddha. The Bodhi tree is included in the temple ensemble, which since 2002 has been considered the world heritage of the international organization UNESCO. Hundreds of thousands of believers come here every year to worship a Buddhist shrine. It is also one of the popular tourist attractions of India.
11. The Golden Temple of Harmandir Sahib
The golden temple of Harmandir Sahib rises majestically on the Amritsar pond in the city of the same state of Punjab. It is considered the main prayer center for fans of Sikhism. The Amritsar settlement itself was founded in 1577 by the 4th Sikh guru, Guru Ram Das. He in the place of the modern city of Amritsar ordered to dig a pond called Amritsar, which means "source of eternal life." After 11 years, a good acquaintance of the guru, the great Sufi from Lahore - Hazrat Miyan Mir - began to erect the temple building in the heart of the reservoir. At the beginning of the XVII century it was ready for operation. Before you find yourself inside the temple, you must overcome the path through the marble bridge, which identifies the road from sin to holiness. Every tourist will be interested in visiting the Golden Temple of Harmandir Sahib in India.
In the rocky caves of Ellora, a unique architectural complex is located, which includes the Kailasanatha temple dedicated to the god Shiva. This attraction is carved from a huge rock and is separated from the rest of the complex by huge clefts. For 150 years, the temple was carved by about 7 thousand skilled craftsmen from monolithic rock in three directions - from the upper tier to the lower. At the base are carved figures of elephants and lions. Simultaneously with the appearance, internal halls were carved. Initially, the temple was covered with white stucco, which distinguished it from the entire complex.
14. Prince of Wales Museum
In 1904, the noble people of Bombay (modern Mumbai) decided to build a museum in the city in honor of the Prince of Wales. The very next year, the prince himself laid the first stone. The museum was built in the form of a three-story rectangular structure. The building is crowned by a snow-white dome. In the architecture of this attraction of India, several architectural trends can be traced at once: Indo-Saracen, Mongolian, Marathian and Jainian. Around the museum building planted palm gardens and flower beds are broken.
The museum houses more than 50 thousand exhibits, which are divided into three sections: archeology, art and natural history. All this, of course, will be interesting to see for tourists.
15. Buddhist stupa in Sanchi
In the Indian village of Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh, there are ancient architectural monuments of Buddhism, among which there are monasteries, temples, stupas. The most striking attraction of the village of Sanchi is a Buddhist stupa, built in the III century BC. e. It is believed that this is the first Buddhist stupa on the planet. During its long history, the Buddhist stupa in Sanchi has seen a lot: it was almost destroyed in the II century BC. e., was abandoned with the advent of Islam in India and acquired a new life in 1818. In 1989, Sanchi's monuments were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.