Georgia is a vacation on the sunny coast of Adjara, the ancient fortresses of Kakheti, the picturesque ski resorts of Upper Svaneti, as well as delicious cuisine and excellent wine. In a small territory of this country many attractions fit, so experienced travelers know that one trip to Georgia will not be enough. In order to feel the atmosphere of this ancient land, learn its history and understand the mentality of the proud Georgian people, you need to come here at least five times.
In Georgia, the traveler is waiting for the architectural treasures of Kutaisi, theaters and cathedrals of Tbilisi, the modern sea resort and port of Batumi, as well as small towns scattered among the expressive nature, where time flows as well as several centuries ago. The Georgian region is famous for healing mineral springs, healing mud and thermal waters. In the famous resort of Borjomi, you can improve your health and get rid of perennial ailments.
A trip to Georgia is a real celebration for gourmets and connoisseurs of good wine. Who has not heard of Khajapuri “Adjarian” or the Kindzmarauli wine brand? Legends have been circulating about Georgian spices and sauces for a long time, they help to prepare the most delicious and spicy dishes.
What to see in Georgia?
The most interesting and beautiful places, photos and a brief description.
1. Tbilisi Old Town
Part of the city on both banks of the river. Hens, where medieval buildings of bygone centuries have been preserved. There are architectural objects of the 5th century in Old Tbilisi, many of them are included in the lists of valuable historical heritage. The old city occupies the historical territory of ancient Tiflis (as it was in the 12th century) and even now has preserved the special atmosphere of those times. Narrow streets, ramparts and ancient cathedrals help the traveler plunge into the difficult interweaving of Georgian history.
2. The city of Mtskheta
The most ancient city of the country, founded in the V century. BC. According to legend, it was laid by a descendant of Noah Meskhet (Mtskhetos). The city is 200 km away. from Mount Ararat - it was there that Noah's Ark stuck after the end of the Flood. Mtskheta is located near Tbilisi and is the ancient capital of Georgia. This is a holy place for every Georgian; locals call the city “the second Jerusalem”.
3. Trinity Church in Gergeti
Alpine temple of the XIV century., Located at an altitude of more than 2 km. above sea level. The ancient walls of the temple stand against the sparkling glaciers of Kazbek. It was based on the site of a pagan temple, according to some guidebooks, the walls still contain an ancient silver idol in the form of a ram, not destroyed for some reason by the local clergy. From the Georgian Military Highway the church offers a picturesque view.
4. Narikala fortress
This building stands almost from the base of Tbilisi. Residents call the fortress “the heart and soul” of the city. At different times, Arabs (VII-VIII centuries) and Mongols (XI-XII centuries) took part in its construction. For many centuries the construction was an important fortified point on the Great Silk Road. In 1827, the citadel was partially destroyed by an earthquake. Now the Narikala fortress is not completely restored, but its walls and towers are silent witnesses to the great history of this land.
5. Ananuri Fortress
The construction is 64 km. from Tbilisi on the Georgian Military Highway. The fortress played an important role in numerous wars between feudal lords in the Middle Ages due to its convenient location. Ananuri was well preserved - not only the walls and towers remained intact, but even the ceilings and internal buildings. Almost all tourist routes around the country run through the citadel, so it is almost impossible to miss it.
6. Jvari Monastery
The existing monastery, towering above the ancient city of Mtskheta. He was sung by Lermontov in the poem "Mtsyri" and, apparently, in honor of this event, a monument was erected to the poet near the monastery. Like many other religious buildings, Javri was erected on a dais in a rock, since in ancient times it was believed that a person should work hard to get to the "habitat of the Lord."
7. Gelati Monastery
It was founded by King David IV in the XII century. Later it became its tomb. Gelati Monastery is considered the most significant medieval monastery in Georgia, it is included in the UNESCO heritage list and is under the protection of this organization. At the monastery, the Gelati Academy (cultural and scientific center of medieval Georgia) operated, whose members studied Greek philosophy.
8. Alaverdi Cathedral
The shrine of Kakheti, located in the village of the same name. The building of the Cathedral was erected in the XI century. and at that time was the highest in the region. Alaverdi was repeatedly destroyed by invaders, but people restored and restored it. The first restoration was made in the XV century. Fragments of paintings of the 11th-18th centuries are still preserved on the walls. The ensemble of the cathedral includes a bell tower, a palace, a refectory, a fortress wall.
9. Betania Monastery
One of the best examples of Georgian temple architecture. It was erected during the time of Queen Tamara. According to legend, the ruler loved to stay in these places for rest. The monastery has preserved unique ancient frescoes depicting the royal family, icons with scenes from the Bible, altar paintings, consisting of bible verses and psalms.
10. Tsminda Sameba
This cathedral is considered a symbol of "renewed Georgia." It was erected in 2004 in compliance with all the traditions that have developed over the centuries of temple architecture. The construction was carried out at the expense of donations of citizens and the means of wealthy Georgians. Tsminda Sameba can accommodate up to 15,000 people, its area is more than 5,000 m² and it is not afraid of earthquakes.
Cave city, built during the reign of George III. There are 15 temples with ancient frescoes and a functioning monastery. The surviving murals are considered unique, as they were created at the end of the XII century. and survived to our times. They contain images of Tamara, George III, Our Lady and Christian saints.
Another cave city in Georgia. It is considered one of the first settlements in the country. Founded in the 2nd century BC. For its long existence Uplistsikhe survived several elevations and falls, in the XIX century. he was finally abandoned by the inhabitants. In its heyday, it consisted of 700 caves, which housed residential and administrative buildings. Many buildings have survived to our times.
13. Svan Towers
Facilities on the territory of Svaneti, on the southern side of the Caucasus Range. The towers were not used as defensive, since during their construction in the region there were no internal wars. There is a version that they were built to maintain the prestige and intimidation of possible enemies, while they kept stocks of vegetables and other provisions.
14. Batumi fountains
Singing fountains in the center of Batumi, one of the brightest city attractions, attracting many tourists. During the laser show, viewers will see not only bizarre overflows of light rays, but also a brief history of the city and country, told in colors and sounds. Fountains were built relatively recently - in 2009, but have already become one of the main attractions of Batumi.
15. Rustaveli Avenue
The main street of Tbilisi, its “face” and facade. There are ministries, official residences, government buildings, so the avenue is the center of political life in Georgia. Also on Rustaveli Ave. there are many expensive boutiques, restaurants, hotels and nice cafes where you can drink a cup of excellent Georgian coffee.
16. Peace Bridge in Tbilisi
The modern building connecting the banks of the river. Hens in Tbilisi. It symbolizes the bridge from the past to the future, as it connects the old and new parts of the city. During the construction, the project was used by the Italian architect Michel de Lucci and the French lighting engineer Philippe Martino. The bridge was opened in 2010 on the feast of St. George.