Nitra - a city in western Slovakia, the center of the same name region. Around the city flows the river Nitra. Unlike many other Slovak provincial cities, Nitra, both old and new, is marked with the seal of its current prosperity. Due to its location in a beautiful hilly fertile area famous for vineyards, the city accelerated economic development after 1993. Since 1974, a colossal agricultural fair has been held in Nitra, there is an agricultural university. Visiting tourists primarily seek to get to the annual trade fairs, art festivals, symposia and exhibitions. Every year in the city there are up to 1.5 million visitors.
To be in Nitra means to get acquainted with the spiritual roots of Slovakia, the ancient city and now remains the guardian of the spiritual and cultural life of the country. The first Slavs replaced the Celts, settling here in the V century. By 828, the national hero of Slovakia, Prince Pribina, converted to Christianity and erected the first church on this territory. Despite the annexation of the Moravian Empire in 833, Christianity flourished, especially after the arrival of Sts. Cyril and Methodius. Cyril translated the sacred texts into colloquial Latin, and Methodius in 870 was anointed by Pope Adrian II as the first archbishop of Moravian. Everything that happens can be imagined, standing on a steep hill Zobor in the center of Nitra. Here are the ruins of a giant medieval castle and a cathedral complex, including the first Benedictine monastery.
It seems almost unfair that Nitra with such an interesting history is distinguished by the poor development of infrastructure and industry, although the city has long had sufficient funds, as indicated by the general welfare of the inhabitants.
Do not miss
- Festival of classical guitar music.
- The Saturday market on the pedestrian street of Stefanikov, here, as well as on the streets of Mostna and Shturov, is located the majority of shops and cafes.
- Frescoes and wonderful choirs of the 14th century in the gothic Upper Cathedral.
- The medieval apse of the Cathedral of St. Emmeram, associated with the baroque Lower Cathedral (1622-1642).
- Incomparable view from the Wazel Tower.
- Local wine is just liquid gold.
Interesting places Nitra
The site contains the sights of Nitra - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Nitra, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Nitra.
Komarno Fortress, located in the Slovak city of the same name, is part of the fortification system on the banks of the Danube, in Slovakia and Hungary. The first fortress was built in the 13th century by the Hungarian King White IV. In the 15th century, the Hungarian king Matthias ordered the construction of a fortress on the current Slovak side of the Danube, which is now called the Old Fortress.
Construction was carried out by architects from Italy. In 1673, the New Fortress was built. The construction of the fortress in the form of a quadrangle with three ledges in the form of a peak of gray stone and sand was completed in the middle of the XIX century. The area of the citadel on the side of Slovakia, consisting of eleven bastions, could accommodate 200 thousand soldiers.
Now in the Slovak citadel is located the Roman Lapidarium Museum, the collection of which consists of Roman sculptural monuments of the 1st – 4th centuries AD, among which you can see altars, tombstones, sarcophagi, various architectural elements.
Complex Vadash Termal, Located in the town of Šturovopo, is rightfully considered one of the best recreational centers in Slovakia and throughout Europe. Open to more than 10 thousand visitors, Vadash invites you to improve your health and gain strength. Here you have 7 outdoor and 2 indoor pools, a year-round massage pool and the only artificial wave pool in Slovakia! In addition - a lagoon with an area of 3800 sq.m and, of course, healing thermal waters with a temperature of 39 ° C from underground sources.
The most popular attractions in Nitra with descriptions and photos for every taste. Choose the best places to visit famous places of Nitra on our website.
|Andrei Bagar Theater|
|Population||77 374 people|
|Telephone code||+421 37|
|Timezone||UTC + 1 / UTC + 2|
Nitra is located in the valley of the same river at an altitude of 200 m above sea level. At this point, the Nitra River finally descends from the mountains to the Danube lowland, therefore, from the north and east the city is still surrounded by hills, and from the south, on the contrary, the plain is open.
Nitra is almost the oldest Slovak city. In the IX century, the first Slavic state was formed on the territory of modern Slovakia, led by Prince Pribin, and Nitra itself was first mentioned in 828 in connection with the construction of the Christian church. It is believed that this is generally the first Christian church in Eastern Europe, but, of course, nothing has survived from it, and little has remained of its successor. By the end of the 9th century, Nitra became the first bishopric in these parts, which predetermined the fate of the city for the next thousand years. The political situation was constantly changing: the great Moravian principality disintegrated under the blows of Poland, then southern Slovakia became part of the Hungarian kingdom, then the Turks came and went, and Nitra retained its distinguished status. The city completely burned down in 1708 and was rebuilt in the Baroque style. At the same time, the restructuring of the castle, which had almost lost its original medieval appearance, was finally completed.
At the end of the 19th century, gradual industrialization began, which continued actively during the era of interwar and later communist Czechoslovakia. Now in Nitra there are factories for the bottling of wine and the production of plastic containers, as well as enterprises engaged in the manufacture of electronics and units for automobiles. A significant part of the city is occupied by block and panel houses, but, fortunately, they are almost not affected by the center. 3-4 hours will be enough to inspect the center, if you have time, you can wander around the outskirts, climb Mount Zobor or travel around the surroundings.
The castle stands on a mountain in the bend of the Nitra River. On the slopes of this mountain down the streets Old town, and where the terrain becomes flat, begins New town. It forms a kind of "sector", extending a couple of blocks from the pedestrian street Štefánikova trieda and bounded from the south by a street Štúrova. The train station is half a kilometer south. The Old Town is dominated by buildings of the late 18th century, all as one architectural monuments. In the New City, the development of the turn of the XIX-XX centuries., Smoothly turning into quarters of pre- and post-war time.
All the standard attractions of Nitra are located in the center, i.e. inside the old or new city. Outside the center, and quite far from it (10 km), is the ancient church of St. Michael the Archangel in Drazhovets. All other suburban attractions are among the little-known, but, nevertheless, interesting. It is also worth climbing up any hill - even to Calvaria, even to Mount Zobor - and enjoy the panorama of the center of Nitra with its castle, and from the castle you will see no less beautiful panorama of the surroundings.
Nitra is located on the Nove Zamky – Topolcany – Prievidza (Bojnice) line and does not have direct communication with Bratislava. Slow and very comfortable local trains run along this line at intervals of 1-2 hours, there are also trains to Leopoldov (15 minutes from Trnava) and Zlato Moravets (not the most interesting city on the border of western and central Slovakia). If you want to travel specifically from Bratislava and always by train, then there are routes with a change in Nova Zamki or Leopoldovo at your service: both will take 2-2.5 hours.
Buses from Bratislava to Nitra leave every 15-20 minutes, on the way 1 hour 20 minutes. Passing buses to Zvolen, Banska Bistrica and other cities of central Slovakia are also suitable for you. Many Bratislava buses stop on their way to Trnava (from Nitra 45-50 minutes). Every 1-2 hours there are buses in Levice (it takes about an hour to get there).
In Nitra, there are two dozen city bus routes connecting the center with the outskirts. All buses pass through the Centrum stop at the intersection of Štefánikova trieda and Štúrova at the Galéria Mlyny Nitra shopping center. Many buses have a terminal at the railway station.
Fare: € 0.80 (2018), tickets from the driver. There are also smart cards, but you are unlikely to spend so much time in Nitra that you will need them.
How to get to Nitra
By car from Bratislava along the highway E571 (travel time about 1 hour).
By bus from the main station of Bratislava (about 1.5 hours). It is rather inconvenient to travel by train, since the route is a large number of transfers (about 3 hours).
The bus and train stations of Nitra are a 10-minute walk from the street. Stanichna. To get to the center of Nitra, you need to go north to the street. Stefanikov, and then go to pl. Svyatopulkovo.
Attractions and attractions of Nitra
The city is divided into two parts - Upper and Lower Grad.
The center of the Upper City is Nitran Castle. He is the center of the spiritual life of the country. At the top of this part of the city is the Nitran Gallery, where works by contemporary artists from Slovakia are presented. Here is the former residence of the head of the regional administration - Zhupan Palace. Nearby, in the old quarter through the arch, there is a historical reserve. The reserve complex includes: Franciscan Church, the buildings of the Big and Small Seminary. And in the center of the square is a monument to Pribin, the first prince of Nitra.
The Cathedral of the 14th century is also interesting in its architecture. It combines several buildings: the Upper and Lower Church, as well as the Church of St. Emeram and is considered one of the most beautiful in Slovakia.
A distinctive feature of the Lower City is the presence of churches of various faiths: a Moorish-style synagogue, Kamaldolsky monastery, St. Stephen's Church. The historical center of Nizhny Grad is Svyatopulkovo Square. The Palace of Justice is located here - a monument of secular architecture of the city, as well as the Nitran Museum.
One of the largest scientific complexes in Slovakia is located in Nitra and includes an agricultural university, the University of Konstantin Philosopher, schools, libraries.
There are several interesting places near Nitra. One of them is Mount Zobor, which offers a beautiful view of the surroundings. On a hill is the ancient church of St. Michael. South of Nitra is the city of Komarno. It is interesting for its unusual buildings in the city center. Another place - the palace in the settlement of Topolchanka, is one of the most beautiful palaces in Slovakia.
At the intersection of st. Stefanikova and st. Sturovo you can shop at the Tesco supermarket.
Nitra - an important agricultural region of Slovakia, is a fairly popular center for business travelers. It is here that the central agricultural exhibition Agrocomplex is annually held.
Also, from year to year the festival "Summer in Nitra." The program of the event includes many concerts, exhibitions, various shows.
City of Nitra (Slovakia)
Nitra is the oldest city in Slovakia and the fourth most populous. This is the most important center of the western part of the country with magnificent monuments of the past, including a castle and several ancient churches. Nitra is one of the most beautiful historical cities of Slovakia, which attracts tourists with its attractions, wonderful atmosphere and rich cultural life. The city is home to two universities and has a large student population.
Geography and climate
Nitra is located in the west of Slovakia, 90 km from Bratislava. The city is located on the banks of the river of the same name at the foot of the Tribeca Mountains. Nitra has a temperate continental climate with warm summers and cool winters.
Panorama of Nitra
- The population is about 80 thousand people.
- Area - 100.48 km 2.
- The language is Slovak.
- Currency is Euro.
- The visa is Schengen.
- Time is Central European (UTC +1, summer +2).
- It is most convenient to get to Nitra by bus.
The Slavs came here in the 5th century. It was in the vicinity of Nitra that the first Slavic settlements were founded on the territory of the future Slovakia. In the 7th century, these lands were included in the state of Samo, and later - the Principality of Nitra, which, in turn, was absorbed by Great Moravia. The first mention of Nitra dates back to 828.
After the collapse of Great Moravia, Nitra was incorporated into the Kingdom of Hungary. In 1248, the privileges of the free royal city were granted to the settlement, which were lost in 1288. In 1271-1272, Nitra was damaged in the wars with the Czech Republic. In the 15th century, the city became the target of Hussite attacks. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Nitra was besieged several times by the Ottoman Empire. In 1708, the city was damaged during the rebellion against the Habsburgs and was later renovated in the Baroque style.
Nitran Castle is the main attraction of the city, located on a hill 15 minutes walk from the historic center. This magnificent ancient building, built in the 11th century on the site of a huge Slavic fortress. The Nitran Castle is one of the most important historical places in Slovakia, which was the center of the ancient Slavic states: the Principality of Nitran and Great Moravia. Its core is the cathedral with the residence of bishops.
Cathedral of St. Emeram
Cathedral of St. Emerama - the architectural dominant of the castle, which arose as a result of the combination of three structures: the church of the 11th century, the original Gothic upper church of the 14th century and the lower church of the 17th century. The oldest surviving part of the cathedral is the Romanesque church, which, according to recent archaeological research, dates back to the 9th century. The original Gothic palace of the bishops, standing next to these sacred buildings, was rebuilt in the late Baroque style in the second half of the 18th century. The appearance of the Episcopal Cathedral, as we know it now, dates from the period between 1710-1736. The interior, for the most part, also dates back to the 18th century. In addition, external fortifications near the oldest parts of the Romanesque period have been preserved here.
The Mariana Column is an 18th-century baroque sculptural composition located on the southern slope of the Nitran Castle.
Church of the Visitation
Church of the Visitation - a 19th century episcopal three-nave church in the neo-Gothic style.
Franciscan Monastery with the Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul
The Franciscan monastery with the Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul is one of the architectural dominants of the Upper City in Nitra. It was built between 1624 - 1634 years.
Church of st. Peter and Paul with a high tower was rebuilt in the Baroque style in the 18th century. Its interior is decorated with 33 oak sculptures that “tell” about the life of St. Francis - the founder of the order.
PR monastery - a religious building of the same name with the baroque church of St. Ladislava, built in the 18th century.
The Protestant Church is a Calvinist one-nave church built in the early 20th century.
Church of the Archangel Michael
The Church of the Archangel Michael is a Romanesque religious building built at the turn of the 11th and 12th centuries. The church is located on a rocky hill in the town of Dražovce (near Nitra).